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Modern Slavery & Trafficking Forum | Manchester 26 June 2019

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We invited Ben Cooley, CEO of Hope for Justice, Rob Elvin managing partner, Squire Patton Boggs (Manchester office) and Susan Banister from the Slave-Free Alliance to join us with senior HR representatives from Greater Manchester's largest organisations and guests to explore the state of Modern Slavery & Trafficking today and the actions we can take to end these crimes.

Read our blog series
https://cipdmanchester.com/2019/06/24/modern-slavery-and-trafficking/
https://cipdmanchester.com/2019/06/27/modern-slavery-trafficking-forum-reflections/

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Modern Slavery & Trafficking Forum | Manchester 26 June 2019

  1. 1. Modern Slavery & Trafficking Forum CIPD Manchester Branch 26 June 2019
  2. 2. 1805 - The legal perspective on Modern Slavery Rob Elvin, Squire Patton Boggs 1820 - What can we do to overcome Modern Slavery and Trafficking Ben Cooley, Hope for Justice 1845 - What practical actions can organisations take (part 1) Susan Banister, Slave Free Alliance 1855 Table discussions - identifying risks 1910 - What practical actions can organisations take (part 2) Susan Banister, Slave Free Alliance 1925 - Panel/Q&A - Rob Elvin, Ben Cooley, Susan Banister 1955 - Closing comments
  3. 3. Confidentiality / Social Media • It is fine to quote what the main speakers say • For all other discussions, we’ll use the Chatham House Rule so we… 'are free to use the information received, but neither the identity nor the affiliation of the speaker… may be revealed’ • Where something is totally confidential and not to go outside of the room, please be clear on that
  4. 4. Modern Slavery: The Legal Case Rob Elvin Partner
  5. 5. 5squirepattonboggs.com Modern Slavery § Estimated 40.3 million people are in modern slavery, with 13,000 in the UK (Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: Forced Labour and Forced Marriage , Geneva, September 2017.). § 71% of the 40.3 million people in modern slavery are women or girls. § Modern slavery is the second largest criminal industry in the world (United Nations). § Organisations may have modern day slavery taking place within their supply chain around the world, and might not even be aware of it. § Necessary to update the definition of slavery to fit the 21st century.
  6. 6. 6squirepattonboggs.com Modern Slavery – the legal definition § Three criminal offences to constitute modern day slavery under MSA 2015: § Slavery or servitude – (the status of or condition of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised) § Forced or compulsory labour – (any type of labour that is forced upon or compulsory for someone, and the victim need not be aware they are in forced or compulsory labour). § Human trafficking and committing an offence with intent to commit human trafficking - (the arranging or facilitating of the victim’s travel, with or without their consent, with a view to their being exploited). • Exploitation can include (but is not limited to): - Servitude and forced or compulsory labour; - Indecent photography of children; - Sexual offences - Subjecting a victim to force, threats or deception to induce them to provide services of any kind, provide another person with benefits of any kind, or to enable another person to acquire benefits of any kind
  7. 7. 7squirepattonboggs.com Obligations on organisations imposed by the MSA 2015 § Must produce a slavery and human trafficking statement each financial year. § Statement must set out the steps taken to ensure that the business and supply chain is free of slavery and human trafficking (or confirm that such steps have been taken). § Statement must be published on website with a prominent link or, if there is no website, available upon request within 30 days. § Statements must be published as soon as reasonably practicable after the end of each financial year and, in all cases, within 6 months.
  8. 8. 8squirepattonboggs.com What information must be included in the statement? § The Act does not set out precisely what form the statement must take, but sets out six suggestions as to what information it may include: § organisational structure of the business and its supply chains; § policies in relation to slavery and human trafficking; § due diligence processes in relation to slavery and human trafficking in the business and supply chains; § identified areas of risk of slavery and human trafficking within the organisation, and the taken to assess and manage that risk; § effectiveness in ensuring that slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in its business or supply chains, measured against appropriate performance indicators; § the training about the issue available to its staff.
  9. 9. 9squirepattonboggs.com Who do the provisions apply to? § Any commercial organisation; § Carrying out a business or part of a business in the UK which supplies goods or services; and § With a total annual turnover (including that of any subsidiary companies) of not less than £36m.
  10. 10. 10squirepattonboggs.com Why should you comply? § An important issue – morally right to do so. § Although no financial or criminal sanctions, failure to comply could lead to an injunction being granted against a non-compliant organisation in the High Court. § Reputational damage of not complying, e.g. threat to brand value, company reputation and investor relations. § Potential to discourage modern day slavery activity within your supply chain if seen to be acting against it. § Guidance
  11. 11. 11squirepattonboggs.com Abu Dhabi Atlanta Beijing Berlin Birmingham Böblingen Bratislava Brussels Cincinnati Cleveland Columbus Dallas Darwin Denver Doha Dubai Frankfurt Hong Kong Houston Leeds London Los Angeles Madrid Manchester Miami Moscow New Jersey New York Northern Virginia Palo Alto Paris Perth Phoenix Prague Riyadh San Francisco Global Coverage Africa Brazil Caribbean/Central America India Israel Italy Mexico Turkey Ukraine Office locations Regional desks and strategic alliances Santo Domingo Seoul Shanghai Singapore Sydney Tampa Tokyo Warsaw Washington DC West Palm Beach
  12. 12. United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  13. 13. Sustainable Development Goals: Modern Slavery 5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation 8.7 Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms 16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children
  14. 14. Modern Slavery Act 2015 In 2015, the UK government introduced legislation that requires all businesses operating in the UK with a turnover greater than £36m to publish an annual statement detailing activities performed in the past year to eradicate modern slavery within their organisation and supply chain. It also: • Consolidated and simplified existing offences into a single act • Ensures perpetrators can receive suitably severe punishments for these appalling crimes – including life sentences • Created role of Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner to improve and better coordinate the response to modern slavery
  15. 15. What practical actions can organisations take? Part 1 Susan Banister Slave-Free Alliance
  16. 16. Procurement • Ensure all UK workers receive minimum wage and have robust immigration checks. • Map supply chains to identify where there is highest risk and exposure to modern slavery • Undertake site inspections • Provide training to employees and local suppliers on modern slavery risks and compliance • Review supplier contracts to include obligations to comply with MSA 2015
  17. 17. Ethical Hiring and Recruiting • Experience has shown that recruitment stage is often where workers are most at risk from modern slavery exploitation, especially where third party labour recruiters are involved. • Only work with formal labour providers who are legitimate, registered business entities • Have clear Service Level Agreements in place with your labour provider • Conducting checks on the labour providers’ management systems, including agency worker documents • Have regular conversations with agency workers to understand if they have been treated correctly
  18. 18. Ethical Recruitment and Hiring • Recruitment stage is often where workers are most at risk of modern slavery exploitation especially where third party labour providers are involved. • Only work with formal labour providers who are legitimate, registered business entities • Have clear Service Level Agreements in place with your labour provider • Conduct checks on their management systems including documentation • Have regular conversations with the agency workers to understand if they have been treated correctly Table discussion time
  19. 19. What practical actions can organisations take? Part 2 Susan Banister Slave-Free Alliance
  20. 20. “AstraZeneca is very pleased to be the first life sciences member of Slave-Free Alliance. We chose you for the hands-on experience in working with victims globally, for actively engaging with companies to assess their risk management frameworks and to advise on improvements. We see a great gain for our business to tap into the first hand, true global experience and knowledge that Slave-Free Alliance has as part of the bigger Hope for Justice umbrella. We’re looking forward to a great partnership and a very active dialogue.” Jim Massey, VP Sustainability Strategy and Engagement What do others say?
  21. 21. susan.banister@slavefreealliance.org 07857 905146

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