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Jose Garcia Villa was born on August 5, 1908 in Manila’s
Singalong district.
A Filipino poet, literary critic, short sto...
He enrolled on a Pre-medical course in the University of the
Philippines but then switch to Pre-law course.. However he
r...
The characters in the story
have strong personality like the
writer itself he has a strong and
brave personality.
In the story “The fence” there is
a bit similarity in the writer’s life
focusing on the separation of the
couple. Jose Gar...
The Fence was written during American
Colonial Period
It was published on December 24, 1927
– Philippines Free Press
Su...
Social attitudes:
According to Cruz’s study, he argues that
Villa’s book is fraught with “irreconcilables—the
uneasy, the ...
Cultural practices:
American influence was deeply entrenched
with the firm establishment of English as the
medium of instr...
As a reader, the author opted for
a permanent aesthetic beautitude
instead of moving on to the ethical
stage.
EXPOSITION
The story opened with the description of the setting and
how the characters are reflected in the setting.
"Th...
BACKGROUNDING
Formerly there had been no bamboo
fence; there had been no weeds. There had
been two rows of vegetables, one...
INCITING INCIDENT
Aling Biang had caught her husband with
Aling Sebia one night.
RISING ACTION
The next morning she had go...
Check out the convo:
When her husband asked her what she
was doing, she answered, “I am building a
fence.” “What for?” he ...
CLIMAX
But early one night, from beyond the
fence, Aling Biang heard cries from Aling Sebia.
Unwilling to pay any heed to ...
“Aling Biang, please go the town and get me
a hilot (midwife)” “What do you need a hilot for?”
asked AlingBiang. “I am goi...
She decided to lie down and sleep. Her
body struck against her child’s as she did so,
and the child moaned. The other chil...
FALLING ACTION
The boy Iking was not allowed to play by the
roadside. And he could just catch glimpses of a girl on
the ot...
DENOUEMENT
Iking really wanted his mother to allow him at
least listen to the music but he was never granted
even though t...
The story is in the Third Person
Point of View. The narrator is not part of
the story but lets us know exactly how
the cha...
Aling Biang - unforgiving woman who was betrayed by
her husband with her neighbor
Aling Sebia - a childless widow/ aling...
The story happened in an old house on the
roadside, so brown were the nipa leaves that
walled and roofed them that they l...
The fence signifies the walls that hindrance and
separate even best friends, family, or relatives. The
fence was made to ...
SEEING
“The fence grew moldy and inclined to
one side, the child of Aling Biang grew up
into a sickly boy with hollow dark...
HEARING
“At night as he lay on the bamboo
floor, notes of a guitar would reach his
ears. The notes were metallic, clanking...
TOUCHING
“She stood motionless,
the wind brushing her face
coldly.”
SIMILE
“windows as desolate as the souls of the occupants of
the house, as sharply angular as the intensity of their
hatre...
Hatred overrules
Aling Biang and Aling Sebia are
most afraid one of them would give
way. The building of the fence seems
n...
The bitter woman – a woman who lived bitterly all her
life after she caught her husband having an affair with
another wom...
• The river – symbolizes life, journey and
boundaries
• The nipa house – new refuge, or
sanctuary
• The road – path to tak...
• Shadow – despair or
ignorance
• Kerosene kinke –
hope or renewal
• Tapis – cover, to hide
something
• Water – birth and ...
THE FENCE
The wife (Aling Bi-ang) caught her husband with
another woman (Aling Sebia), the next morning she
builds a fence...
THE FENCE
The wife (Aling Bi-ang) and the mistress
(Aling Sebia) stay at the same place though
separated by a fence. Their...
THE FENCE
The son of Aling Bi-ang, Iking died At two a.m.
Iking’s eyes were closed and his hands were cold. His
mother wep...
THE CHIEF TEST MOURNER
There were two women, each taking
position of her portion of the chapel during the
funeral of the p...
IS IT ACCURATE?
The story is accurate in a way that it is realistic
and non-fictional. The situation and reaction of
the ...
IS IT MORAL?
It is not moral in a way that betrayal is being
manifested in the story. And it is so awkward that the
legal...
The short story “The Fence”
displays a real life scenario. It is very
natural or an expected reaction of a
betrayed party ...
Most of the irresponsible men in the
society will do the same. It is a natural
reaction we are expecting from those who
ar...
• As I read the story, “ The Fence”, it created
an excitement in my mind as to what would
be its ending. Like the heartbea...
For me, “The Fence”, signifies the broken
character of Aling Biang towards life’s misfortune.
My analogy of fence to broke...
The fence, though described fortified
and high is simply a façade of the real
feeling of our main character. Brokenness
ei...
I thought of how many children around
suffer from the choice a parent’s action.
How many wives have suffered the same
betr...
The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa
The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa
The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa
The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa
The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa
The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa
The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa
The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa
The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa
The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa
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The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa

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Criticized the story The Fence through 7 perspectives

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The Fence by Jose Garcia Villa

  1. 1. Jose Garcia Villa was born on August 5, 1908 in Manila’s Singalong district. A Filipino poet, literary critic, short story writer and a painter. He used the penname Doveglion (derived from "Dove, Eagle, Lion"), based on the characters he derived from himself. He was the son of Simeon Villa (a personal physician of Emelio Aguinaldo) and Guia Garcia (a wealthy landowner) He graduated from the University of the Philippines Integrated School and the University of the Philippines High School in 1925.
  2. 2. He enrolled on a Pre-medical course in the University of the Philippines but then switch to Pre-law course.. However he realized that his true passion was in arts. He enrolled at the university of Mexico, wherein he was one of the founders of Clay, a mimeograph literary magazine. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree, and pursued post-graduate work at Columbia University. He worked as an associate director of poetry workshop at City College of New York from 1952-1960. In 1946 He married Rosemarie Lamb, they had two sons, Randall and Lance. They annulled after ten years of marriage. He has three grandchildren: Jordan Villa, Sara Villa Stokes and Travis Villa. On February 7, 1997 at the age of 88 Jose died with cerebral stroke and multilobar pneumonia.
  3. 3. The characters in the story have strong personality like the writer itself he has a strong and brave personality.
  4. 4. In the story “The fence” there is a bit similarity in the writer’s life focusing on the separation of the couple. Jose Garcia Villa is separated with his wife and had kids.
  5. 5. The Fence was written during American Colonial Period It was published on December 24, 1927 – Philippines Free Press Summer 1932 in USA
  6. 6. Social attitudes: According to Cruz’s study, he argues that Villa’s book is fraught with “irreconcilables—the uneasy, the troubling, and the disruptive within representational practices”
  7. 7. Cultural practices: American influence was deeply entrenched with the firm establishment of English as the medium of instruction in all schools and with literary modernism that highlighted the writer's individuality and cultivated consciousness of craft, sometimes at the expense of social consciousness.
  8. 8. As a reader, the author opted for a permanent aesthetic beautitude instead of moving on to the ethical stage.
  9. 9. EXPOSITION The story opened with the description of the setting and how the characters are reflected in the setting. "They should have stood apart, away from each other, those two nipa houses." "There should have been a lofty impenetrable wall between them, so that they should not stare so coldly, so starkly, at each other—just staring, not saying a word, not even a cruel word. "
  10. 10. BACKGROUNDING Formerly there had been no bamboo fence; there had been no weeds. There had been two rows of vegetables, one to each house, and the soil was not parched but soft and rich. But something had happened and the fence came to be built, and the vegetables that were so green began to turn pale, then paler and yellow and brown.
  11. 11. INCITING INCIDENT Aling Biang had caught her husband with Aling Sebia one night. RISING ACTION The next morning she had gone to the bamboo clumps near the river Pasig and felled canes with her woman strength. When morning dawned she rose and went back to the back of the house although very tired and began to split the bamboos. Her husband noticed her, but said nothing. By noon, Aling Biang had built that fence.
  12. 12. Check out the convo: When her husband asked her what she was doing, she answered, “I am building a fence.” “What for?” he asked. “I need a fence.” And then, too, even Aling Sebia, the other woman, a child-less widow, asked inoffensively, “What are you doing, Aling Biang?” “I am building a fence.” “What for?” “I need a fence, Aling Sebia. Please do not talk to me again.”
  13. 13. CLIMAX But early one night, from beyond the fence, Aling Biang heard cries from Aling Sebia. Unwilling to pay any heed to them, she extinguished the light of the petrol kinke and laid herself down beside Iking. But, in spite of all, the cries of the other woman made her uneasy. She stood up, went to the window that faced the fence, and cried from there: “What is the matter with you, Aling Sebia?”
  14. 14. “Aling Biang, please go the town and get me a hilot (midwife)” “What do you need a hilot for?” asked AlingBiang. “I am going to deliver a child and I am alone. Please go, fetch a hilot.” AlingBiang stood there by the window a long time. She knew whose child it was that was coming as the child of Aling Sebia. She stood motionless, the wind brushing her face coldly. What did she care of AlingSebia was to undergo childbirth?
  15. 15. She decided to lie down and sleep. Her body struck against her child’s as she did so, and the child moaned. The other child, too, could be moaning like that. Like her child from the womb of Aling Sebia. Hastily Aling Biang stood up, wound her tapis round her waist, covered her shoulders with a cheap shawl.
  16. 16. FALLING ACTION The boy Iking was not allowed to play by the roadside. And he could just catch glimpses of a girl on the other side. This made the boy to secretly sneak to the other side of the fence. At night, he hears an incomplete sound of a guitar he knew coming from the other side. One morning Iking woke up with a disturbing sound. He saw his mother reinforcing and strengthening the fence. “Why-why!” he exclaimed in protest. His mother stopped hammering. She stared at him cruelly. “I need it,” she declared forcefully, the veins on her forehead rising out clearly. “Your mother needs it. You need it too.”
  17. 17. DENOUEMENT Iking really wanted his mother to allow him at least listen to the music but he was never granted even though that night was Christmas and both of them prayed for the lord. Even after the Christmas eve, Iking was still waiting for the guitar to be played because he is hearing that sound on that time. But it never played. Until 2am when Ikeng's eyes were closed and his hands were cold. So sick he rested that night. At 2:03am, the guitar was played and finally finished its playing but aling Biang was very angry, shouting that the guitar playing was a mock because his son is already dead.
  18. 18. The story is in the Third Person Point of View. The narrator is not part of the story but lets us know exactly how the characters feel. We learn about the characters through this outside voice.
  19. 19. Aling Biang - unforgiving woman who was betrayed by her husband with her neighbor Aling Sebia - a childless widow/ aling Biang's neighbor who has not seen a feeling of remorse having caught with her neighbor's husband Iking - aling Biang's son who wanted his mom to reconcile with their neighbor. He has hollow dark eyes and shaggy hair Aling Sebia's Daughter - a girl who is good in playing guitar that made Iking to fall in love. She has rugged features , a simian face, and a very narrow brow, dark- complex-ioned, flat-nosed Aling Biang's husband - a man who left unsettled with his wife
  20. 20. The story happened in an old house on the roadside, so brown were the nipa leaves that walled and roofed them that they looked musty, gloomy. The setting is reflective of the kind of characters and the situation they would be in. The nipa huts look desolate and empty, reflective of how their occupants behave and feel for each other. They have no neighbors and yet the need for each other seems remote and distant.
  21. 21. The fence signifies the walls that hindrance and separate even best friends, family, or relatives. The fence was made to separate and enclose two ownerships-land or space is one. It symbolizes that that property is exclusive only and that no one is allowed to trespass. Thus, the separation also leads to separation of lives among people. Neighbours are good example of this one and because of this communication and building relationship are deemed to create. The bamboo strengthened the hatred as these bamboos take away the decaying feeling in the heart of Aling Biang and Aling Sebia toward forgiveness.
  22. 22. SEEING “The fence grew moldy and inclined to one side, the child of Aling Biang grew up into a sickly boy with hollow dark eyes and shaggy hair, and the child that was born to Aling Sebia grew up into a girl, a girl with rugged features, a simous face, and a very narrow brow”
  23. 23. HEARING “At night as he lay on the bamboo floor, notes of a guitar would reach his ears. The notes were metallic, clanking, and at the middle of the nocturne they stopped abruptly.”
  24. 24. TOUCHING “She stood motionless, the wind brushing her face coldly.”
  25. 25. SIMILE “windows as desolate as the souls of the occupants of the house, as sharply angular as the intensity of their hatred.” PERSONIFICATION “From the road these houses feared no enemy – no enemy from the length, from the dust, of the road: they were unfenced.” “The fence grew mouldy and inclined to one side.” “Cicadas sang and leaves rustled.”
  26. 26. Hatred overrules Aling Biang and Aling Sebia are most afraid one of them would give way. The building of the fence seems necessary to protect themselves from seeing each other.
  27. 27. The bitter woman – a woman who lived bitterly all her life after she caught her husband having an affair with another woman The temptress woman – a widowed childless woman who later bear a child whom she considered a wrong womb The solitary – a sickly boy with hollow dark eyes and shaggy hair who used to lie on mat all the time The hideous – an ugly girl who is fond of playing guitar The cheat grass – the husband having an affair to his neighbor
  28. 28. • The river – symbolizes life, journey and boundaries • The nipa house – new refuge, or sanctuary • The road – path to take, new challenges • The fence – boundaries, walls, limitations, extent
  29. 29. • Shadow – despair or ignorance • Kerosene kinke – hope or renewal • Tapis – cover, to hide something • Water – birth and life • Moonlight – change • Hammer – justice • Guitar – harmony, peace, serenity • Window – opportunity • Dark-skinned bat – isolation, suppression • Red – passion, blood • Blanket – comfort • White – purity, innocence, peace
  30. 30. THE FENCE The wife (Aling Bi-ang) caught her husband with another woman (Aling Sebia), the next morning she builds a fence and not long after the completion of the fence his husband disappear and she took the matter passively and made no efforts to find him, and since then, She had become a hardened woman. THE CHIEF TEST MOURNER The wife (Sophia) tied her husband to a chair with a strong rope to teach him a lesson, when her husband (poet) was really drunk. She never saw him drunk again, for as soon as he was able to, he walked out the door and never came back.
  31. 31. THE FENCE The wife (Aling Bi-ang) and the mistress (Aling Sebia) stay at the same place though separated by a fence. Their unsettle issue make their child suffered for they don’t want to allow them to see or talk to each other. THE CHIEF TEST MOURNER The poet stays at the hotel, but the wife will send her niece with a letter at the hotel, and still care for the poet’s looks and whereabouts for she gathered information about the poet through their friends . After years, the poet meets a younger woman and stays by his side.
  32. 32. THE FENCE The son of Aling Bi-ang, Iking died At two a.m. Iking’s eyes were closed and his hands were cold. His mother wept. His heart beat no more. Two-three a.m.-a few minutes after—and beyond the fence came the notes of a guitar. And she who played it finished her nocturns that mourn. Aling Biang stood up from beside her son, approached the window, stared accusingly outside, and said in a low, resentful voice: “They are mocking. Who would play at such a time as this? Because my son is dead.” But she saw only the fence she had built and strengthened , stately white in the mutational moonlight.
  33. 33. THE CHIEF TEST MOURNER There were two women, each taking position of her portion of the chapel during the funeral of the poet. “The woman’s face went livid with shock and rage, and in a quick steps she was there before the casket, looking down upon that infinitely sad smile on Uncle’s face. All right,” she blurted ,turning about. “All right. You can have him—all that’s left of him!” At that moment before she fled, I saw what I had waited to see. The mascara had indeed run down her cheeks. But somehow it wasn’t funny at all.”
  34. 34. IS IT ACCURATE? The story is accurate in a way that it is realistic and non-fictional. The situation and reaction of the characters per situation is normal and reasonable. IS IT CORRECT? As per event in the story — Betrayal of the husband Building of fence Helping Sebia to give birth Isolation of their children
  35. 35. IS IT MORAL? It is not moral in a way that betrayal is being manifested in the story. And it is so awkward that the legal and other woman are neighbours in the story Another is the action showed by the father who vanished himself after the trouble he made. “Forgiveness is given to those who ask for it.” Aling Sebia did not feel any guilt and did not apologize for the immorality she has done and so Aling Biang remained embarrassed and disappointed with their situation which is an obvious reason of building the fence.
  36. 36. The short story “The Fence” displays a real life scenario. It is very natural or an expected reaction of a betrayed party to react such a way of building a fence as a result of pain. While the building of the fence of other woman represents/is a defence- mechanism on her actions.
  37. 37. Most of the irresponsible men in the society will do the same. It is a natural reaction we are expecting from those who are immature. The father in the story is an epitome of someone who knows right from wrong but is so immature of doing or choosing to do the wrong thing. It is a reality as well that after bringing damage and pain to his family, he chose to avoid the consequences than facing it.
  38. 38. • As I read the story, “ The Fence”, it created an excitement in my mind as to what would be its ending. Like the heartbeat pattern in a monitor of a hospitalized patient, my mind goes along with the events as the writer unfolds the mystery of the plot and his characters’ responses. My mind runs in indignation as I join the character in her misfortune as a wife and mother. As to tbiang’s son, Iking, I am terrified by his fortune, death at the end.
  39. 39. For me, “The Fence”, signifies the broken character of Aling Biang towards life’s misfortune. My analogy of fence to brokenness is seemingly contradictory for the story connotatively described the fence as strengthened. How could a fence that was constantly fortified be broken. Let us consider the feelings of Aling Biang as she realized the betrayal of her friend, Aling Sebiang, and her husband, which brought a human being in this world, a very clear evidence of such betrayal. A person who suffers betrayal becomes broken and a broken piece is hard to mend nevertheless it will undergo total transportation.
  40. 40. The fence, though described fortified and high is simply a façade of the real feeling of our main character. Brokenness either creates peace or chaos depending on the capability of the mind to perceive a certain dilemma. The mother, Aling Biang, conditioned her son not to talk to talk from the other side of the fence, thus he grew unhappy. She constantly reminds her son not to go near the fence, despite the longing of knowing the other being on the other side of the fence. The son diligently followed his mother’s command.
  41. 41. I thought of how many children around suffer from the choice a parent’s action. How many wives have suffered the same betrayal from a friend so dear? More so, how many more friends can afford to betray their same kind, human, and become humane after all. I speak of these things using my feminist point of view.

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