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CLICKNL DRIVE 2019 | Energy and sustainability - designing ecosystems

Presentation given at DRIVE 2019
TU DELFT - Abhigyan Singh
Unseam - Karin Vlug
Christiaan Weiler

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CLICKNL DRIVE 2019 | Energy and sustainability - designing ecosystems

  1. 1. ENERGY & SUSTAINABILITY Designing Ecosystems Moderator: Erik Roscam Abbing | Livework Studio
  2. 2. Social Energy Exchanges for Emerging Decentralized Neighbourhoods Abhigyan Singh | Delft University of Technology
  3. 3. Abhigyan Singh Postdoctoral Researcher, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, TU Delft SOCIAL ENERGY EXCHANGES for Emerging Decentralized Neighbourhoods
  4. 4. DOCTORAL RESEARCH ‘Conceptualizing Inter-household Energy Exchanges: An Anthropology-through-Design Approach’ Knowledge Contribution: Energy Anthropology Design Anthropology Singh (2019) Conceptualizing inter-household energy exchanges: An anthropology-through-design approach. doctoral dissertation, TU Delft. doi: https://doi.org/10.4233/uuid:57be7165-2726-4a1a-b076-c5ed3988e00b
  5. 5. EMERGING ENERGY SYSTEMS ‘Local Energy Grid Model’ Examples: Brooklyn Micro-Grid (USA), SOLShare (Bangladesh), Okra (Cambodia) ‘Energy Kiosk Model’ Examples: Rural Spark (India), Ikisaya Energy Centre (Kenya), Lighting a Billion Lives (India)
  6. 6. ELEMENTS OF INTER-HOUSEHOLD ENERGY EXCHANGE
  7. 7. DOMINANT VIEWS Householders as Rational Actors Energy exchange as Impersonal, Anonymous, And Competitive Buying And Selling Missing discussion on Social And Cultural Dimensions Of Energy Exchanges
  8. 8. EARLY EXPLORATION: SERIOUS GAMING APPROACH Singh et al. (2015) ‘Electric City’: Uncovering Social Dimensions and Values of Sharing Renewable Energy through Gaming. Works-In- Progress paper at ACM CHI’15, April 18-23, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  9. 9. EARLY EXPLORATION: VEHICLE-TO-COMMUNITY STUDY
  10. 10. EARLY EXPLORATION: STANDALONE GRIDS IN INDIA
  11. 11. India Gaya INTERVENTION STUDY: PEOPLE-CONTROLLED ENERGY KIOSK
  12. 12. Rampur (Total Households: 200) Study Participants: 28 households (1 energy-giver and 27 energy-receivers) Manpur (Total Households: 350) Study Participants: 37 households (1 energy-giver and 36 energy-receivers) Image Source: Google Maps TWO OFF-GRID VILLAGES: RAMPUR & MANPUR
  13. 13. COMPONENTS OF ‘PEOPLE-CONTROLLED’ ENERGY KIOSKS
  14. 14. WORKING OF ENERGY KIOSKS
  15. 15. USES OF SOLAR-ITEMS
  16. 16. RESEARCH METHODS
  17. 17. THREE TYPES OF P2P RETURNS In-cash Return Intangible ReturnIn-kind Return A return in the form of fiat money (currency notes and coins) A return in the form of a thing or work of economic value, such as access to irrigation pump-set; food items (potatoes, milk) A return in the form of social gestures and actions such as goodwill, social support, favor Singh et al. (2018) Exploring peer-to-peer returns in off-grid renewable energy systems in rural India: An anthropological perspective on local energy sharing and trading. Energy Research & Social Science 46, 194-213.
  18. 18. ‘BEYOND RATIONAL ENERGY MARKET’: AN INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION Singh & Herrera (2019) EthnoVis: An interactive visualization as a designerly product and process of mixed data analysis and communication, Research through Design (RtD2019) conference, March 19-22, Delft, The Netherlands
  19. 19. SOCIAL RELATIONS & VALUES IN ENERGY EXCHANGES Singh et al. (2017) Towards an ethnography of electrification in rural India: Social relations and values in household energy exchanges.
  20. 20. ‘RETURN-CONTINUUM’ Singh et al. (2018) Exploring peer-to-peer returns in off-grid renewable energy systems in rural India: An anthropological perspective on local energy sharing and trading. Energy Research & Social Science 46, 194-213.
  21. 21. …IN DUTCH CONTEXT “neighbours don’t sell surplus of apples or vegetables to each others” “instead of getting 5-10 euros in a month for selling my energy, I will prefer if someone works with me in my garden for a hour in a month” “my son charges his e-car at my place and I would not ask him to pay me”
  22. 22. FIVE RECOMMENDATIONS 1. Pluralize local energy exchange economy by moving beyond ‘energy-for-money’ thinking 2. Interconnect energy economy with economy of in-kind things (goods, services, labour…) 3. Consider various types of social relations and associated values to design for energy exchanges 4. Study how people live life in neighbourhoods to design energy services 5. Remember an energy exchange is not only an economic event but also a complex sociocultural process
  23. 23. THANK YOU! E-mail: a.singh@tudelft.nl Twitter: _AGSingh
  24. 24. Unseam Karin Vlug | Unseam
  25. 25. 28
  26. 26. Photo J. Dietz
  27. 27. UNSEAM x Enschede Textielstad
  28. 28. partners
  29. 29. www.unseam.nl
 info@unseam.nl Bas: +31 6 53 50 42 35 / bas@unseam.nl Karin: +31 6 81 78 78 05 / karin@unseam.nl
  30. 30. Bottom up urban development for sustainable neighbourhoods Christiaan Weiler | Cab54
  31. 31. ENERGY & SUSTAINABILITY Designing Ecosystems PANEL DISCUSSION Moderator: Erik Roscam Abbing | Livework Studio
  32. 32. Until 17:00 DRIVE DO’s & DEMO’s BROET 16:45 TOUR to KLOKGEBOUW

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