5. women and the california prison system

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his California Corrections System course materials.

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5. women and the california prison system

  1. 1. Women and early California prisons 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  2. 2. The special challenges of women inmates• Housed in separate facility on the grounds of San Quentin• Substandard living conditions• Limited vocational/educational options• Primarily employed for domestic institutional chores (suitable for their true female nature)• Easy targets for exploitation• No means of classification or separation 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  3. 3. Guiding principles of female prison reform in California• Separation of women prisoners from men• Provision of differential care• Management of women’s prison by female staff• Location in rural areas 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  4. 4. Women’s Christian Temperance Union leads the way Argued that women quarters at San Quentin was being used as a brothel 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  5. 5. Efforts to establish separate women’s facility• Means of protecting men from spread of venereal disease• California Industrial Farm for Women at Sonoma (1922 - opened for 1 year)• Through efforts of WCTU a new women’s building was created at San Quentin with capacity of 120 inmates in 1927• 1933 California Institution for Women opened at Tehachapi opened• 1935 a voter initiative established CIW as a separate institution with independent board of trustees 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  6. 6. California Institution for Women atTehachapi established as separate womens reformatory (1935) First all women’s prison in California 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  7. 7. California Institution for Women atTehachapi established as separate womens reformatory (1935) First all women’s prison in California 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013

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