10. california’s prison industrial complex and the perpetual crisis

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his California Corrections System course materials.

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10. california’s prison industrial complex and the perpetual crisis

  1. 1. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103California’s Prison IndustrialComplex and the Perpetual CrisisPolitics of mass incarceration
  2. 2. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103California Prison Population 1851-2010(rate per 100,000)
  3. 3. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103California criminal justice expenditures, 1982/83-present, in constant 2010 dollars per capita
  4. 4. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Percent of California adults undercorrectional supervision, 1983-2008
  5. 5. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103The GovernorsJerry Brown(1975-1983)George Deukmejian(1983-1991)
  6. 6. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103The GovernorsPete Wilson(1991-1999)Gray Davis(1999-2003)
  7. 7. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103The GovernorsArnold Schwarzenegger(2003 –2010)Jerry Brown(2011-present)
  8. 8. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Major events of the 1990s• 1990 Governor Deukmejians Blue Ribbon CommissionReport on Inmate Population Management issued• Rise of the prison interest groups as a political force• Passage of over 1000 sentencing enhancement laws• 1994 Three Strikes Law passed
  9. 9. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Prison Guards as prison interest group 1957 CCPOA Founded 1980s prison expansion fills theunion’s ranks 1984 – 1995 membershipincreases from 5000 to 33,000under leadership of Don Novey Union goals – increase salaries,promote job stability, and improveworking conditions Union adopts aggressive politicalstrategy to increase prisonpopulation Victims rights movement funded topromote prison expansion CCPOA and affiliates promoteharsher sentencing lawsculminating in passage of 3 strikes
  10. 10. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103
  11. 11. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103CCPOA Influence on the Prison IndustrialComplex• 31,000 members pay $59.42 per month to the CCPOA.• Union dues total $21.9 million per year.• 65% of that money goes to operations.• 35% goes of the budget funds political activities• The political budget flows out in 6 main directions.• CCPOA pays for public relations.• CCPOA pays for lobbying services.• CCPOA funds affiliate groups.• CCPOA contributes “soft money” to political parties, political events,debates.• CCPOA gives direct contributions to candidates.• Election winners support the CCPOA political agenda.• Tough on crime legislation fuels expansion of the correctional system.• Expanded correctional system adds membership to the CCPOA.
  12. 12. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103California Correctional Peace OfficersAssociation as successful union• California prison guards are highest paid in the US –average salary $73,000 – (not including overtime).• Retire after 30 years at 90% salary• Automatic monthly bonus for completing a physicalfitness exam• Seniority primary basis for job selection
  13. 13. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103California Prison Lobby• CCPOA• California District Attorney’s Association• Crime Victims United• Doris Tate Crime Victims Group• California Sheriff’s Association• Narcotics Officers Association• Police Chiefs Association
  14. 14. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103Sacramento Prison IndustryLobbyistsCalifornia Peace Officers AssociationCalifornia Police Chiefs AssociationCalifornia Narcotic OfficersAssociationCalifornia Association of CodeEnforcement OfficersCalifornia Association of HealthUnderwritersCalifornia Correctional SupervisorsOrganizationLos Angeles District Attorney
  15. 15. www.cjcj.org© Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 201340 Boardman PlaceSan Francisco, CA 94103The Future of California’s CorrectionsSystem• Impact of Plata/Coleman v Brown(2002 & 1994)• Sentencing reform• Parole reform• Realignment

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