P syf 677 master syllabus agosto08

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P syf 677 master syllabus agosto08

  1. 1. CARLOS ALBIZU UNIVERSITYSAN JUAN CAMPUS<br />MASTER SYLLABUS<br />PSYF 677: SOCIO-CULTURAL BASES OF BEHAVIOR IN PUERTO RICO<br />CREDITS: 3CONTACT HOURS: 45<br />COURSE DESCRIPTION<br />Pertinent information in Puerto Rico such as population, migration and immigration, urbanism, employment, industrialization, housing and modernization and major social problems will be reviewed. Relevant research concerning these topics will be analyzed in the existing literature. Course content explores how rapid changes in the identified indicators in Puerto Rico, have affected interpersonal relationships, human development and the maintenance of beliefs and social mores. A socio-historical analysis will be emphasized.<br />PRE-REQUISITES<br />PSYF-506 <br />COURSE OBJECTIVES<br />The basic objective of this course is to inform the student how the socio cultural structures of the Puerto Rican society affect or influence human behavior. The following are the specific objectives of this course. The students will be familiarized with the principal theories and models that attempt to explain social change. The students will learn how socio-political and cultural changes in the history of Puerto Rico affect current behavior. The students will be able to explain the interrelationship between culture and personality. The students will be able to perform a critical-analysis of current research on social problems in Puerto Rico. The students will be able to develop an integrated vision of the principal social problems that affect Puerto Rico and suggest possible solutions to them. Finally the students will explain the influence of social beliefs and social mores on the behavior of the Puerto Rican population. <br />Ph.D. students will review research articles to understand the basic hypotheses presented, the research design used, and how the investigator articulated the analyses and conclusions. Other psychology students enrolled will review and understand a research article. <br />Required Text Books: <br />This course do not require an unique text book due to the nature of the course multiple books and articles of the Puerto Rican culture are assigned by <br /> class unit<br />ITINERARY OF CLASS UNITS<br />Unit 1: Introduction to the course (objectives and the requirements). Definition and theoretical frameworks associated with social change, social organization and disorganization (January 12, 2009).<br />Unit 2:Socio-demographic and mental health characteristics of the Puerto Rican population, including socio-demographic research data of alternative lifestyles subpopulations (i.e., disable, elders, gay and lesbian) (January 19 & 26, 2009).<br />Unit 3: Socio-economic development in Puerto Rico and its influence on Puerto Rican behavioral patterns (February 2 & 9, 2009).<br />Unit 4: Political developments and their influence on Puerto Rican behavioral patterns (February 16, 2009).<br />Unit 5: Art as an important manifestation of Puerto Rican society (February 23, 2009).<br />Unit 6: Midterm examination (March 2, 2009).<br />Unit 7: Puerto Rican folkloric systems: A socio-psychological analysis (March 9, 2009).<br />Unit 8: Major psychosocial problems that affect Puerto Rico: poverty, crime & drug-addiction, and major mental health problems (March 23, 2009).<br />Unit 9: Major psychosocial problems that affect Puerto Rico: AIDS, “machismo”, domestic violence, political corruption, and insensibility toward disabled population and major mental health problems (March 30, 2009).<br />Unit 10: Major psychosocial problems that affect Puerto Rico: Modernization, industrialization, and urbanism (April 6, 2009).<br />Unit 11:The assimilation problem (April 13, 2009).<br />Unit 12: Delivery of mental health services to the Puerto Rican population (April 20, 2009).<br />Unit 13: The future of Puerto Rico (April 27, 2009).<br />Unit 14: Final Examination (May 4, 2009).<br />COURSE CONTACT HOURS <br />Professors who teach the course must divide the contact hours the following way:<br />Face-to-face time in the classroom must not be less than 40 hours (16 classes, 2.5 hours each class).<br />For the remaining hours 5 hours), students will conduct research projects or homework outside the classroom. These projects or homework will include, analyze movies of the Puerto Rican history and describe their psychosocial impact. <br />METHODOLOGY<br />The professor who offers the course will select the specific methodology. These methodologies could include, but would not be limited to: conferences by the professor, group discussions of assigned readings, class research projects, student presentations, individual meetings with students and sub-groups in the classroom.<br />EDUCATIONAL TECHNIQUES<br /> <br />The professor who offers the course will select the specific educational techniques. These techniques could include, but are not limited to: debates, practical demonstrations, films, videos, simulations, slide shows and forums.<br />EVALUATION<br />The professor who offers the course will select the specific evaluation criteria. These methodologies could include, but would not be limited to: term papers, projects, literature reviews, exams and class presentations. Class attendance is mandatory for all students. <br />RESEARCH COMPETENCIES<br />All students will review research projects conducted in Puerto Rico that addresses socio-cultural problems (i.e., units 2 and 3). Psy.D. students will review the literature and present a critical analysis. Ph.D. students will discuss the research design and methodology used in those studies. All students will discuss the main conclusions presented in those articles. <br />ATTENDANCE POLICY<br />Class attendance is mandatory for all students. After two unexcused absences, the student will be dropped from the class, unless the professor recommends otherwise. When a student misses a class, he/she is responsible for the material presented in class. <br />AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA)<br />Students that need special accommodations should request them directly to the professor during the first week of class.<br />COURSE UNITS<br />UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE (OBJECTIVES AND <br /> REQUIREMENTS). DEFINITION AND THEORETICAL <br /> FRAMEWORKS ASSOCIATED WITH SOCIAL CHANGE, SOCIAL <br /> ORGANIZATION AND DISORGANIZATION<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will understand the major theories associated with social change. <br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Outline the material that will be covered in the course.<br />Explain the major theories associated with social change.<br />Describe how social organization and disorganization emerge from different social processes.<br />Compare and contrast the major theories that attempt to explain social-change.<br />Apply the previous concepts to explain social change in Puerto Rico.<br /> Understand the ethics of social research<br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />Arellano-Ceballos, A. (2007). Estudios sobre las culturas contemporáneas <br />(ESCC): Un espacio para la reflexión teórica, metodológica y empírica de <br />los fenómenos culturales. Estudios Sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas, <br />13, 5-8.<br />Farganis, J. (1996). Augusto Comte: Plan of the Scientific Operations Necessary <br />for Reorganizing Society. Readings in Social Theory: The Classic <br />Tradition to Post-Modernism. pp. 32-41.<br />Garland, D. (1999). Castigo y sociedad moderna: Un estudio de teoría social. <br />Barcelona: Editorial Paidos. TC l1 "<br /> TC l1 "<br />Darrell-Bender, L. (1998) Perpectivas Políticas. San Juan: Publicaciones <br /> Puertorriqueñas.<br />Rivera, A.N. (1984). Hacia una psicoterapia para el puertorriqueño. Río Piedras: Puerto Rico. Centro para el estudio y desarrollo de la personalidad.<br />Rivera, M. & Ramírez, R. (1985). Del Cañaveral a la fabrica: Cambio social en Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Ediciones Huracán.<br />Guitián, G. (2008) La teología moral ante los cambios en la sociedad. Scripta <br />Theologica, 40, 187-201.<br />UNIT 2: SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC AND MENTAL HEALTH <br /> CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PUERTO RICAN POPULATION<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will understand the socio-demographic and mental health characteristics of the Puerto Rican population.<br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Outline and describe the most important socio-demographic and mental health characteristics of the Puerto Rican population.<br />Explain how socio-demographic and mental health characteristics of the Puerto Rican population affect their behavior.<br />Evaluate the importance of socio-demographic and mental health characteristics in the development of behavioral patterns of the population in Puerto Rico.<br /> Ph. D. students will analyze epidemiological data from government statistics reports to determine the importance of prevalence rates of different psychopathology in Puerto Rico.<br />ASSIGNED READINGS: <br />Aponte-Ortiz, F. (2005, November 17-23) Violencia, salud mental y desarrollo. <br />Claridad, p.39.<br />Censos de Puerto Rico (2005, July) Proyecciones Preparadas por el Negociado <br />del Censo Federal del 2005 al 2025. Retrieved June 20, 2006, from <br />http://www.censo.gobierno.pr/Proyecciones_de_Poblacion/Proyeccion_PR_2005_2025.htm<br />.<br />Del Río, Eduardo (1992). 500 años fregados pero cristianos. México: Editorial <br />Grijalbo.<br />Fernando P. (1988). Historia General de Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Ediciones <br />Huracán.<br />Fundacion Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades: La operación. Película de la<br /> Colección de la Fundacion Puertorriquena de las Humanidades. San Juan <br /> PR.<br />Latimer, W., Rojas, V.C., & Mancha, B. E. (2008). Severity of alcohol <br />use and problem behaviors among school-based youths in Puerto Rico. Pan American Journal of Public Health, 23, 325-333.<br />UNIT 3: SOCIO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF PUERTO RICO AND ITS <br /> INFLUENCE ON TC l2 " PUERTO RICAN BEHAVIORAL PATTERNS<br />Upon successful completions in this unit, students will understand the socio-economic characteristics of the Puerto Rican population. In addition, students will explain how these characteristics influence behavioral patterns in Puerto Rico.<br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Describe the historic trajectory of the socio-economic development of Puerto Rico and explain how it affects the behavioral patterns in Puerto Rico.<br /> 2. Identify major issues within the historic trajectory of the socio-economic development of Puerto Rico.<br />3. Explain how the economy is related to social and mental health <br /> problems.<br />4. Compare and contrast the main economic theories that explain social values.<br />5. Review socio-economic indicators relevant to Puerto Rico <br /> development.<br /> <br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />Colón-Alicea, L.A. (2001, August). Tecnología y desarrollo económico: el caso de Puerto Rico (Primera parte). Diálogo, pp. 24-25.<br />Colón-Alicea, L.A. (2001, September). Tecnología y desarrollo económico: el caso de Puerto Rico (Segunda parte). Diálogo, pp. 24-25.<br />Dietz, J. (1989). Historia Económica de Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Ediciones Huracán.<br />González, María A. (1995). La importancia de la industrialización en el desarrollo económico de Puerto Rico. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Administración de Fomento Económico, Oficina de Estudios Económicos, División de Análisis Económico.<br />Negociado de Estadísticas Vitales, Junta de Planificación (2007). Informe de Estadísticas Socio-Económicas: 2007 Gobierno de Puerto Rico. San Juan: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico.<br />Pérez de Jesús, M. (1987). Economía y desigualdad en la sociedad puertorriqueña. Río Piedras: Editorial Edil.<br />Pérez, J.J. (2001, November 16). Pintan los males de un desarrollo equivocado. El Nuevo Día, p. 10.<br />UNIT 4: POLITIC DEVELOPMENT AND ITS INFLUENCE ON PUERTO RICAN <br /> BEHAVIORAL PATTERNS <br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will understand how the political development influence behavioral patterns in Puerto Rico.<br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Describe major political issues that affect how people live in Puerto Rico.<br /> Explain the impact of political development in Puerto Ricans.<br />3. Describe the Puerto Rican political organizations and how they influence interpersonal relationships.<br />4. Discuss how the differences in political ideologies affect how people live in Puerto Rico.<br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />Bosque-Pérez, P. (2000, March). Del batey al televisor: evolución de las <br />campañas políticas. Diálogo, pp. 8-9.<br />Córdova, N. (2005). In his image and likeness: The Puerto Rican jíbaro as <br />political icon. Centro Journal, 17 (2), 170-191.<br />Julián, G. (2008). American empire and the politics of meaning: Elite political <br />cultures in the Philippines and Puerto Rico during U.S. colonialism. <br />Boston, United States of America: Duke University Press.<br />Nieves, R.L. (2002) Estado Libre Asociado del Siglo XXI. San Juan: <br />Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.<br />Ortiz-Guzmán, A. (2006). Hacia la libre asociación: el futuro (1st ed.) Puerto <br />Rico: EMS Editores, pp 161-180 y pp.202-230.<br />Porrata-Colón, M. (2002) Estado Libre Asociado: 50 años de engaños. San <br />Juan: Sistema de Comunicaciones.<br /> <br /> Silen, J. (1976). Hacia una visión positiva del puertorriqueño. Río Piedras: Editorial Antillana.<br />Trias-Monge, J. (1999) Puerto Rico: Las penas de la colonia más antigua del <br />mundo. Río Piedras: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico.<br />UNIT 5: ART AS AN IMPORTANT MANIFESTATION OF PUERTO RICAN <br /> SOCIETY <br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to appreciate <br />the different expressions of art ( literature, music, painting, sculpture, architecture) in the Puerto Rican society. Student will learn that art can be utilized to understand the Puerto Rican society.<br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Discuss how Puerto Rican arts represent a manifestation of a social reality in specific historical periods.<br />Describe the major art periods in the history of Puerto Rico. <br />Explain the basic characteristics of each developmental period of the Puerto Rican arts.<br />Explain the important socio-political characteristics that influence artistic expression in each art period.<br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />Caragol-Barreto, T. B. (2005). Aesthetics of exile: The construction of Nuyorican identity in the art of El Taller Boricua. Centro Journal, 17 (2), 6-22<br />Hernández, M. (2007). Policies for early childhood music education in Puerto <br />Rico. Arts Education Policy Review, 109, 27-33.<br />Riutort, A. (1994) Historia breve del arte puertorriqueño en su contexto universal. Madrid: Editorial Playor.<br />Rivera-Miranda, L.M. & Rodríguez-Gómez, J.R. (Eds.) (2005). Investigaciones <br />Eclesiales. Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas. San Juan, Puerto Rico.<br />UNIT 6: MIDTERM EXAMINATION<br />UNIT 7: PUERTO RICAN FOLKLORIC SYSTEM: A SOCIO – <br /> PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ANALYSIS<br /> Upon successful completion of this unit students will understand the multiple expression of the folkloric system in Puerto Rican culture. Students will also understand the relationship between the different folkloric manifestations and the socio–psychological aspects of Puerto Rico.<br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Describe major folkloric beliefs across the different historical periods in Puerto Rico.<br />Discuss how Puerto Rican folkloric beliefs are related to the social reality of a specific historical period.<br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />Maduro, R. (1983). Curanderismo and Latino Views of Disease and Curing. The Western Journal of Medicine. 140 (1), 66-81.<br />Romberg, R. (2007). Today, Changó is Changó. Western Folklore, 66. 1-22<br />Russell, J.B. (1998). Historia de la Brujería: Hechiceros, herejes y paganos. <br />Barcelona. Editorial Paidos. <br />Vidal, T. (2002). Tradiciones en la brujería puertorriqueña. San Juan: PR <br />Ediciones Alba.<br />UNIT 8: MAJOR PSYCHO-SOCIAL PROBLEMS THAT AFFECT THE <br /> BEHAVIOR OF THE POPULATION OF PUERTO RICO: POVERTY, <br /> CRIMINALITY AND DRUG-ADDICTION<br />Upon successful completion of this unit students will understand how poverty, criminality, drug-addiction and major mental health problems affect the behavior of the Puerto Rican population. Students will be able to present possible solutions, taking these problems. <br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Define poverty, criminality and drug addiction.<br />Explain the theoretical frameworks that are used to understand the development of poverty, criminality and drug-addiction.<br />3. Explain the major causes of poverty, criminality and drug-addiction in the Puerto Rican Society. Understanding major statistics related to those problems.<br />4. Describe how poverty, criminality and drug-addiction affect Puerto Rican society.<br />Discuss how these problems affect the psychosocial activities of the Puerto Rican population.<br />6. Evaluate practical and theoretical solutions to the problems of poverty, criminality and drug-addiction within the Puerto Rican society.<br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />Enchautegui, M.E. (2001, May). La guerra contra la pobreza en Puerto Rico. Diálogo, p. 20.<br />Lilly, R. J, Cullen, F. T. ,& Ball, R. A. (1991). Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences. Newbury: California: Sage Publications.<br />López, R. (1993, February). Criminalidad y violencia: Mano dura contra mano dura. Diálogo, pp. 14-15.<br />Picó, F. (1993, February). Criminalidad y violencia: Mano dura contra mano dura. Diálogo, pp. 12-13.<br />Ramírez, R. L. (1972). Problemas de desigualdad social en Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Librería Internacional.<br />Rivera-Lugo, C. & Gutierrez, P. (1993, February). Criminalidad y violencia: Mano dura contra mano dura. Diálogo, pp. 16-17.<br />Román, M. (1993). Estado y criminalidad en Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Editorial Universitaria.<br />Smith, J. (2007). Commonwealth Status: A Good Deal for Puerto Rico? Harvard <br />Latino Law Review, 10, 263-281.<br />Torres-Rivera, L.M. (2000) Sistema Penal y reacción Social. San Juan: <br />Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.<br /> <br />UNIT 9: MAJOR PSYCHOSOCIAL PROBLEMS THAT AFFECT BEHAVIOR IN <br /> THE PUERTO RICAN POPULATION: AIDS, “MACHISMO”, <br /> DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, POLITICAL CORRUPTION, AND <br /> INSENSIBILITY TOWARD DISABLED POPULATIONS AND MAJOR <br /> MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS<br /> Upon successful completion of this unit students will understand how AIDS, “machismo” and mental health problems affect the behavior of the Puerto Rican population. Students will be able to present possible solutions to these problems.<br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Describe the prevalence and incidence of the major mental health problems in Puerto Rico.<br />Describe the prevalence and other important statistics that are associated to the problem of AIDS in Puerto Rico.<br />Explain the theoretical frameworks that are used to understand the development of AIDS, “machismo”, and major mental health problems in Puerto Rico.<br />Explain how AIDS, “machismo”, and major mental health problems affect Puerto Rican society.<br />Discuss how those problems affect different psychosocial activities in the Puerto Rican society.<br />Evaluate possible solutions to these problems.<br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />Canino, G., Bird, H., Rubio, M., Martínez, R. & Sesman, M. (1987). The prevalence of specific psychiatry disorders in Puerto Rico. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 727-735.<br />Cruz, R. (1998). Como marcha mi Puerto Rico. San Juan, Puerto Rico: <br />Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas. <br />Herbst ,J., Kay, L., Passin, W., Lyles, C., Crepaz, N., & Marín, B. (2007). A systematic <br />review and meta-analysis of behavioral interventions to reduce HIV risk behaviors of Hispanics in the United States and Puerto Rico. AIDS and Behavior, 11, 25-47.<br />López, I. (2008). Matters of choice: Puerto Rican Women’s struggle for reproductive freedom. New York, United States of America: Rutgers University Press.<br />Pérez, R.I. (2000, December). Anticipan dificultades con la Ley de Salud Mental. <br />Diálogo, p.8.<br />Pérez, R.I. (2000, December). Hacia un enfoque integral en el tratamiento de las <br />enfermedades mentales. Diálogo, p.9.<br />Pico, I. (1989). Machismo y Educación en Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: PR Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico.<br />Ramos, J. (2000, December). Dantesco cuadro de la salud mental en Puerto Rico. Diálogo, p.6.<br />Ramos, J. (2000, December). Enfermedades sicológicas, algo más que ausencia de mal. Diálogo, p.7.<br />Santiago-Centeno, Z. (2000, April). Metamorfosis social de la violencia doméstica. Diálogo, p.23.<br />Toro-Alfonso, J. & Rodríguez-Madera, S. (2005). Al margen del género: La violencia doméstica en parejas del mismo sexo. San Juan, PR: Ediciones Huracán. <br />Vera-Hernández, N.A. (2005). Crisis social puertorriqueña a inicios del Siglo XXI. San Juan, PR: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.<br />UNIT 10: MAJOR PSYCHOSOCIAL PROBLEMS THAT AFFECT BEHAVIOR <br /> OF THE POPULATION OF PUERTO RICO: MODERNIZATION, <br /> INDUSTRIALIZATION & URBANISM<br />Upon successful completion of this unit students will understand how modernization, industrialization and urbanism affect the behavior of the population of Puerto Rico. <br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Describe the theoretical frameworks that are used to explain the origins of modernization.<br />Discuss the theoretical frameworks that are used to explain the origins of industrialization.<br />Describe the theoretical frameworks that are used to explain the origins of urbanism. <br />Explain how modernization, industrialization and urbanism affect the Puerto Rican society.<br />Discuss what kinds of problems are related to modernization, industrialization & urbanism.<br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />Arcelay-Santiago, C.L. (2005). Un chapuzón histórico para una puertorriqueñidad. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Editorial Crónicas.<br />Cartagena, R. (1983). Puerto Rico enfermo. Río Piedras: Editorial Cultural<br />García – Ramis, M. (1993). La ciudad que me habita. Río Piedras: Edición <br />Huracán.<br />González-Núñez, G. & Pantojas-García, E. (Eds.) (2002). El Caribe en la era de <br />la globalización: retos, transiciones y reajustes. Centro de Investigaciones Sociales: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas, San Juan, Puerto Rico.<br />Icken, S. M. (1989). Familias del arrabal. Río Piedras: Editorial Universitaria <br />Martinez, F.E. (2003) Ensayo sobre la Pobreza en PR. San Juan: Puerto Rico: <br />Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.<br />UNIT 11: THE ASSIMILATION PROBLEM ON THE ISLAND: AN IDENTITY <br /> ISSUE?<br />Upon successful completion of this unit students will understand the concept of immigration and emigration. Students will be able to discuss the major theoretical frameworks used to explain migration, emigration, acculturation, assimilation and integration. Students will understand how these processes affect the identity of the Puerto Rican people.<br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Define identity from a socio-cultural perspective.<br /> Define acculturation, assimilation & integration.<br /> Explain the “push –pull” theories of migration. <br /> Explain how the migration process to the USA could affect the identity of the Puerto Ricans.<br /> Explain how the experience of migrants moving to a socio – cultural system different from their own affects their behavior.<br /> Explain how the migration to the USA affects the identity of the Puerto Ricans.<br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />García-Passalacqua, J.M. (1994, August 12-18). El humo se volvió llama: El <br />fracaso de la americanización de los puertorriqueños. Diálogo, pp. 14 y <br />31.<br />Hernández-Colón, R. (2008, February 21). Cultural identity and status. <br />Caribbean Business, 36, 27.<br />Meléndez-Vélez, E. (2005). The Puerto Rican Journey revisited: Politics and the <br />study of Puerto Rican migration. Centro Journal, 17 (2), 192-221.<br />Pantojas-García, E. (2005) The Puerto Rican paradox: Colonialism Revisited. <br />Latin American Research Review, 40 (3), p.163-176.<br />Rogler, L. H. , Cortes, D. E. , & Malgady, R. G. (1991). Acculturation and mental health status among Hispanics. American Psychologist, 46 (6), 585-597.<br />Rogler, L. H. , Malgady, R. G. , & Rodríguez, O. (1989). Hispanics and mental health: A framework for research. Malabar, FL: Krieger.<br />Torres M.I., (2005). Organizing, Educating, and Advocating for Health and <br />Human Rights in Vieques. American Journal of Public Health, 95 (1), 9-12.<br />UNIT 12: DELIVERY OF MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES TO THE PUERTO <br /> RICAN POPULATION<br />Upon successful completion of this unit students will understand the <br /> availability and use of mental health services in Puerto Rico.<br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Describe what types of mental health services are available private and public agencies in Puerto Rico.<br />Describe the major mental health problems in Puerto Rico.<br />Describe the type of services most frequently used by the Puerto Rican population. <br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />Alegría, M., Mulvaney-Day, N., Torres, M., Polo, A., Zhun, C., & Canino, G. <br />(2007). Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders Across Latino Subgroups in <br />the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 97, 68-76.<br />Canino, G., Shrout, P. E., Rubio-Stipec, M., Bravo, M., et al (2004). The DSM-IV rates of child and adolescent disorders in Puerto Rico. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61, 85-93.<br />Cochran, B., Peavy, K. & Robohm, J. (2007). Do specialized services exist for <br />LGBT individuals seeking treatment for substance misuse? A study of <br />available treatment programs. Substance Use & Misuse, 42, 161-176<br />Ortega, Alexander N. & Alegría, M. (2005). Denial and Its Association With <br />Mental Health Care Use. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 32 (3), 320-331<br />Rogler, L. H., Malgady, R. G., & Rodríguez, O. (1989). Hispanics and mental health: A framework for research. Malabar, Fl.: Krieger.<br />UNIT 13: PUERTO RICO AND ITS FUTURE: AN HOLISTIC ISSUE<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will understand future trends in Puerto Rican society.<br />LEARNING OBJECTIVES:<br />Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:<br />Discuss the future of Puerto Rico taking into consideration current socio-economic and political tendencies.<br />Explain how we can use a holistic vision to understand the future of Puerto Rican society. <br />ASSIGNED READINGS:<br />Darrell-Bender, L. (1998) The American Presence in Puerto Rico. San Juan: <br /> Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.<br />Guardiola-Ortiz, D. (2002) Politica Social y Trabajo Social en Puerto Rico. San <br />Juan Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.<br />Nieves, R. L. (2002) Estado Libre Asociado del Siglo XXI. San Juan: <br />Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas. <br />Nado, L. (2007, July 12). No long-term care coverage plans for Medicare in the near future. Caribbean Business, 35, 24.<br />Thornburgh, D. (2007). Puerto Rico’s future: A time to decide (significant issues). <br />Washington D.C., United States: Center for Strategic and International <br />Studies.<br />UNIT 14: FINAL EXAMINATION<br />REFERENCES<br />Alegría, M., Mulvaney-Day, N., Torres, M., Polo, A., Zhun, C. & Canino, G. (2007). <br />Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders Across Latino Subgroups in the <br />United States. American Journal of Public Health, 97, 68-76.<br />Aponte-Ortiz, F. (2005, November 17-23) Violencia, salud mental y desarrollo. <br />Claridad, p.39<br />Arcelay-Santiago, C.L. (2005). Un chapuzón histórico para una <br />puertorriqueñidad. Puerto Rico: Crónicas.<br />Arellano-Ceballos, A. (2007). Estudios sobre las culturas contemporáneas <br />(ESCC): Un espacio para la reflexión teórica, metodológica y empírica de los fenómenos culturales. Estudios Sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas, 13, 5-8.<br />Bosque-Pérez, P. (2000, March). Del batey al televisor: evolución de las <br />campañas políticas. Diálogo, pp. 8-9.<br />Canino, G., Bird, H., Rubio, M. , Martínez, R. & Sesman, M. (1987). The prevalence of specific psychiatry disorders in Puerto Rico. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 727-735.<br />Canino, G., Shrout, P. E., Rubio-Stipec, M., Bravo, M., et al (2004). The DSM-IV rates of child and adolescent disorders in Puerto Rico. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61, 85-93.<br />Caragol-Barreto, T. B. (2005). Aesthetics of exile: The construction of Nuyorican identity in the art of El Taller Boricua. Centro Journal, 17 (2), 6-22.<br />Cartagena, R. (1983). Puerto Rico enfermo. Río Piedras: Editorial Cultural.<br />Censos de Puerto Rico (2005, July) Proyecciones Preparadas por el Negociado <br />del Censo Federal del 2005 al 2025. Retrieved June 20, 2006, from http://www.censo.gobierno.pr/Proyecciones_de_Poblacion/Proyeccion_PR_2005_2025.htm<br />Cochran, B., Peavey, K., Rob ohm, J. (2007). Do specialized services exist for LGBT <br />individuals seeking treatment for substance misuse? A study of available treatment programs. Substance Use & Misuse, 42, 161-176.<br />Colón-Alicia, L.A. (2001, August). Tecnología y desarrollo económico: el caso de Puerto Rico (Primera parte). Diálogo, pp. 24-25.<br />Colón-Alicia, LA. (2001, September). Tecnología y desarrollo económico: el caso de Puerto Rico (Segunda parte). Diálogo, pp. 24-25.<br />Córdova, N. (2005). In his image and likeness: The Puerto Rican jíbaro as political icon. <br />Centro Journal, 17 (2), 170-191.<br />Cruz, R (1998) Como marcha mi Puerto Rico. San Juan, Publicaciones <br /> Puertorriqueñas.<br />Del Río, Eduardo (1992). 500 años fregados pero cristianos. México: Editorial Grijalbo.<br />Departamento de Servicios Sociales. Boletín Estadístico Año Fiscal 2000-01. Secretaria Auxiliar de Planificación y desarrollo. Gobierno de P. R. Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico.<br />Darrell-Bender, L. (1998) Perpectivas Politicas San Juan: Publicaciones <br /> Puertorriqueñas.<br />Dietz, J. (1989). Historia Económica de Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Ediciones Huracán.<br />Enchautegui, M.E. (2001, May). La guerra contra la pobreza en Puerto Rico. Diálogo, p. 20.<br />Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico. Dept. de Salud. (1978). Catálogo de Programas y Servicios. San Juan: Puerto Rico Gobierno de Puerto Rico.<br />Farganis, J. (1996). Augusto Comte: Plan of the Scientific Operations Necessary <br />for Reorganizing Society. Readings in Social Theory: The Classic <br />Tradition to Post-Modernism. pp. 32-41.<br />Fernández, R. (1992) The Disenchanted Island: Puerto Rico and the United <br />States in the twentieth century. New York, New York: <br />Fernando P. (1988). Historia General de Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Ediciones Huracán.<br />Fundacion Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades: La operación. Película de la<br /> Colección de la Fundacion Puertorriquena de las Humanidades. San Juan <br /> PR.<br />Garland, D. (1999) Castigo y sociedad moderna: Un estudio de teoria social. <br />Barcelona: Editorial Paidos.<br />García-Passalacqua, J.M. (1994, August 12-18). El humo se volvió llama: El <br />fracaso de la americanización de los puertorriqueños. Diálogo, pp. 14 y 31.<br />García – Ramis, M. (1993). La ciudad que me habita. Río Piedras: Puerto Rico. Edición Huracan.<br />Gelles, R. J., & Levine, A. (1996). Sociología: Con aplicaciones a los países de habla hispana (5ta. Ed.), México: McGraw-Hill.<br />Giralde-Ozono, M. (1997). Los problemas de la educación en Puerto Rico a través de nuestra historia. Universidad Sagrado Corazón: San Juan: Puerto Rico.<br />González, María A. (1995). La importancia de la industrialización en el desarrollo económico de Puerto Rico. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Administración de Fomento Económico, Oficina de Estudios Económicos, División de Análisis Económico.<br />González-Núñez, G. & Pantojas-García, E. (Eds.) (2002). El Caribe en la era de <br />la globalización: retos, transiciones y reajustes. Centro de Investigaciones Sociales: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas, San Juan, Puerto Rico.<br />Guardiola-Ortiz, D. (2002). Politica Social y Trabajo Social en Puerto Rico. San <br />Juan Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.<br />Guitián, G. (2008). La teología moral ante los cambios en la sociedad. Scripta <br />Theologica, 40, 187-201.<br />Hernández-Colón, R. (2008, February 21). Cultural identity and status. <br />Caribbean Business, 36, 27.<br /> <br />Icken, S. H. (1989). Familias del arrabal. Río Piedras: Editorial Universitaria.<br />Inciardi, J. A. (1991) The Latin American Family: Familism vs Machismo. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 22 (1), 57-62 New York: Plenum Press.<br />Kaufman, H. (1997). Psicología social. México: Editorial Trillas.<br />Latimer, W., Rojas, V.C., & Mancha, B. E. (2008). Severity of alcohol <br /> use and problem behaviors among school-based youths in Puerto Rico. Pan American Journal of Public Health, 23, 325-333.<br />Lensky, G., Nolan, P., & Lenski, J. (1997). Sociedades humanas: Introducción a la macrosociología (7ma Ed.). México: McGraw-Hill. <br />Lilly, R. J, Cullen, F. T. , & Ball, R. A. (1991). Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences. Newburry: California: Sage Publications.<br />López, R. (1993, February). Criminalidad y violencia: Mano dura contra mano dura. Diálogo, pp. 14-15.<br />Maduro, R. (1983). Curanderismo and Latino Views of Disease and Curing. The <br />Western Journal of Medicine, 140 (1), 66-81.<br />Martinez, i.e. (2003). Ensayo sobre la Pobreza en PR. San Juan: Publicaciones<br /> Puertorriqueñas.<br />Meléndez-Vélez, E. (2005). The Puerto Rican Journey revisited: Politics and the <br />study of Puerto Rican migration. Centro Journal, 17 (2), 192-221.<br />Nado, L. (2007, July 12). No long-term care coverage plans for Medicare in the <br />near future. Caribbean Business, 35, 24.<br />Negociado de Estadísticas Vitales, Junta de Planificación (2007). Informe de Estadísticas Socio-Económicas: 2007 Gobierno de Puerto Rico. San Juan: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico.<br />Nieves, R.L. (2002). Estado Libre Asociado del Siglo XXI. San Juan: <br />Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas. <br />Ortega, Alexander N. & Alegría, M. (2005). Denial and Its Association With <br />Mental Health Care Use. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & <br />Research, 32 (3), 320-331.<br />Ortiz-Guzmán, A. (2006). Hacia la libre asociación: el futuro (1st ed.) Puerto <br />Rico: EMS Editores, pp 161-180 y pp.202-230.<br />Pantojas-García, E. (2005). The Puerto Rican paradox: Colonialism Revisited. <br />Latin American Research Review, 40 (3),163-176.<br />Pérez de Jesús, M. (1987). Economía y desigualdad en la sociedad puertorriqueña. Río Piedras: Puerto Rico: Editorial Edil.<br />Pérez, J.J. (2001, November 16). Pintan los males de un desarrollo equivocado. El Nuevo Día, p. 10.<br />Pérez, R.I. (2000, December). Anticipan dificultades con la Ley de Salud Mental. <br />Diálogo, p.8.<br />Pérez, R.I. (2000, December). Hacia un enfoque integral en el tratamiento de las <br />enfermedades mentales. Diálogo, p.9.<br />Pettigrew, T. F. (1997). Personality and social structure: Social psychological contributions. In R. Hogan, J. Jonson & S. Briggs (Eds.), Handbook of personality psychology (pp. 417-439). New York: Academic Press.<br />Picó, F. (1993, February). Criminalidad y violencia: Mano dura contra mano dura. Diálogo, pp. 12-13.<br />Pico, I. (1989) . Machismo y Educación en Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico.<br />Porrata-Colon, M. (2002) Estado Libre Asociado: 50 años de engaños. San <br />Juan: Sistema de Comunicaciones. <br />Ramírez, R. L. (1977). El arrabal y la política. Río Piedras: Editorial Universitaria.<br />Ramírez, R. L. (1972). Problemas de desigualdad social en Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Librería Internacional.<br />Ramos, J. (2000, December). Dantesco cuadro de la salud mental en Puerto Rico. Diálogo, p.6.<br />Ramos, J. (2000, December). Enfermedades sicológicas, algo más que ausencia de mal. Diálogo, p.7.<br />Riutort, A. (1989). Historia breve del arte puertorriqueño en su contexto universal. Madrid: Editorial Playor.<br />Rivera, M. & Ramírez, R. (1985). Del cañaveral a la fábrica: Cambio social en Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Ediciones Huracán.<br />Rivera, A. N. (1984). Hacia una psicoterapia para el puertorriqueño. Río Piedras: Puerto Rico. Centro para el estudio y desarrollo de la personalidad.<br />Rivera-Lugo, C. & Gutierrez, P. (1993, February). Criminalidad y violencia: Mano dura contra mano dura. Diálogo, pp. 16-17.<br />Rivera-Miranda, L.M. & Rodríguez-Gómez, J.R. (Eds.) (2005). Investigaciones <br />Eclesiales. Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas. San Juan, Puerto Rico.<br />Rogler, L. H., Cortes, D. E., & Malgady, R. G. (1991). Acculturation and mental health status among Hispanics. American Psychologist, 46 (6) , 585-597.<br />Rogler, L. H. , Malgady, R. G. Rodríguez, O. (1989). Hispanics and Mental Health: A framework for Research. Malabar, Fl.: Krieger.<br />Roman, M. (1993). Estado y criminalidad en Puerto Rico. Río Piedras: Editorial Universitaria.<br />Russell, J.B. (1998). Historia de la Brujeria: Hechiceros, herejes y paganos. <br />Barcelona: Editorial Paidos. <br />Santiago-Centeno, Z. (2000, April). Metamorfosis social de la violencia <br />doméstica. Diálogo, p.23.<br />Silen, J. (1976). Hacia una visión positiva del puertorriqueño. Río Piedras: Puerto Rico. Editorial Antillana.<br />Smith, J. (2007). Commonwealth Status: A Good Deal for Puerto Rico? Harvard <br />Latino Law Review, 10, 263-281.<br />Thornburgh, D. (2007). Puerto Rico’s future: A time to decide (significant issues). <br />Washington D.C., United States: Center for Strategic and International <br />Studies.<br />Toro-Alfonso, J. & Rodríguez-Madera, S. (2005). Al margen del género: la violencia doméstica en parejas del mismo sexo. Ediciones Huracán: (1st ed) San Juan, Puerto Rico. <br />Torres M.I., (2005). Organizing, Educating, and Advocating for Health and Human Rights in Vieques. American Journal of Public Health, 95 (1), 9-12.<br />Torres-Rivera, L.M. (2000) Sistema Penal y reacción Social. San Juan: <br />Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.<br />Trias-Monje, J. (1999). Puerto Rico: Las penas de la colonia mas antigua del <br />mundo. Río Piedras: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico.<br />Vera-Hernández, N.A. (2005). Crisis social puertorriqueña a inicios del Siglo XXI. <br />Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas; San Juan, Puerto Rico<br />Vidal, T. (1989). Tradiciones en la brujería puertorriqueña. San Juan: Puerto Rico, Ediciones Alba.<br />Revised by: Dr. José Rodríguez & Dr. Jose Perez (August, 2008) <br />

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