6. special needs offenders - substance abusers

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his Community Corrections and Sentencing course materials.

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6. special needs offenders - substance abusers

  1. 1. Special Needs Offenders Challenges of Community Treatment 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  2. 2. Successful Treatment Providing support, understanding, andmotivation to promote short and long term behavior change 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  3. 3. Special Needs Offenders in the Community• Substance abuser• Sex offender• Mentally ill• Developmentally disabled• Lifestyle offenders• Homeless offenders• Chronic unemployed offenders 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  4. 4. Types of Commonly Abused Substances• Alcohol• Stimulants• Hallucinogens• Depressants• Opiates• Marijuana 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  5. 5. Types of Drug Users• Experimenters• Floaters• Compulsive users 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  6. 6. Substance Abuse Intervention Models• Strict Abstinence with immediate Sanctions• Harm Reduction with permissible relapse 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  7. 7. Common Substance Abuse Treatment Methods• Drug testing• Alcoholic/Narcotics Anonymous• Behavior modification• Outpatient Treatment• Methadone Treatment• Residential Treatment• Therapeutic Community 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  8. 8. Examples of Treatment ModelsMethadone Treatment Therapeutic Community• Administered orally • 18-24 month program• Longer lasting effects • High end offenders• Combines in-patient and • Rigidly structured environment outpatient care • Uses peer pressure and• Monitored through testing confrontation • Focuses on re-socialization 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  9. 9. Effectiveness of Drug Treatment• Non-prison treatment seven times more effective than punitive sentencing• Two to three times more effective than traditional shorter sentences (1996 Rand Study) 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  10. 10. Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act of 2000 (Proposition 36)• Passed by 61% of California voters• Mandated new approach to treatment of substance abusers on probation and parole• Prioritized treatment over incarceration 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  11. 11. Key Terms: Substance Abuse• Drug of Choice • Psychological dependence• Poly drug user • Physiological dependence• Substance abuse • comorbidity• Substance dependence• Detoxification• Tolerance 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013

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