5. delinquency and modern science

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his Juvenile Justice course materials.

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5. delinquency and modern science

  1. 1. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Modern Science and IndividualCausationBiochemicalNeurological
  2. 2. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103BiochemistryThe study of the chemical processes in livingorganisms
  3. 3. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Biochemical reactions and behavior• Biochemical reactions occur constantly• Good health means all chemical reactions occurringnormally• Changes in chemical reactions affect other chemicalreactions leading to physical symptoms and or emotionalsymptoms.• The sequence of chemical reactions is called a chemicalpathway or metabolic pathway• Adverse reactions can be naturally occurring orartificially induced
  4. 4. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103NeurologicalThe medical science that deals with thenervous system and disorders affecting it.
  5. 5. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Neurological disordersFetal Alcohol Syndrome• Smaller heads• Deformed facial features• Abnormal joints and limbs• Poor coordination• Problems with learning• Short memoriesNeurological disorders arecaused by damage to thebrain which can adverselyimpact the person’sbehavior
  6. 6. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD)• Lack of attention• Impulsivity• Hyperactivity
  7. 7. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Psychological Theories ofDelinquencyPsychoanalyticBehavioralCognitive
  8. 8. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Psychoanalytic Theory and DelinquencySigmund Freud 1856-1939• Unconscious conflicts• Childhood traumas• Family abuse• Neurosis• Psychosis
  9. 9. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Behavioral Theory and Delinquency• Past experiences• Stimuli• Rewards andPunishments
  10. 10. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Cognitive Development Theory and DelinquencySensorimotor: (birth to about age 2)Preoperational: (begins about thetime the child starts to talk to aboutage 7)Concrete: (about first grade to earlyadolescence)Formal Operations: (adolescence)Jean Piaget (1896-1980)

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