Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Comprehensive Behavioral Consultation Presentation

Behavioral consultation is a four-stage problem-solving model that involves the cooperative efforts of two or more persons to clarify a student's needs and develop and implement appropriate strategies for intervention. This approach facilitates the development of reports which serve to effectively and efficiently communicate assessment and treatment data with clients, serve as a source of hypotheses and interventions, and provide a baseline for evaluating progress and any future behavioral changes. Further, the systematic and comprehensive documentation of treatment approaches and outcomes translates to increased accountability for practitioners.

Looking for customized in-house training sessions that fit your needs, particularly in the Philippines? Please send me an email at clarencegapostol@gmail.com or WhatsApp +971507678124. When your request is received I will follow up with you as soon as possible.Thank you!

  • Be the first to comment

Comprehensive Behavioral Consultation Presentation

  1. 1. BEHAVIORAL CONSULTATION and COLLABORATION Slides created by Clarence G. Apostol MA in Counseling Psychology De La Salle University-Manila CLG 543M: Consultation with Individuals and Groups
  2. 2. Scenario  A general education teacher seeks consultation from a school psychologist on a 1st grade student (Billy) who is experiencing off-task behavior such as getting out of his seat often and talking to neighbors during classroom instructional times.
  3. 3. Introduction  Introduced by John Bergan in 1977 (Watson et. al, 1997)  Evolved from behavioral paradigm based on Positivism ( Henning-Stout, 1993)  Applies BehavioralTechnology to the consultation process (Elliot & Busse, 1993).  Expanding application of behavioral technology to mental health and educational concerns (Noel, 1996).  Consultant needs to be skilled in behavioral theory and practice (Kratochwill & Bergan, 1990)
  4. 4. Introduction  Behavioral Psychologist B.F. Skinner and Albert Bandura  Behavioral psychology stresses the principles of learning in understanding how behavior acquired and changed.  Behavior models of consultation are based on the idea that because most behavior is learned, it can be unlearned and new behavior can take its place.  Behavioral consultation can be used in a variety of settings including mental health centers, schools, and other human service organizations.
  5. 5. Definition:  Behavioral consultation is a problem- solving process that has its foundation in the behavioral theory/ psychology  It involves a relationship whereby services consistent with a behavioral orientation are provided to a client through the mediation of important others in that client’s environment.That is, indirect service (Keller, 1981).
  6. 6. Historical Background 1900 John Watson Behavioral School Psychology Mid 1970’s 1940 BF Skinner Operant Conditioning 1960 Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory 1970-1980 Behavioral Ecology Systems Theory Cognitive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Movement
  7. 7. Four (4) Characteristics (Kratochwill et el., 2002;Vernberg & Repucci, 1986).  The use of indirect service client system. (delivery models)  Reliance on behavioral technology principles throughout the consultation process (to design; to assess the consultative interventions)  Diversity of interventions goals ranging from solving problematic situation to enhance competence to empowering (Problem-solving orientation)  Changes aimed at various targets in different settings (individual, groups, organizations, and communities).
  8. 8. Characteristics of BC (Henning-Stout, 1993, pp.25-26). 1. All behaviors are learned. 2. Change of social behaviors can be explained through observation of functional introduction of the individual behaviors and the environment. 3. Assessment of intervention’ and evaluation of its effectiveness are directly linked. 4. Behaviors of focus must be observable, measurable, and quantifiable. 5. Environmental background provide points for initiating change. 6. Understanding and intervening with behavior, are guided and modified according to the data collected, reflecting the frequency, intensity, or duration of that behavior. 7. One person’s behavior to be changed; behaviors in other individuals interacting within the environment must also be modified.
  9. 9. Three forms of Behavioral Consultation tend to follow a set of problem-solving sequence (Kratockwill,Elliot,& Callan-Stoiber,2002):  Description of the problem in behavioral terms  A functional analysis of the problem and consequences.  Selection of a target behavior  Generation of behavioral objectives  Design and implementation of a behavior change plan  Evaluation of the process
  10. 10. Principles of behavior change Behavioral consultation assumes that behavior is lawful and that changing the consequences of behavior by using the principles of learning produces a change in behavior. Used principles for the behavioral change are reinforcement, punishment, extinction, shaping, and modeling etc.
  11. 11. Emphasis on current influence on behavior. The consultant believes that the current behaviors constitute the problem in a particular situation  By focusing on the current behaviors the behavioral consultation will be able to discriminate between existing and desire behavior
  12. 12. THE CONSULTATION PROCESS
  13. 13. Overview Behavioral consultation can take three forms  Behavioral case consultation  Behavioral technology training  Behavioral system consultation All three forms have the following characteristics  Indirect service to the client system  Use of behavioral technology principles throughout the consultation process  A problem-solving orientation  Empirical validation of intervention
  14. 14. Model 1: Behavioral Case Consultation  In behavioral case consultation a consultant provides direct, behavior- based service to a consultee concerning the management of a client or group of clients.  Behavioral case consultation consists of a series of four stages that provide form and focus to the problem solving engaged in by the consultant and consultee.
  15. 15. The Four stages  Identifying the problem  Analyzing the problem  Implementing a treatment  Evaluating the treatment
  16. 16. Consultation Goal Use consultant’s expertise in the principles of learning to manage the consultee’s management of the case. That is, to help the consultee make positive changes in the client’s environment and therefore in the client’s behavior.
  17. 17. Consultant Function And Roles  Behavioral consultant use a systematic problem-solving process to assist consultees with their clients.  The consultant guides the consultee’s behavior through the use of selected types of verbalizations.  Management of the consultation process by using verbal skills in structuring the consultant-consultee interaction is therefore the major task of the consultant.
  18. 18. These are the skills using in the consultation process.  Verbal InteractionTechnique  Message Source  Message Content  Message Process  Message Control
  19. 19. Consultee Experience in Consultation  The consultee expected to work with the consultant toward the successful completion of the consultation process and to be actively involved in the problem-solving process.  The consultee’s four primary duties in the consultation process are to specify or describe, evaluate or decide, provide direct services to the client, and supervise client’s actions.
  20. 20. Application: Consultant Techniques And Procedures  Both types of behavioral case consultation-development and problem centered-concern changes in clients behavior.  There are four stages to the behavioral consultation process  Problem Identification Stage  Problem Analysis Stage  Plan Implementation Stage  Treatment Evaluation Stage
  21. 21. Model 2: BehavioralTechnology Training  When consultees seek to increase general usage of behavioral technology principles when working with clients (Kratochwill and Pittman 2002).  Consultants train consultees in general behavioral principles or specific behavioral technology skills (Bergan & Kratochwill,1990;Watson & Robinson, 1996) or both (Elliot & Busse, 1993;Vernberg & Reppucci, 1986).
  22. 22.  “One common format for technology training is teacher skill development that focuses on teaching specific information such as assessment techniques, discipline or child management tactics, the process of consultation, or a combination” (Kratochwill and Pittman 2002).
  23. 23. Justifications for its Existence  Consultees who use behavioral technology are frequently successful.  An understanding of behavioral technology increases the likelihood that behavioral programs will be implemented appropriately.  Consultees who understand behavioral technology are likely to generalize it to new situations and thus enhance other aspects of their lives.
  24. 24. Goals  Is increased consultee competence in the use of general and/or specific behavioral technology procedures.  The consultee is a trainee expected to apply learned procedures with appropriate work related concerns.  The steps involved are conducting a needs assessment, planning the training, performing it, and evaluating it.  There is strong empirical evidence that behavioral technology training of consultees lead to improve client behavior (Vernberg & Reppucci, 1986)
  25. 25. Problems Encountered  Whether it is generalized to settings beyond the training and whether consultees continue to use training in intended environments (Elliott & Busse, 1993)  Behavioral technology training can be a particularly important in the schools.
  26. 26. Sometimes the teachers give up easily for the following reason: 1) Teachers using behavioral are responsible for solutions to the problem, though not for the child’s problem 2) Teacher’s working knowledge of behavioral technology is limited 3) The underlying assumptions of behavioral technology may be at odds with teachers’ explanations of human conduct (Rosenfield, 2002a).
  27. 27. Some suggestions for consultants:  They should be seen as resources for classroom practice and need to encourage teachers to be resource persons among themselves.  Because the language of behavior modification can cause a clash of values, consultants need to choose meaningful and acceptable words in behavior technology training.  Teachers need to be in control of the use of behavioral technology and see interventions as congruent with their values.
  28. 28. Model 3: Behavioral System Consultation  In behavioral system consultation, behavioral technology principles are applied to a social system (Lewis and Newcomer, 2002;Williams, 2000)  The goal of behavioral system consultation is to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of a system in terms of its stated functions and to focus on the process and structure of the system itself (Curtis & Stollar, 1996)
  29. 29.  The two steps are defining the system structure and defining the system process.  In defining the structure the consultant and the consultee work as collaborators.  In defining the process of a system the consultant and consultee define the system’s parameters in terms of behavior of the system’s members.
  30. 30.  Behavioral Ecology, which states that human are part of a multilevel system called ecology environment (Willems, 1974) is a mix of individual approaches derived from traditional behavior modification and ecological approaches that study environments and social systems. (Jeger & Slotnick 1982)  Behavioral ecology assumes that the settings in which individuals operate are interdependent.
  31. 31. The relationship between consultant and consultee:  As in other types of behavioral consultation, the consultant acts as an expert, but in behavior system consultation the consultant must be an expert in the specifics of systems theory and behavioral ecology.  The nature of the consultation relationship is collaborative; consultees participate to the degree their skills and knowledge permit.  The consultee’s most important function is that decision maker.
  32. 32.  In system definition, the consultant and consultee gather information about the behavior of members of the system relative to the system’s goals and structures  There are two steps of defining the system structure and defining the system process.
  33. 33.  In determining the structure of a system, the consultant and consultee or the collaborators define systems parameters with regard time and space. Including such variables as physical setting and boundaries, environmental design, number of system members, and polices and procedures  In determining the process of a system, the consultant and consultee or the collaborators define the system’s parameters in terms of the behavior of the system’s members including such variables as assessment functions, intervention functions, evaluation functions, communication functions.
  34. 34.  Once the system’s structural and process factors are known, it is time to assess the system in terms of those factors.  The consultant and consultee or collaborators then use three steps in system intervention to eliminate structural and process limitations: 1. they prioritize system needs 2. specify behavioral outcomes goals, 3. design and implement an intervention program
  35. 35. System Evaluation  In system evaluation, the consultant and the consultee evaluate the intervention program operations and system change.  In evaluating the operations of the intervention program, the parties involved determine whether the program was implemented in the way intended and with the results expected.
  36. 36. WRITING COMPREHENSIVE BEHAVIORAL CONSULTATION REPORTS  To summarize behavioral consultation services  Accurately convey the information that was gathered, to create a formal document that will help future service providers who might work with the client,  To articulate consequential and antecedent behaviors that clearly link to solving a problem behavior,  And to clearly demonstrate, via tables or graphs of baseline and treatment data, whether the goals of consultation have been met.
  37. 37. CRITICAL ELEMENTS IN BEHAVIORAL CONSULTATION REPORTWRITING 1. Identifying information: 2. Reason for referral 3. Consent 4. Problem-solving Techniques 5. Background Information 6. Problem Identification 7. Data Collection Methodology 8. Problem Analysis 9. Baseline Data Presentation 10. Problem Definition 11. Goal Definition 12. Treatment Implementation 13. SummativeTreatment Evaluation 14. Progress Monitoring Data Presentation 15. FormativeTreatment Evaluation 16. Summary 17. Recommendations 18. Signature
  38. 38. References:  Dougherty,A. M. (2009). Psychological consultation and collaboration in school and community settings. (5th edition). Belmont, CA:Wadsworth/Thomson.  Brickman,T.M., Segool, N.K., Pham,A.V., & Carlson, J.S. (2007).Writing Comprehensive Behavioral Consultation Reports: Critical Elements, International Journal of Behavioral Consultation andTherapy, 3 (3), 372-383.

    Be the first to comment

    Login to see the comments

  • ggg_apostol

    Oct. 21, 2015
  • AlohiLani

    Jun. 9, 2016
  • maelod

    Jan. 9, 2018
  • KarenGailComia

    Jul. 4, 2018
  • LisaYates22

    Apr. 24, 2020

Behavioral consultation is a four-stage problem-solving model that involves the cooperative efforts of two or more persons to clarify a student's needs and develop and implement appropriate strategies for intervention. This approach facilitates the development of reports which serve to effectively and efficiently communicate assessment and treatment data with clients, serve as a source of hypotheses and interventions, and provide a baseline for evaluating progress and any future behavioral changes. Further, the systematic and comprehensive documentation of treatment approaches and outcomes translates to increased accountability for practitioners. Looking for customized in-house training sessions that fit your needs, particularly in the Philippines? Please send me an email at clarencegapostol@gmail.com or WhatsApp +971507678124. When your request is received I will follow up with you as soon as possible.Thank you!

Views

Total views

6,055

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

18

Actions

Downloads

0

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

5

×