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CLICKNL DRIVE 2018 | 25 OCT | The Best of CHI2018

The Best of CHI2018

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CLICKNL DRIVE 2018 | 25 OCT | The Best of CHI2018

  1. 1. THE BEST OF CHI Moderator: Lenneke Kuijer | TU/e
  2. 2. INTRODUCING THE BEST OF CHI Lenneke Kuijer | TU/e
  3. 3. BIOFIDGET: PLAYFUL BREATHING EXERCISE FOR STRESS DETECTION AND REDUCTION Rong-Hao Liang | TU/e
  4. 4. RIPPLE THERMOSTAT Anke van Oosterhout | TU/e
  5. 5. CO-PERFORMANCE: CONCEPTUALIZING THE ROLE OF ARTIFICIAL AGENCY IN THE DESIGN OF EVERYDAY LIFE Lenneke Kuijer | TU/e
  6. 6. THE MAKING OF PERFORMATIVITY IN DESIGNING [WITH] SMART MATERIAL COMPOSITES Bahar Barati | Delft University of Technology
  7. 7. EXPLORING THE VALUE OF PARENT TRACKED BABY DATA IN INTERACTIONS WITH HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS Joep Frens | TU/e
  8. 8. Janne van Kollenburg Sander Bogers Heleen Rutjes Eva Deckers Joep Frens Caroline Hummels Exploring the value of parent-tracked baby data in interactions with healthcare professionals
  9. 9. PHILIPS AVENT uGrow
  10. 10. First Medical Grade Baby app PHILIPS AVENT uGrow
  11. 11. How can parent-tracked baby data be of value in interactions with their healthcare professionals? CASE STUDY Objective
  12. 12. data as creative material Situated Explorative and ContinuousData as Creative Material METHOD Data-enabled Design
  13. 13. DATA-ENABLED DESIGN Explorative tools
  14. 14. Parent Toolkit Researcher DashboardHealthcare Professional Dashboard EXPLORATIVE TOOLS Data-enabled Design Canvas
  15. 15. CANVAS Parent Toolkit
  16. 16. PARENTS TOOLKIT Push Button Feeding Full diaper
  17. 17. PARENTS TOOLKIT Rotation Knob Cry intensity Falling asleep Satisfaction level
  18. 18. PARENTS TOOLKIT Toggle Switch Sleep Crying Breast pumping
  19. 19. PARENTS TOOLKIT Text Module Additional information Reports from other HCP
  20. 20. PARENTS TOOLKIT Video Module Capturing skin rash Baby playing and laughing
  21. 21. PARENTS TOOLKIT Parents Dashboard
  22. 22. CANVAS Healthcare Professional Dashboard
  23. 23. CANVAS Researcher Dashboard
  24. 24. Consultation Office Nurse Pediatrician General Practitioner Family 1 Family 2 Family 3 Family 4 Family 5 • 5 weeks old • 3 weeks old • 5 months old • 3 months old • 6 weeks old • No issues • Born light weight • multiple hospitalizations • Crying • Reflux CASE STUDY Participants
  25. 25. CASE STUDY Situated Explorations weeks participation per family weeks participation per professional data entries unique data trackers’ labels message treats interview hours reflection sessions 6 6-9 1373 25 20 36
  26. 26. CASE STUDY Design Narratives
  27. 27. CASE STUDY Design Narratives My Care Question (Consultation Office Nurse) Care Paths (GP and Pediatrician) Design intervention Insight t t
  28. 28. DESIGN NARRATIVE My Care Question
  29. 29. “Sometimes I click the button twice as I forgot to log the previous one. But that doesn’t show the real situation” – family 2, mother DESIGN NARRATIVE My Care Question
  30. 30. DESIGN NARRATIVE My Care Question “I am so pleased with the adaption possibilities. When I forget it in the middle of the night and enter the data in the morning it automatically ‘jumps’ to the right position on the timeline.” – family 3, mother
  31. 31. DESIGN NARRATIVE My Care Question
  32. 32. DESIGN NARRATIVE My Care Question
  33. 33. “I am doubting. I see a lot of data that I could respond to, but I’m hesitant to do so as I do not want to create issues that are not there.” – consultation office nurse DESIGN NARRATIVE My Care Question
  34. 34. DESIGN NARRATIVE My Care Question
  35. 35. DESIGN NARRATIVE My Care Question
  36. 36. DESIGN NARRATIVE My Care Question
  37. 37. data as creative material Situated Explorative and ContinuousData as Creative Material CASE STUDY Data-enabled Design
  38. 38. How can parent-tracked baby data be of value in interactions with their healthcare professionals? CASE STUDY Conclusion – Explorative approach to what data can be relevant and how
  39. 39. Janne van Kollenburg Sander Bogers Heleen Rutjes Eva Deckers Joep Frens Caroline Hummels Exploring the value of parent-tracked baby data in interactions with healthcare professionals
  40. 40. REFLECTIONS ON THE BEST OF CHI
  41. 41. THE MAKING OF PERFORMATIVITY IN DESIGNING [WITH] SMART MATERIAL COMPOSITES Bahareh Barati | Delft University of Technology
  42. 42. The Making of Performativity in Designing [with] Smart Material Composites Bahareh Barati, Elisa Giaccardi, Elvin Karana Presented at CHI 2018 | 21-26 APR | Montréal - Canada
  43. 43. contributions  a conceptual articulation of smart material composites as underdeveloped  disruption of affordance as a design strategy in the making of material’s performative qualities [Giaccardi & Karana CHI’15]
  44. 44. [Karana et al. 2015 International Journal of Design] material driven design
  45. 45. #1 matter matter | structure | form | computation
  46. 46. replacing the solid electrodes with liquid conductors [Franinovic ́ and Franzke, DesForM 2015]
  47. 47. matter | structure | form | computation #2 structure
  48. 48. separating the printed layers
  49. 49. matter | structure | form | computation #3 form
  50. 50. changing the pattern of the printed conductor multiplying the bulgy connection points
  51. 51. matter | structure | form | computation #4 computation
  52. 52. incorporating a light sensor (LDR) and hacking the invertor
  53. 53. Thank you :) b.barati@tudelft.nl
  54. 54. CO-PERFORMANCE: CONCEPTUALIZING THE ROLE OF ARTIFICIAL AGENCY IN THE DESIGN OF EVERYDAY LIFE Lenneke Kuijer | TU/e
  55. 55. Co-performance Conceptualizing the Role of Artificial Agency in the Design of Everyday Life Lenneke Kuijer, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands Elisa Giaccardi, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands CHI 2018, 24 April 2018, Montreal, Canada
  56. 56. t Shaping future everyday life
  57. 57. Social practice Present behaviour Future behaviour Social practice theory materials meanings competencies
  58. 58. Co-performance
  59. 59. Co-performance and shaping everyday life Social practice Present Future
  60. 60. What people are ‘better’ at: • Handle things • Move around in the home • Judge levels of comfort • Have awareness of context • Experience a wide diversity of practices • Respond creatively to variations and change • Empathize • … • … What artefacts are ‘better’ at • Work 24/7 • Don’t complain • Measure very precisely • Calculate very quickly • Receive wireless data • Stand idle • Consume electricity • Store lots of data • … • … Different capabilities
  61. 61. Time Demand for heat in homes New capabilities, new demands
  62. 62. Shaping everyday life to suit artificial capabilities?
  63. 63. Human-thermostat collaboration S.G.A. Bernabela, R.C. Brouwer, M.J. Hoekstra, K.R. Seck, Y. Shen & A.R. v.d. Stappen
  64. 64. Human-thermostat collaboration Olivier van Duuren, Sam Kragtwijk, Laura Maron, Ayesha Nabila, Wouter v d Wouden, Tjalke Zijlstra
  65. 65. Human-thermostat collaboration Bram Rolvink, Adam van Heerde, San San Nguyen, Nesrin Günes, Siebren de Vos, Jordy Alblas & Bern
  66. 66. Human-system collaboration TU Delft I Interactive Technology Design & Explore Lab prototypes
  67. 67. t Shaping future everyday life
  68. 68. Shaping future everyday life
  69. 69. Thank you Lenneke Kuijer, s.c.kuijer@tue.nl
  70. 70. References/further reading • Kuijer, L. and Giaccardi, E., Co-performance: Conceptualizing the Role of Artificial Agency in the Design of Everyday Life in Human- Computer Interaction, (Montréal, QC, Canada., 2018), ACM. • Kuijer, L. Automated artefacts as co-performers of social practices: washing machines, laundering and design. in Maller, C. and Strengers, Y. eds. Social Practices and Nonhumans: Nature, materials and technologies, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. • Gatherer, Derek, Lenneke Kuijer and Ida Nilstad Pettersen. " By their [data] you will know them"–Historical reflections on capturing patterns in everyday life." Everyday Futures (2016): 59. • Strengers, Y. and Nicholls, L. Convenience and energy consumption in the smart home of the future: Industry visions from Australia and beyond. Energy Research & Social Science, 32. 86-93.
  71. 71. BioFidget: Biofeedback for Respiration Training Using an Augmented Fidget Spinner Rong-Hao Liang Bin Yu Mengru Xue Jun Hu Loe M. G. Feijs Department of Industrial Design Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands
  72. 72. What were your stressful moments?
  73. 73. Slow and Steady Deep Breathing, 6 cycles / min Lehrer, P. M., Vaschillo, E., and Vaschillo, B. Resonant frequency biofeedback training to increase cardiac variability: Rationale and manual for training. Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback 25, 3 (2000), 177–191. RespirationTraining is Clinical-Proven in Stress Reduction,
  74. 74. Slow and Steady Deep Breathing, 6 cycles / min Lehrer, P. M., Vaschillo, E., and Vaschillo, B. Resonant frequency biofeedback training to increase cardiac variability: Rationale and manual for training. Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback 25, 3 (2000), 177–191. RespirationTraining is Clinical-Proven in Stress Reduction, but People Usually Drops Out.
  75. 75. Stretch Sensor for Breath Sensing ImprovingEngagement Respiration Training with Biofeedback
  76. 76. Stretch Sensor for Breath Sensing Respiration Heart Rate Variability (HRV) (The variation in the Inter-beat Interval)
  77. 77. Stretch Sensor for Breath Sensing ImprovingEngagement Respiration Training with Biofeedback of Respiration and Heart Rate Variability (HRV) Information
  78. 78. ImprovingEngagement Photoplethysmograph (PPG) for Heart RateVariability Sensing Stretch Sensor for Respiration Sensing Stretch Sensor for Breath Sensing Providing User-Friendly Biofeedback, but Requires Bio-sensors to be Worn.
  79. 79. ImprovingEngagement Photoplethysmograph (PPG) for Heart RateVariability Sensing Stretch Sensor for Respiration Sensing Stretch Sensor for Breath Sensing Providing User-Friendly Biofeedback, but Requires Bio-sensors to be Worn. Would you put these sensors on, when you are stressed?
  80. 80. FidgetSpinner
  81. 81. FidgetSpinner … “fidget spinners and other self-regulatory occupational therapy toys have yet to be subjected to rigorous scientific research. Thus, their alleged benefits remain scientifically unfounded.” Schecter, Rachel A., et al. "Fidget spinners: Purported benefits, adverse effects and accepted alternatives."  Current opinion in pediatrics 29.5 (2017): 616-618.
  82. 82. BioFidget:AugmentedFidgetSpinner without Requiring Additional Sensors to be Worn That Senses HRV and Respiration and Provides Biofeedback
  83. 83. RedesigningFidgetSpinner To Meet Both Technical Validity and Playfulness Playfulness Technical Validity&
  84. 84. RedesigningFidgetSpinner To Meet Both Technical Validity and Playfulness Pad Pad Wing
  85. 85. RedesigningFidgetSpinner To Meet Both Technical Validity and Playfulness Pad Pad Wing PPG Sensor Micro-controller
  86. 86. RedesigningFidgetSpinner To Meet Both Technical Validity and Playfulness PPG Sensor Micro-controller Hall Sensor Magnets
  87. 87. RedesigningFidgetSpinner To Meet Both Technical Validity and Playfulness PPG Sensor Micro-controller Hall Sensor Magnets N
  88. 88. RedesigningFidgetSpinner To Meet Both Technical Validity and Playfulness Hall Sensor Magnets N NeoPixel Ring
  89. 89. RedesigningFidgetSpinner To Meet Both Technical Validity and Playfulness NeoPixel Ring Accelerometer
  90. 90. RedesigningFidgetSpinner To Meet Both Technical Validity and Playfulness
  91. 91. RedesigningFidgetSpinner To Meet Both Technical Validity and Playfulness
  92. 92. SignalProcessing Signal Pipeline PPG Sensor Hall Sensor DisplayMicro-controller (500Hz Sampling) Heart RateVariability Respiration Action PPG Sensor Signals Hall Sensor Signals PC
  93. 93. For respiration training BioFeedback Signals Guidance and Feedback
  94. 94. Breathing Guidance
  95. 95. HRV Status BioFeedback Display Heart RateVariability Inter-Beat Interval Heartbeat
  96. 96. TwowaysofRespirationTraining 3-min Respiration Trainings in a static context Flicks the spinner while exhaling Blows on the spinner by exhaling
  97. 97. Flicks the spinner while exhaling Blows on the spinner by exhaling 3-min Respiration Trainings in a static context TwowaysofRespirationTraining
  98. 98. Flicks the spinner while exhaling Blows on the spinner by exhaling 3-min Respiration Trainings in a static context TwowaysofRespirationTraining
  99. 99. Exhalation quality BioFeedback Respiration Display
  100. 100. 0 60 120 0 60 120 (s) revolution speed revolution acceleration acceleration interbeat interval blood volume pulse interbeat interval blood volume pulse sensorsonfidgetspinnerbaseline HallAPPGPPG Accelerometer 0 60 120 0 60 120 (s) revolution speed revolution acceleration acceleration interbeat interval blood volume pulse interbeat interval blood volume pulse sensorsonfidgetspinnerbaseline HallAPPGPPG (s) Flicks the spinner while exhaling Blows on the spinner by exhaling TechnicalValidity Results
  101. 101. Accelerometer 0 60 120 0 60 120 (s) revolution speed revolution acceleration acceleration interbeat interval blood volume pulse interbeat interval blood volume pulse sensorsonfidgetspinnerbaseline HallAPPGPPG 0 60 120 0 60 120 (s) revolution speed revolution acceleration acceleration interbeat interval blood volume pulse interbeat interval blood volume pulse sensorsonfidgetspinnerbaseline HallAPPGPPG (s) 2X 2X Flicks the spinner while exhaling Blows on the spinner by exhaling TechnicalValidity Results
  102. 102. Accelerometer 0 60 120 0 60 120 (s) revolution speed revolution acceleration acceleration interbeat interval blood volume pulse interbeat interval blood volume pulse sensorsonfidgetspinnerbaseline HallAPPGPPG 0 60 120 0 60 120 (s) revolution speed revolution acceleration acceleration interbeat interval blood volume pulse interbeat interval blood volume pulse sensorsonfidgetspinnerbaseline HallAPPGPPG (s) 2X 2X Corrupted Flicks the spinner while exhaling Blows on the spinner by exhaling TechnicalValidity Results
  103. 103. FunctionalExtension Adding a clip to stabilize HRV sensing Without a clip With a clip
  104. 104. UserStudy PPG sensor #2 (baseline) respiration training in a personally comfortable way Without a clip With a clip
  105. 105. Without a clip With a clip PPG sensor #2 (baseline) UserStudy respiration training in a personally comfortable way
  106. 106. RMSSDLF/HF 1. Respiration Training was Effective in Both Flick and Blow Sessions. Stress Reduced Heart-rate regulation improved QuantitativeResults Before After
  107. 107. 17181920212223242526272829303132 with a clip (BioFidget) 17181920212223242526272829303132 with a clip (BioFidget) 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 111213141516 baseline (PPG #2) without a clip (BioFidget) 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 111213141516 baseline (PPG #2) without a clip (BioFidget) Participant ID QuantitativeResults 2. The Clip Stabilized the HRV Sensing and Enabled Blowing Input PPG sensor #2 (baseline)
  108. 108. Flicking Detected Blowing Detected QuantitativeResults Strategy of HRV data collection
  109. 109. 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 500 400 300 200 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 500 400 300 200 window size (ms) accuracy detectionrate 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 500 400 300 200 300 270 240 210 180 150 120 90 60 window size (ms) 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 500 400 300 200 recall window size (ms) window size (ms) Recall: FlickingRecall: BlowingAction Detection RateAccuracy: Overall recall minimal velocity (rpm) QuantitativeResults 3. Actions were Reliably Recognized (with High Recall of Blowing Recognition) W d Vmax Vmax Resultsofactivityrecognitionusingdasfeature W = 500ms;Vmax ≥ 60rpm: 87.9% accuracy; 96.2% detection rate. W W W W
  110. 110. 31(outof32)participants: ThebreathingguidancethroughthelightonBioFidgetwasclearandeasytoperceive. 20participants: Spinningthefidgetmadethemfeelrelaxedandmoreabletofocusonthebreathingguidance. 26participants: Thefeedbackengagedandmotivatedthemtoperformbetterinbreathingtraining. UserFeedback General responses
  111. 111. “IfeelimmersedintheexperiencewhenIwasstaringatthedevice”(P19) “itmademefeelengagedandthusencouragedmetospinitfaster,”(P14,P23,P25) “Ipreferredtoseeacolorfullightinsteadoftheredone,whichmotivatedmetoblowonit harder.”(P30,P31) “itwasanamusingvisualizationandalsoarewardformyperformance.”(P1). ”toreleasemystress”(P8),“clearmymind”(P4),and“makememoreconsciousaboutmy breathing”(P9). “Ibreathedsloweranddeeperwithitsfeedback.Ibelieveitishelpfultoadjustmy breathing,”(P9)and“ithelpsintrainingmylungcapacity”(P1). “Ireallylikethistangiblewaytomanipulatingthisdevice”(P1). “Thisinnovationisbasedontherightobjectandmakeitmoreuseful”(P15). UserFeedback Individual responses
  112. 112. BioFidget: Biofeedback for Respiration Training Using an Augmented Fidget Spinner Rong-Hao Liang Bin Yu Mengru Xue Jun Hu Loe M. G. Feijs Department of Industrial Design Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands ProjectPage:http://tinyurl.com/CHI18BioFidget BioFidget: a smart fidget spinner that detects stress directly and provides a biofeedback intervention for respiration training
  113. 113. RIPPLE THERMOSTAT AFFECTING THE EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE THROUGH FORCE FEEDBACK & SHAPE CHANGE Anke van Oosterhout | Miguel Bruns | Satu Jumisko-Pyykkö
  114. 114. HOW CAN WE DESIGN FOR INTERACTION WITH SYSTEMS THAT BECOME MORE INTELLIGENT AND ADAPTIVE? WHY?
  115. 115. TANGIBLE INTERACTION Haptic Force Feedback & Shape Change
  116. 116. How will interaction mediated by the display, force feedback and shape change affect the emotional experience? STUDY 1: MODALITY EXPERIMENT
  117. 117. STUDY 3x3 within subject | 32 participants TASK Increase the temperature from 10 to 22 degrees
  118. 118. MEASURES Emotional experience (SAM) Valence (pleasure) | Arousal (excitement) | Dominance (feeling of control) AttrakDiff questionnaire Interview
  119. 119. RESULTS FORCE FEEDBACK Affects the experienced dominance (feeling of control) SHAPE CHANGE Affects the experienced arousal (excitement)
  120. 120. CO-DESIGN STUDY How can force feedback and shape change convey affective meaning in a human-computer dialogue?
  121. 121. SCENARIOS Participants designed the behavior of the thermostat for 3 scenarios supporting energy savings
  122. 122. SCENARIO 1 Results | Shape Change
  123. 123. SCENARIO 2 Results | Shape Change
  124. 124. SCENARIO 3 Results | Shape Change
  125. 125. SUMMARY Force feedback has the potential to mediate control in a human-computer dialogue Shape change can be used to convey basic emotional expressions in a human-computer dialogue Force feedback and shape change could extend the interaction vocabulary of everyday intelligent systems and make interaction more intuitive and intelligible.

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