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7. prison turmoil 1970s

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his California Corrections System course materials.

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7. prison turmoil 1970s

  1. 1. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103The California Department ofCorrectionsThe Turbulent SIXTIES AND SEVENTIESAND THE DECLINE OF REHABILITATION
  2. 2. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103The development of organized inmateresistance
  3. 3. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Major events of the 1960s and 70s• The case of CarylChessman• The development ofprison gangs• Establishment of theBlack Muslim prisongroup at San Quentin• Use of the inmate strike• San Quentin race riot of1967• General inmate strike atSan Quentin in 1968• Formation of thePrisoners Rights Union
  4. 4. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Major events of the 1960s and 70s Killing of guard John Mills atSoledad 1970 “Soledad Brothers” charged Storming of the Marin Countycourthouse (August 7, 1970) Folsom Prison Strike and theprisoner manifesto (November1970) Uprising at New York’s AtticaState Prison (May 1971) Death of George Jackson(August 1971)
  5. 5. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Wave of Violence 1970 -71 January 16, 1970 – prison guard was thrown from thethird tier at Soledad in retaliation for the shooting deathsof three inmates a few days earlier 1970 – 1971 – three additional guards were stabbed todeath at Soledad by inmates Another officer stabbed while guarding witnesses toSoledad officer’s murder August 21, 1971 three guards and three inmates,including George Jackson, were killed at San Quentinduring aborted escape attempt.

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