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From GreenSeeker to GreenSat
Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio, Urs Schulthess,
Bram Govaerts and Carlos Dobler

Modernización Sustent...
Yaqui Valley
Yaqui Valley
230,000 has
160,000 wheat
Safflower, maize, garbanzo, alfalfa, vegetable and citrus crops
Agro ecologically r...
Yaqui Valley
Average wheat yield 2011-2012
7.2 t/ha

Average N Rate
250 kgN/ha
Percentage Nitrogen Recovery in
Wheat in the Yaqui Valley
(average of 30 fields)
R E C U P E R A C IO N D E N IT R O G E N...
Beman et al. 2005
Nature
Costs of Production Wheat Cycle 2009-2010
Soil preparation

$1,470

11%

Planting

$1,267

9%

Fertilization

$3,654

26%
...
Management for Improved N use
Efficiency
1. Rate
2. Timing
3. Source

4. Placemente
Cumulative nitrogen absorption curve in wheat
240

Nitrogen absorption (kg/ha)

220

75%

Farmer’s Practice
250 N

200
180...
Sensor Technology
Diagnostic tool that
allows us to establish N
fertilization needs for
each individual field
SITE SPECIFI...
Technology Components
1. N Rich Strip
2. NDVI reading in the N rich strip and the
field that will be diagnosed.

3. Use of...
20 has

N Rich
Strip

10 meters

Apply pre-plant or
at planting
2. NDVI reading in the N rich strip and the
farmer’s field that will be diagnosed

Measurement: As close as possible to th...
3. Use of the Crop Algorithm to derive a N
recommendation
AreaArea manejada con el Sensor GreenSeeker Southern Sonora
Under GreenSeeker Management in en el Sur de Sonora
10000
V. Y...
Reduction in the cost of production,
while maintaining yield using the
GreenSeeker
68 kgN/ha
13.5 pesos/kgN = 918 pesos/ha...
Mexicali Valley

Yaqui and Mayo
Vallies
Fuerte Valley
Guanajuato
Culiacan, Sinaloa

300 has

Ocoroni, Sinaloa

50 has

Pastor Ortiz, Guanajuato

1000 has
Mexicali, Baja California

4,200 ...
30,000 USD

120,000 USD

5,000 USD

500 USD
Satellite N Diagnostics with Rapid
Eye
Example of a wheat field with an N rich
strip
Relationship between NDVI measured with GreenSeeker vs a
satellite image from 23 January, 2012
Information from:
• 15 fiel...
SPOT 6
•

Launched September 9, 2012

•

Collaboration with SIAP, (Servicio de
Información Agroalimentaria y Pesquera)

•
...
GreenSat with SPOT 6
http://gismap.ciat.cgiar.org/egiron/MasAgroTTF/GreenSat/v1/
Identification of field variability

Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional MasAgro (CIMMYT)

Sitio Web: ...
Feb 7, 2013
Nitrogen Diagnostics

Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional MasAgro (CIMMYT)

Sitio Web: http://masagro....
Feb 7, 2013
Feb 7, 2013
Feb 7, 2013
Feb 7, 2013
Feb 7, 2013
Validation Wheat Cycle 2013-2014
Thank you
For more information contact:

Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio
(i.ortiz-monasterio@cgiar.org)
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From GreenSeeker to GreenSat

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Remote sensing –Beyond images
Mexico 14-15 December 2013

The workshop was organized by CIMMYT Global Conservation Agriculture Program (GCAP) and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), the Mexican Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA), the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), CGIAR Research Program on Maize, the Cereal System Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) and the Sustainable Modernization of the Traditional Agriculture (MasAgro)

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From GreenSeeker to GreenSat

  1. 1. From GreenSeeker to GreenSat Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio, Urs Schulthess, Bram Govaerts and Carlos Dobler Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional MasAgro (CIMMYT) Sitio Web: http://masagro.cimmyt.org “El Programa Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional es un programa público, ajeno a cualquier partido político. Queda prohibido el uso para fines distintos a los establecidos en el Programa ”
  2. 2. Yaqui Valley
  3. 3. Yaqui Valley 230,000 has 160,000 wheat Safflower, maize, garbanzo, alfalfa, vegetable and citrus crops Agro ecologically representative of environments where 40% of the wheat is produced in the developing world
  4. 4. Yaqui Valley Average wheat yield 2011-2012 7.2 t/ha Average N Rate 250 kgN/ha
  5. 5. Percentage Nitrogen Recovery in Wheat in the Yaqui Valley (average of 30 fields) R E C U P E R A C IO N D E N IT R O G E N O E N T R IG O 31 % Recovery by the plant Losses Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional MasAgro (CIMMYT) Sitio Web: http://masagro.cimmyt.org “El Programa Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional es un programa público, ajeno a cualquier partido político. Queda prohibido el uso para fines distintos a los establecidos en el Programa ”
  6. 6. Beman et al. 2005 Nature
  7. 7. Costs of Production Wheat Cycle 2009-2010 Soil preparation $1,470 11% Planting $1,267 9% Fertilization $3,654 26% Irrigation and Drainage $1,753 13% Pest control $3,612 26% Harvesting $1,370 10% Other $720 5% Total $13,846 100% *Does not include interest Exchange rate 1 USD= 12.5 Mex peso Source: AOASS 2009
  8. 8. Management for Improved N use Efficiency 1. Rate 2. Timing 3. Source 4. Placemente
  9. 9. Cumulative nitrogen absorption curve in wheat 240 Nitrogen absorption (kg/ha) 220 75% Farmer’s Practice 250 N 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 25% 0% 20 0 Fertilization 0 20 40 60 80 Days after emergence 100 120
  10. 10. Sensor Technology Diagnostic tool that allows us to establish N fertilization needs for each individual field SITE SPECIFIC Colaboration with Oklahoma State University Bill Raun
  11. 11. Technology Components 1. N Rich Strip 2. NDVI reading in the N rich strip and the field that will be diagnosed. 3. Use of an algorithm to calculate the optimum N rate.
  12. 12. 20 has N Rich Strip 10 meters Apply pre-plant or at planting
  13. 13. 2. NDVI reading in the N rich strip and the farmer’s field that will be diagnosed Measurement: As close as possible to the first post plant irrigation but 40 days after planting.
  14. 14. 3. Use of the Crop Algorithm to derive a N recommendation
  15. 15. AreaArea manejada con el Sensor GreenSeeker Southern Sonora Under GreenSeeker Management in en el Sur de Sonora 10000 V. Yaqui V. Mayo Area (Ha) 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 -20 3-20 4-20 5-20 6-20 7-20 8-20 9-20 0-20 1-20 2-20 02 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
  16. 16. Reduction in the cost of production, while maintaining yield using the GreenSeeker 68 kgN/ha 13.5 pesos/kgN = 918 pesos/ha = 70 USD Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional MasAgro (CIMMYT) Sitio Web: http://masagro.cimmyt.org “El Programa Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional es un programa público, ajeno a cualquier partido político. Queda prohibido el uso para fines distintos a los establecidos en el Programa ”
  17. 17. Mexicali Valley Yaqui and Mayo Vallies Fuerte Valley Guanajuato
  18. 18. Culiacan, Sinaloa 300 has Ocoroni, Sinaloa 50 has Pastor Ortiz, Guanajuato 1000 has Mexicali, Baja California 4,200 has
  19. 19. 30,000 USD 120,000 USD 5,000 USD 500 USD
  20. 20. Satellite N Diagnostics with Rapid Eye
  21. 21. Example of a wheat field with an N rich strip
  22. 22. Relationship between NDVI measured with GreenSeeker vs a satellite image from 23 January, 2012 Information from: • 15 fields • N Rich Strips • Checks Total of 30 points GreenSeeker reading were collected within +/- 7 from when the satellite image was collected 1.00 0.90 NDVI from GreenSeeker 0.80 0.70 0.60 0.50 y = 0.0063x + 0.3 R2 = 0.75 0.40 0.30 0.20 0.10 0.00 0 20 40 60 NDVI from Satellite 80 100 This relationship does not fall in the 1:1 lines completely, this may require some adjustments in the N recommendations.
  23. 23. SPOT 6 • Launched September 9, 2012 • Collaboration with SIAP, (Servicio de Información Agroalimentaria y Pesquera) • Multispectral Resolution of 8 m • Free
  24. 24. GreenSat with SPOT 6 http://gismap.ciat.cgiar.org/egiron/MasAgroTTF/GreenSat/v1/
  25. 25. Identification of field variability Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional MasAgro (CIMMYT) Sitio Web: http://masagro.cimmyt.org “El Programa Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional es un programa público, ajeno a cualquier partido político. Queda prohibido el uso para fines distintos a los establecidos en el Programa ”
  26. 26. Feb 7, 2013
  27. 27. Nitrogen Diagnostics Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional MasAgro (CIMMYT) Sitio Web: http://masagro.cimmyt.org “El Programa Modernización Sustentable de la Agricultura Tradicional es un programa público, ajeno a cualquier partido político. Queda prohibido el uso para fines distintos a los establecidos en el Programa ”
  28. 28. Feb 7, 2013
  29. 29. Feb 7, 2013
  30. 30. Feb 7, 2013
  31. 31. Feb 7, 2013
  32. 32. Feb 7, 2013
  33. 33. Validation Wheat Cycle 2013-2014
  34. 34. Thank you For more information contact: Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio (i.ortiz-monasterio@cgiar.org)

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