California’s Prison IndustrialComplex and the Perpetual Crisis      Politics of mass incarceration           40 Boardman P...
California Prison Population 1851-2010                (rate per 100,000)            40 Boardman Place                     ...
California criminal justice expenditures, 1982/83-  present, in constant 2010 dollars per capita                40 Boardma...
Percent of California adults undercorrectional supervision, 1983-2008           40 Boardman Place                         ...
The GovernorsJerry Brown                      George Deukmejian (1975-1983)                     (1983-1991)               ...
The GovernorsPete Wilson                     Gray Davis(1991-1999)                     (1999-2003)              40 Boardma...
The GovernorsArnold Schwarzenegger                     Jerry Brown(2003 –2010)                              (2011-present)...
Major events of the 1990s• 1990 Governor Deukmejians Blue Ribbon Commission  Report on Inmate Population Management issued...
Prison Guards as prison interest group 1957 CCPOA Founded 1980s prison expansion fills the  union’s ranks 1984 – 1995 m...
40 Boardman Place                                    www.cjcj.orgSan Francisco, CA 94103   © Center on Juvenile and Crimin...
CCPOA Influence on the Prison Industrial                      Complex•   31,000 members pay $59.42 per month to the CCPOA....
California Correctional Peace Officers      Association as successful union• California prison guards are highest paid in ...
California Prison Lobby•   CCPOA•   California District Attorney’s Association•   Crime Victims United•   Doris Tate Crime...
Sacramento Prison IndustryLobbyistsCalifornia Peace Officers AssociationCalifornia Police Chiefs AssociationCalifornia ...
The Future of California’s Corrections                    System•   Impact of Plata/Coleman v Brown(2002 & 1994)•   Senten...
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10. california’s prison industrial complex and the perpetual crisis

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his California Corrections System course materials.

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10. california’s prison industrial complex and the perpetual crisis

  1. 1. California’s Prison IndustrialComplex and the Perpetual Crisis Politics of mass incarceration 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  2. 2. California Prison Population 1851-2010 (rate per 100,000) 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  3. 3. California criminal justice expenditures, 1982/83- present, in constant 2010 dollars per capita 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  4. 4. Percent of California adults undercorrectional supervision, 1983-2008 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  5. 5. The GovernorsJerry Brown George Deukmejian (1975-1983) (1983-1991) 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  6. 6. The GovernorsPete Wilson Gray Davis(1991-1999) (1999-2003) 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  7. 7. The GovernorsArnold Schwarzenegger Jerry Brown(2003 –2010) (2011-present) 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  8. 8. Major events of the 1990s• 1990 Governor Deukmejians Blue Ribbon Commission Report on Inmate Population Management issued• Rise of the prison interest groups as a political force• Passage of over 1000 sentencing enhancement laws• 1994 Three Strikes Law passed 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  9. 9. Prison Guards as prison interest group 1957 CCPOA Founded 1980s prison expansion fills the union’s ranks 1984 – 1995 membership increases from 5000 to 33,000 under leadership of Don Novey Union goals – increase salaries, promote job stability, and improve working conditions Union adopts aggressive political strategy to increase prison population Victims rights movement funded to promote prison expansion CCPOA and affiliates promote harsher sentencing laws culminating in passage of 3 strikes 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  10. 10. 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.orgSan Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  11. 11. CCPOA Influence on the Prison Industrial Complex• 31,000 members pay $59.42 per month to the CCPOA.• Union dues total $21.9 million per year.• 65% of that money goes to operations.• 35% goes of the budget funds political activities• The political budget flows out in 6 main directions.• CCPOA pays for public relations.• CCPOA pays for lobbying services.• CCPOA funds affiliate groups.• CCPOA contributes “soft money” to political parties, political events, debates.• CCPOA gives direct contributions to candidates.• Election winners support the CCPOA political agenda.• Tough on crime legislation fuels expansion of the correctional system.• Expanded correctional system adds membership to the CCPOA. 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  12. 12. California Correctional Peace Officers Association as successful union• California prison guards are highest paid in the US – average salary $73,000 – (not including overtime).• Retire after 30 years at 90% salary• Automatic monthly bonus for completing a physical fitness exam• Seniority primary basis for job selection 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  13. 13. California Prison Lobby• CCPOA• California District Attorney’s Association• Crime Victims United• Doris Tate Crime Victims Group• California Sheriff’s Association• Narcotics Officers Association• Police Chiefs Association 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  14. 14. Sacramento Prison IndustryLobbyistsCalifornia Peace Officers AssociationCalifornia Police Chiefs AssociationCalifornia Narcotic OfficersAssociationCalifornia Association of CodeEnforcement OfficersCalifornia Association of HealthUnderwritersCalifornia Correctional SupervisorsOrganizationLos Angeles District Attorney 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  15. 15. The Future of California’s Corrections System• Impact of Plata/Coleman v Brown(2002 & 1994)• Sentencing reform• Parole reform• Realignment 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013

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