5. intermediate sanctions II

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his Community Corrections and Sentencing course materials.

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5. intermediate sanctions II

  1. 1. Intermediate SanctionsThe elements of community corrections 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  2. 2. Intermediate SanctionsA range of punishments that fall between probation and prison (Alarid, Cromwell, & Del Carmen) 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  3. 3. 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.orgSan Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  4. 4. Community Corrections and the Criminal Justice Process Arrest and Booking • Pretrial Release: Financial • Pretrial Release: Nonfinancial Arraignment (Within 72 Hours) Preliminary Hearing • Actuarial Risk Assessment Trial • Residential intermediate sanctions Sentencing • Nonresidential intermediate sanctions 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  5. 5. Pretrial ReleaseThe release of a defendant awaiting trial after an arrest 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  6. 6. Types of pretrial release: Financial•Property Bond•Deposit Bond•Full Cash Bond•Surety Bond (bail bondsman) 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  7. 7. Types of Pretrial Release: Nonfinancial• Release on Recognizance• Conditional Release• Unsecure Bond 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  8. 8. Standard Criteria for Release• Seriousness of the crime• Likelihood to appear• Risk of committing new crime 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  9. 9. Pretrial Release Conditions• Report regularly to a pretrial agency• Maintaining a stable residence• Finding employment• Having a third party accept custody or supervision• Participating in drug or alcohol treatment• Obeying curfew• No interactions with witnesses of codefendants 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  10. 10. Most Common Method of Pretrial Release• Surety Bonds = 37%• Release on Recognizance = 26%• Conditional Release = 14%• Deposit Bond = 10%• Unsecured Bonds = 9%• Full Cash Bonds = 2% 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  11. 11. Widening the NetWhen an individual who should have receivedprobation is sentenced to a harsher intermediatesanction only because the offenders requires moreintensive supervision (Alarid, Cromwell, & Del Carmen) 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  12. 12. Actuarial Risk AssessmentMeasures static and dynamic factors:•Degree of dangerousness•Potential for future criminal behaviorDivides offenders into categories:•Low•Medium•High 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  13. 13. Post Sentencing: Intermediate SanctionsNonresidential:•Community service•Restitution•Fine•Day Fine•Intensive supervision•Home confinement•Shock incarceration•Differential supervision•Day reporting center 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  14. 14. Post Sentencing: Intermediate SanctionsResidential:•Halfway Houses•Shock Incarceration•Restitution Centers•Work Furlough•Therapeutic Communities 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  15. 15. RelapseWhen an offender with a substance abuseproblem returns to using alcohol or drugs 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013

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