Canadian Internet Registration Authority
               Byron Holland, President and CEO
Agenda
 What CIRA does and how

 Current Activities

 CIRA History and Governance

 Internet History and Governance

 Ques...
Mission
 Operate the dot-ca Internet country code
 Top Level Domain (ccTLD) as a key public
 resource for all Canadians in...
Vision
 CIRA is recognized as the leading
 Registry in the world, as measured by the
 satisfaction of our stakeholders, an...
Primary Roles of CIRA
 Ensure effective stewardship of .ca
   Operate DNS in 100% uptime environment

   Operate dot-ca Re...
What is CIRA
 The Registry that operates the Country Code
 Top Level Domain for Canada or .ca ccTLD
 a Thick Registry that...
What is CIRA
 Staff of 42 FTE
 Revenues of 11M$ and expenses of 10M$ for
 2009
 Has about 150 Certified Registrars
 CIRA p...
Canadian Market Share: Current




                             Dr. Zook Q3 2009 Canadian
                             Dom...
Total Domain Name Registrations




The first quarter of 2009 ended with a total base of nearly 183 million domain name re...
What CIRA does on top of this
 Develops and maintains its own registry
 software supporting 2 interface formats
 Owns and ...
What CIRA Does
 Manages and enforces the Certified Registrar
 Agreement
 Certifies and re-certifies Registrars
 Manages ma...
What CIRA Does
 Manages and enforces the Registrant
 Agreement
 Handles Registrant complaints
 Operates the Manual Change ...
What CIRA Does
 Runs annual elections for the Board
 Holds a formal Annual General Meeting (AGM)
 Publishes an annual repo...
.ca Registrations
 Because of legacy considerations CIRA
 registers many types of domains as opposed to
 simply second lev...
. ca Registrations
 CIRA allows the registration of conflicting
 domain names with permission
 CIRA reserves municipal nam...
How We Do It
 Strategic Plan
 Consultation and outreach across Canada
 Participation in international technical and policy...
CIRA Policies
 Canadian Presence Requirements
   For Registrants
   For Registrars
 CIRA Dispute Resolution Policy
 WHOIS ...
Current Activities
Product Improvements
 Registry re-write
  Existing Registry software is 10 years old
  Policy and procedure simplification...
Product Improvements
 DNSSEC
  RFCs for adding digital signatures to DNS data
  Provides authenticity of data
  Adds secur...
Product Improvements
 IPv6
  What is an IP address
    An IP address or IP number (internet protocol
    address or number...
Product Improvements
 IPv6
  IPv6 is the next-generation Internet Protocol
  Next widely deployed Internet protocol
  Uses...
Product Improvements
 IPV6 and CIRA
  CIRA's root zone servers have been using IPv6 since at least
  2007
  IPv6 for dot-c...
CIRA HISTORY and GOVERNANCE
CIRA History
 University of British Columbia
 Canadian Domain Name Consultative
 Committee
 Founding Board
 Canadian Inter...
CIRA Governance
 Not-For-Profit Corporation
 Member-driven
 1999 Binder Letter to CIRA:
  Recognizes CIRA as the administr...
CIRA Governance – Cont’d
 Binder Letter to CIRA cont’d:
   Ensuring an appropriate balance of representation, accountabili...
INTERNET HISTORY and
       GOVERNANCE
History of the Internet
 Began in 1960s and 1970s as a tool for research
 and military use

 By 1990s commercial services ...
Internet Governance
 Internet Society (ISOC), Internet Architecture
 Board (IAB), and Internet Engineering Task
 Force (IE...
Internet Governance Cont’d __________________________
                   ICANN Structure




                       ↕
    ...
Internet Governance Cont’d
 Early Internet Culture continues: collaborative,
 multi-stakeholder, bottom-up

 Can have reve...
Questions?




             33
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The Canadian Internet Registration Authority

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Presentation by CIRA's CEO Byron Holland to students in the law program at the University of Ottawa. This presentation provides an overview of CIRA and its activities, as well as an overview and history of Internet governance.

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  • The Canadian Internet Registration Authority

    1. 1. Canadian Internet Registration Authority Byron Holland, President and CEO
    2. 2. Agenda What CIRA does and how Current Activities CIRA History and Governance Internet History and Governance Questions? 2
    3. 3. Mission Operate the dot-ca Internet country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) as a key public resource for all Canadians in an innovative, open, and efficient manner. CIRA may carry out other Internet related registration activities for the Canadian community in a similar manner. 3
    4. 4. Vision CIRA is recognized as the leading Registry in the world, as measured by the satisfaction of our stakeholders, and the model for other ccTLDs 4
    5. 5. Primary Roles of CIRA Ensure effective stewardship of .ca Operate DNS in 100% uptime environment Operate dot-ca Registry Manage dot-ca brand Represent dot-ca interests internationally 5
    6. 6. What is CIRA The Registry that operates the Country Code Top Level Domain for Canada or .ca ccTLD a Thick Registry that currently has over 1.2 million domain names under management This represents over 800,000 individual Registrants of which more than 16,000 are Members 6
    7. 7. What is CIRA Staff of 42 FTE Revenues of 11M$ and expenses of 10M$ for 2009 Has about 150 Certified Registrars CIRA processes: 800,000,000 DNS queries per day 4,000 registration requests per day 300 TBR requests per week 4M WHOIS queries per day 7
    8. 8. Canadian Market Share: Current Dr. Zook Q3 2009 Canadian Domain Names Report 8
    9. 9. Total Domain Name Registrations The first quarter of 2009 ended with a total base of nearly 183 million domain name registrations across all of the Top Level Domain Names (TLDs). This represents a three percent growth over the fourth quarter of 2008 and a 12 percent growth over the same quarter of last year. The base of Country Code Top Level Domain Names (ccTLDs) rose to 74.1 million domain names, an 18 percent increase year over year and a four percent increase quarter over quarter. In terms of total registrations, .com continues to have the highest base followed by .cn, .de and .net. 9
    10. 10. What CIRA does on top of this Develops and maintains its own registry software supporting 2 interface formats Owns and operates all its registration and zone file servers Operates the To Be Released (TBR) system Operates WHOIS service 10
    11. 11. What CIRA Does Manages and enforces the Certified Registrar Agreement Certifies and re-certifies Registrars Manages major Certified Registrar Issues (financials, sales, going out of business, etc…) Holds regular consultations and meetings with Registrars 11
    12. 12. What CIRA Does Manages and enforces the Registrant Agreement Handles Registrant complaints Operates the Manual Change of Administrative Contact (MCAC) process Operates the confirmation process for all critical changes to Registrant entries 12
    13. 13. What CIRA Does Runs annual elections for the Board Holds a formal Annual General Meeting (AGM) Publishes an annual report Publicly publishes the minutes of its Board meetings and audited financial statements Operates the CIRA Dispute Resolution Process (CDRP) Operates bilingually 13
    14. 14. .ca Registrations Because of legacy considerations CIRA registers many types of domains as opposed to simply second level as in .com (e.g. xyz.com) CIRA accepts domain registrations at the 2nd, 3rd and 4th levels: xyz.ca xyz.on.ca xyz.ottawa.on.ca 14
    15. 15. . ca Registrations CIRA allows the registration of conflicting domain names with permission CIRA reserves municipal names for the municipalities e.g. only the city of Toronto can register city.toronto.on.ca or toronto.ca CIRA reserves province names for provinces e.g. only the Government of Ontario can register ontario.ca 15
    16. 16. How We Do It Strategic Plan Consultation and outreach across Canada Participation in international technical and policy forums Offices in Ottawa 16
    17. 17. CIRA Policies Canadian Presence Requirements For Registrants For Registrars CIRA Dispute Resolution Policy WHOIS Policy Low barrier to entry for Registrars Competitive Registry Protection of the Registrant by the Registry Registrants are the members of the corporation 17
    18. 18. Current Activities
    19. 19. Product Improvements Registry re-write Existing Registry software is 10 years old Policy and procedure simplification Loosen dependencies on Oracle database software Multi-year project Beta software ready in November 2009 19
    20. 20. Product Improvements DNSSEC RFCs for adding digital signatures to DNS data Provides authenticity of data Adds secure delegations from parent to child, creating trust hierarchies (“path of trust”) Provides provable denial of existence Compromised name servers detected and ignored DNS data manipulation detected and ignored 20
    21. 21. Product Improvements IPv6 What is an IP address An IP address or IP number (internet protocol address or number) is a unique number that computers use in order to identify and communicate with each other on a network that uses the Internet Protocol standard IPv4 is the fourth version of Internet protocol Uses a 32 bit addressing Allows for 4,294,967,296 unique addresses 21
    22. 22. Product Improvements IPv6 IPv6 is the next-generation Internet Protocol Next widely deployed Internet protocol Uses a 128-bit system to hold 340-undecillion (34, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000) IPv4 address exhaustion Network security is integrated into the design of the IPv6 architecture IPv6 only in its infancy in terms of general worldwide deployment 22
    23. 23. Product Improvements IPV6 and CIRA CIRA's root zone servers have been using IPv6 since at least 2007 IPv6 for dot-ca domains supported since Q4 2008 CIRA has just recently registered its first dot-ca hostnames to use IPv6 CIRA's outlook on IPv6 Monitoring the decrease in IPv4 address availability Ready to accommodate an increase in IPv6 domain host registrations 23
    24. 24. CIRA HISTORY and GOVERNANCE
    25. 25. CIRA History University of British Columbia Canadian Domain Name Consultative Committee Founding Board Canadian Internet Registration Authority 25
    26. 26. CIRA Governance Not-For-Profit Corporation Member-driven 1999 Binder Letter to CIRA: Recognizes CIRA as the administrator of the .ca domain space. Requests a structure predicated upon: Conducting CIRA's activities in an open and transparent manner that ensures wide public access to all relevant information; Following fair and sound business practices; 26
    27. 27. CIRA Governance – Cont’d Binder Letter to CIRA cont’d: Ensuring an appropriate balance of representation, accountability and diversity on the Board of Directors for all categories of stakeholders; Applying for domain names being as quick and easy as applying for domain names in other top level domains, and priced competitively; Reducing conflicts between persons granted domain names and other Fights holders, including trade-marks or business names; and A system that facilitates and encourages entry for new players including registrars. 27
    28. 28. INTERNET HISTORY and GOVERNANCE
    29. 29. History of the Internet Began in 1960s and 1970s as a tool for research and military use By 1990s commercial services began showing up 10 years ago 100 million people were online Today roughly 1.5 billion people are online – and progressing 29
    30. 30. Internet Governance Internet Society (ISOC), Internet Architecture Board (IAB), and Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Internet Governance Forum (IGF) CIRA’s unique place 30
    31. 31. Internet Governance Cont’d __________________________ ICANN Structure ↕ CIRA 31
    32. 32. Internet Governance Cont’d Early Internet Culture continues: collaborative, multi-stakeholder, bottom-up Can have reverse of expected impact Single voice can have disproportionate influence 32
    33. 33. Questions? 33

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