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New Trends in Automation


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Survey of up and coming technologies and issues facing designers, builders and users of industrial automation and systems across all technologies. (CMAFH) Drive for Technology 2010 presentation

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New Trends in Automation

  1. 1. Norman Dziedzic
  2. 2. Smart Everything Wires, What Energy Wires? Revolution Ethernet Safety up Everywhere Front
  3. 3. Maybe You Should Too 
  4. 4.  What is Smart?  Extended/Expanded Functionality  Multi-Functionality  Self Diagnostics  Configurability  Connectivity   
  5. 5.  ARM vs. Intel It took Intel 30 YEARS to sell 1 Billion processors & another 4 years to sell its 2nd Billion ARM sold (licensed) 2.8 BILLION processors (cores) in 2009 (That’s around 90 every second) High End Processing Power is stampeding down into smaller and smaller devices!
  6. 6.  Smart Relays
  7. 7.  Smart Sensors RFID
  8. 8.  Do Everything HMIs… • Data Logging / Database Connection • Recipes • Security / Audit Trail • Language Change • Passthru Data • PLC Functionality • Remote Access • Multiple PLC Configurations
  9. 9.  Smart Drives / Motors / Valves
  10. 10.  Vision  Measurement  Tagging
  11. 11.  Smart Phones?
  12. 12.  Smarty Pants •Is Smarter Always Better? •What Does it Take to be Smart? •What is Smart Management?
  13. 13. Less Power to the People
  14. 14.  Thin is In! Weight is being rung out of almost everything resulting in great material and shipping savings. Now the challenge is handling these more fragile products  It’s Hip to be Square To increase packaging density, more square and rectangular designs are in vogue New gripper and fixture designs are required as parts move away from round shapes. Changeover can be more complex as well with square shapes.
  15. 15.  Conservation of the Basics  Compressed Air Minimize Pressure or Change to Electric  Electricity New AC Motor Standards EISA End of 2010 Regenerative Drives Re-Capture Deceleration Energy  Water In 1930 In 2005 Producing Producing 1 Ton of Steel 1 Ton of Steel Required Required 200 Tons of Water 5 Tons of Water
  16. 16.  The Energy Ripple Effect of a Thinner/Lighter Part Design Less Raw Material Less Energy to Less Energy to Recycle at End Process The of Life Material Now the challenge is to Less Energy to Less Energy to handle these Ship Part to Customer Ship Material to Plant lighter, thinner parts through manufacturing Lower Energy Required to Produce Part and shipping.
  17. 17.  The Energy Ripple Effect of Efficient Panel Design Less Raw Material for Enclosures Less Energy to Less Energy to Recycle at End of Fab Enclosures Life & Make Wire Less Energy to Cool Enclosures Less Energy to Ship Enclosures & Wire to Plant Less Energy to Smaller Ship Machine to Machine Customer Footprint
  18. 18. Safety Up Front And A Game of Standards Musical Chairs? Do you know your MTTFd?
  19. 19.  Traditional Machine Building Commission Light Mechanical Test Measure Hard Build Field Wiring Curtains or by Hand Guard Debug Scanners
  20. 20.  New Machine Design & Building Select Safety Consider Safety Components Safety is not an Risk During Setups, Based on “Add On” or Assessment Changeovers, Required Rushed at End Early in Process Maintenance Performance of Project Level
  21. 21. Safety Up Front Safe Motion Functions • Safe Standstill/Safe Operational Stop • Safely Reduced Velocity / Increment • Safe Direction of Movement • Safely Limited Absolute Position • Safe Brake Management
  22. 22. Safety Up Front Safety Controllers • Consolidate Wiring • Multiple Safety Devices • One or Multiple Outputs • Multiple Functions Curtains Mats Scanners Rope Pull 2 - Hand
  23. 23. Safety Standards Musical Chairs Out with the old – Sort of… • EN954-1 Going… Going… Gone (Dec 31, 2011) In with the New – Sort of… • EN ISO 13849-1 … Meet the new boss. You can, and probably should be using EN ISO 13849-1 Now
  24. 24. Safety Standards Musical Chairs New (EN ISO 13849-1) Old (EN 945-1) Performance Levels Categories
  25. 25. Safety Standards Musical Chairs New Buzz Words • SRP/CS: Safety-Related Parts of Control Systems • PFHd: Probability of a dangerous Failure per Hour • PLr: Performance Level Required • MTTFd: Mean Time to Dangerous Failure • DC: Diagnostic Coverage • CCF: Common Cause of Failure New Tools • SISTEMA: Software Tool to determine Performance Levels • Manufacturer Databases: Data on MTTFd to use in SISTEMA
  26. 26. Thank You Ether Bunny! 
  27. 27.  What is “Ethernet?”  Cables?  Connectors?  Computers?  Networks  World Wide Web?
  28. 28.  Industrial Ethernet generally means a specific Protocol  Sercos III  Ethernet/IP  Modbus/TCP  EtherCAT  ProfiNet  Powerlink  …
  29. 29. Proliferation of cheap laptops and netbooks means Ethernet hardware is easy to access and use. • Many devices now include a Web Interface for configuration • Only a web browser is required for setup The Good: Ethernet can provide a connection to anywhere in the world The Bad: Ethernet can provide a connection to anywhere in the world
  30. 30. Knowledge of Ethernet basics is now absolutely essential for the controls engineer! • Can you change the IP address of your computer? • Do you know what a sub-mask is? • Do you know how to ping an address?
  31. 31.  Pulling the Old Switcheroo… • How about the difference between managed and unmanaged Ethernet switches? • What about routers? • Can you secure your network?
  32. 32. Wires, we don’t need no stinking Wires! 
  33. 33.  A multitude of Options  802.11a/b/g/n (Wi-Fi)  900 MHz  Bluetooth  GSM Modems  HART (highway addressable remote transducer)  ISA 100.11a  ZigBee  Light Flashes?
  34. 34.  Why Wireless?  Ease of Installation  No Need to run Wires  Remote Locations  Rotating Equipment
  35. 35.  There is general acceptance of Wireless for Monitoring Functions  But Less willingness to use wireless for Control. Users want “Determinism” (generally 10msec response – guaranteed)  Site Survey is the key to installation success  Security is also an issue
  36. 36. Range How far will it go? Circles of Success Received Signal Strength Performance Zone Path Engineering Required Wireless Conduits up to 20 miles Common Sense Zone Success with Experience Receiver Wireless Conduits up to 1/2 mile Threshold No Worry Zone This is “Electricians’ Territory” Wireless Conduits up to 1/4 mile Distance
  37. 37. Intentional Interference Eavesdropping | Data Injection | Data Manipulation Public Standards Proprietary Systems  Radio “language”  Non public air interface. is known.  Equipment available to  Equipment is “insiders”. readily available.  Un-known technology is  Encryption is the a significant barrier. only protection.  Encryption helps.
  38. 38. Smart Everything Wires, What Energy Wires? Revolution Ethernet Safety up Everywhere Front