Wheat: The Grain at the Center of Civilization

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Presentation delivered by Dr. Rachel Laudan (Food historian, UK) at Borlaug Summit on Wheat for Food Security. March 25 - 28, 2014, Ciudad Obregon, Mexico.
http://www.borlaug100.org

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Wheat: The Grain at the Center of Civilization

  1. 1. Wheat: The Grain at the Center of Civilization Rachel Laudan Ph. D. www.rachellaudan.com
  2. 2. 1. Wheat as one among many grains, 20,000 B.C.-200 B.C.
  3. 3. Pottage Barley Bread Porridge & Pottage Gruel & Atole Beer & Rice ‘Wine’
  4. 4. Grains provision cities (25,000) and armies 2 lbs per person per day
  5. 5. Grain for Ea Grain for Demeter
  6. 6. Civilized=Grain Eater Barbarian=Non -Grain Eater
  7. 7. Grinding Slaves (20% working population grinds)
  8. 8. 2. Wheat the basis of the Eurasian Empires, 200 B.C.- 1900 A.D.
  9. 9. Libya, 13th c China 1st c England 15th c
  10. 10. 6% of working population grind
  11. 11. 4% grind
  12. 12. Cities up to 1 million
  13. 13. Roti/Chapati
  14. 14. Lavash Naan
  15. 15. Tharid
  16. 16. Bakery of Eurysaces, Rome, ca 50 B.C.
  17. 17. Early Christian Communion with Roman Bread
  18. 18. Making and drying pasta 14th c Pies baking in portable oven
  19. 19. Bread For the rich For the poor
  20. 20. Breadstones, Wishford, England
  21. 21. Women march on Versailles in November 1787
  22. 22. 3. Wheat and the Global Dietary Crisis 1880- 1920
  23. 23. Canadian Pacific Wheat Train, 1907 Wheat Ship South Australia to London, ca 1900
  24. 24. Buffalo, NY London
  25. 25. Cooperative Wholesale Society Mills, London, ca. 1900
  26. 26. Roller Mills Motorized Presses
  27. 27. French Bakery, ca 1900
  28. 28. Cities of 6 million
  29. 29. German Mobile Bakeries, WWI Royal Navy Bakery WWII
  30. 30. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Global Culinary Crisis: Bread or Rice/Maize?
  31. 31. 4. Wheat as the Grain for All, 1920s--
  32. 32. Cargill grail elevator, Duluth Grain Hoppers in Vancouver
  33. 33. Upper Egypt Mills Nippon Flour Mills, Japan
  34. 34. Cities of 20 million
  35. 35. Herbert Hoover sends wheat to Belgium Embroidered flour sacks sent in thanks
  36. 36. Baguette in Vietnam Hamburger in Korea
  37. 37. Mexican Flour Tortillas In Japan
  38. 38. Pita Bread Pan or Tortilla Arabe
  39. 39. Bambino in India Grande in Zaire
  40. 40. Instant Noodle Vending Machine, Japan Noodle Aisle, Vietnam
  41. 41. Thank You Rachel Laudan www.rachellaudan.com rachel@rachellaudan.com

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