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Community forward : developing descriptive cataloguing of rare materials (RDA Edition) as an open access standard / Elizabeth Hobart (Penn State University), Jessica Grzegorski (Newberry Library), and kalan Knudson Davis (University of Minnesota)

CILIP MDG
CILIP MDG

Since 2013, Resource Description and Access (RDA) has been the chief cataloguing standard used in the United States. In 2019, the RDA Steering Committee previewed a new version of the RDA Toolkit, which introduced substantial changes, such as replacing instructions with a series of options, adding new concepts such as “nomens” and “diachronic works,” and replacing the prior organisation with a broader intellectual framework. This revised Toolkit became the official RDA Toolkit in December 2020, with major cataloguing bodies planning to adopt it in the coming years. Some cataloguers have expressed concerns regarding the official RDA Toolkit, particularly around cost and training required to learn the new standard. In response to these concerns, the RBMS RDA Editorial Group, a group of volunteers from the Association of College and Research Libraries’ Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, developed a new manual, Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (RDA Edition). DCRMR is informed by core principles of community and sustainability while employing open-access publication models and infrastructure. Designed in response to community feedback, it presents instructions in cataloguing workflow order using clear language while remaining aligned to the official RDA Toolkit and RDA element sets. The manual was approved in February 2022 in its first iteration and continues to be actively developed and updated. This presentation will discuss why the editorial group created an open and free manual; the process and tools for creating the manual, including the use of GitHub to publish a cataloguing standard; and outcomes to date. Paper presented at the Metadata & Discovery Group Conference & RDA Day (6th - 8th Sept 2023 at IET Austin Court, Birmingham)

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Community forward: developing
Descriptive Cataloging of Rare
Materials (RDA Edition) as an open-
access standard
kalan Knudson Davis
Jessica Grzegorski
Elizabeth Hobart
CILIP Metadata and Discovery Group Conference
7th September 2023
CILIP Metadata & Discovery Group Conference 2023
#CILIPMDG2023
History
Date Event
2007 Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (Books) (DCRM(B)) published
2013 Library of Congress and Program for Cooperative Cataloging implement RDA
2014 Bibliographic Standards Committee (BSC) of the Rare Books and Manuscripts
Section (RBMS) begins work on rare materials policy statements for RDA
2017 RDA Restructure and Redesign (3R) Project announced
Complete draft of policy statements complete; further work put on hold
2019 Stabilized beta version of revised RDA Toolkit released
Draft RBMS policy statement for the original RDA Toolkit
Related instruction from original RDA Toolkit (left) and
official RDA Toolkit (right)
ALA Annual Conference, 2019
Community feedback
● Manual
● Workflow order
● Familiar instructions
● Citation numbers
Editorial group additions
● Integrating resource
● Combine all format-specific manuals
● Electronic resource
● Additionally publish policy statements to
include in RDA Toolkit
Principles and constraints
Principles
● Familiar language
● Integrating, online resource
● Freely available
● Transparency and sustainability
Constraints
● Volunteer committee
● Operating without a budget
● Lack of paid developers
○ Decision to host in GitHub
“We support efforts to make standards and tools financially,
intellectually, and technologically accessible to all cataloguers, and
developed with evidence-based research and stakeholder input.”--
Cataloguing Code of Ethics

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Community forward : developing descriptive cataloguing of rare materials (RDA Edition) as an open access standard / Elizabeth Hobart (Penn State University), Jessica Grzegorski (Newberry Library), and kalan Knudson Davis (University of Minnesota)

  • 1. Community forward: developing Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (RDA Edition) as an open- access standard kalan Knudson Davis Jessica Grzegorski Elizabeth Hobart CILIP Metadata and Discovery Group Conference 7th September 2023 CILIP Metadata & Discovery Group Conference 2023 #CILIPMDG2023
  • 2. History Date Event 2007 Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (Books) (DCRM(B)) published 2013 Library of Congress and Program for Cooperative Cataloging implement RDA 2014 Bibliographic Standards Committee (BSC) of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Section (RBMS) begins work on rare materials policy statements for RDA 2017 RDA Restructure and Redesign (3R) Project announced Complete draft of policy statements complete; further work put on hold 2019 Stabilized beta version of revised RDA Toolkit released
  • 3. Draft RBMS policy statement for the original RDA Toolkit
  • 4. Related instruction from original RDA Toolkit (left) and official RDA Toolkit (right)
  • 5. ALA Annual Conference, 2019 Community feedback ● Manual ● Workflow order ● Familiar instructions ● Citation numbers Editorial group additions ● Integrating resource ● Combine all format-specific manuals ● Electronic resource ● Additionally publish policy statements to include in RDA Toolkit
  • 6. Principles and constraints Principles ● Familiar language ● Integrating, online resource ● Freely available ● Transparency and sustainability Constraints ● Volunteer committee ● Operating without a budget ● Lack of paid developers ○ Decision to host in GitHub “We support efforts to make standards and tools financially, intellectually, and technologically accessible to all cataloguers, and developed with evidence-based research and stakeholder input.”-- Cataloguing Code of Ethics
  • 7. In the beginning… … there was an empty repository.
  • 8. Migration to GitHub ● Atomizing DCRM(B) instructions into respective RDA elements ● Rewriting instructions to embrace or clarifly application of RDA elements ● Drafting the Order of the Text ● Building the initial website architecture ● Utilizing the atomized Google Documents as the basis for website’s text ● Populating Markdown files ● Adding the drafted Markdown files to the repository
  • 9. Centering Community: Manifesting the Mandate ● Utilizes GitHub as a platform ● Stores codebase ● Deploys website via GitHub Pages ● Written in Markdown ● Transforms into static website using Jekyll theme ● Clones the Minimal Mistakes two-column Jekyll template ● Informed by and collaborates with the work of other open projects and standards
  • 10. Centering Openness: 0 Money = ∞ Creativity ● Built with a variety of free and/or open tools such as: Python, Anaconda Navigator, Ruby, Jekyll, Git Bash, Jupyter Notebooks, pypandoc, docxcompose, GitHub Pages, css, html, javascript, GitHub, and Notepad++ ● Offered reverently as PDF tribute ● Homebrewed python scripts
  • 11. Developing Cyclical Editorial Workflows 1. Current text in GitHub 2. Python script on Markdown 3. Convert to Word Docs 4. Upload to Google Docs 5. Group Editing 6. Edit the text in GitHub 7. Python script on Markdown 8. Convert to Word Docs 9. Print to PDF GitHub Editors and Keepers PDF
  • 12. Forks and Branches: The Restaurant
  • 13. Branches ● Holds commited changes ● Eases CSS and other presentation of content ● Accessibility experimentation ● Tests Jekyll updates before implementation ● Provides GitHub maintainers a sandbox to get real-time feedback ● Merges into the main branch upon chief editors’ approval
  • 14. Forks ● Shares code and visibility settings with the original “upstream” repository ● Iterates on ideas or changes before they are proposed back to the upstream repository ● Allows editorial group members to view the “development” text via an alternate deployment while leaving the “production” text available at bsc.rbms.info
  • 15. Centering Sustainability: Documentation ● Hosts DCRMR Editorial Guidelines Wiki ● Relies on communal efforts, not individuals, to allow for people to step back, step down, and maintain their own well-being ● Integrates succession planning, open sharing of knowledge, and extensive documentation into DCRMR’s workflows and planning ● Embraces dynamic processes
  • 16. Making DCRMR Citable ● Community-centered standards holds us accountable to future!us ● Promotes transparency through GitHub releases ● Eases scholarly research on the development of the standard by assigning Zenodo DOIs to DCRMR releases
  • 17. Community input shapes DCRMR ● RBMS Bibliographic Standards Committee votes to approve DCRMR in November 2021 ● Public review period, November- December 2021 ○ Collected feedback via Google form ○ Hosted two public forums over Zoom ● DCRMR published 2 February 2022 following vote by RBMS Executive Committee bsc.rbms.info/DCRMR/
  • 18. Hello, world! Welcome, DCRMR As of 1 September 2023: 5,707 DCRMR records in OCLC WorldCat Global DCRMR usage statistics from the past 90 days (June-August 2023)
  • 19. Integrating resource = Iterative editorial process Ongoing maintenance and development of DCRMR will respond to quarterly release schedule of RDA Toolkit RDA update Review release notes Edit DCRMR as needed DCRMR update released
  • 20. DCRMR 2nd major release: New content DCRMR 2022.2.0.0 released November 2022 ● Added glossary with terms from DCRM manuals updated to align with RDA ● Changed two element names that had been changed in the March 2022 release of RDA Toolkit ● Added general rules to all elements that previously lacked them
  • 21. DCRMR 2nd major release: Changelog ● Communicates changes to text, site architecture, and code repository to DCRMR users ● Documentation on versioning and version numbering system on DCRMR wiki: rb.gy/jzez2
  • 22. In development: Instructions for still images ● Work currently underway on incorporating instructions from DCRM(G) manual ● Draft expected for public review in 2024 Editorial work on still image instructions in process
  • 23. In development: RBMS Policy Statements ● Possible mock-up of RBMS Policy Statements in RDA Toolkit ● First iteration of PSs expected by mid-2024 RBMS PS Apply the option if following the alternative DCRMR instruction to retain original capitalization and punctuation. See DCRMR 0.4.05.1, 5.21.3.1. RBMS PS Do not apply the option. See DCRMR 0.4.05.1, 5.21.3.1. RBMS PS Apply DCRMR transcription guidelines. See DCRMR 0.4.05.1, 5.21.3.1. RBMS PS Apply the option. See DCRMR 5.21.3.2.
  • 24. Open and free standard = ∞ possibilities creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
  • 25. Community reuse of DCRMR: Technical infrastructure “The Open Rules for Cataloging (ORC) project supports the cataloging community in a pragmatic and freely available manner while adhering to cataloging ethics and established best practices. The ORC Core Committee endeavors to create guidelines and models that are straightforward, comprehensible, and inclusive to all types of library communities.” openrulesforcatalogingproject.github.io/ORC/about/Scope/
  • 26. Community reuse of DCRMR: Adapting content Alte Drucke (“Old Prints”) Working Group of Committee on Library Standards for German- speaking countries is translating DCRMR instructions relating to extent into German for use in online cataloging manual wiki.dnb.de/display/STAC/AG+Alte+Drucke
  • 27. It takes a village to raise a cataloguing standard, but it takes a community to make it thrive.
  • 28. Questions? Contact us: kalan Knudson Davis - kkdavis@umn.edu Jessica Grzegorski - grzegorskij@newberry.org Elizabeth Hobart - efh7@psu.edu RBMS RDA Editorial Group and DCRMR chief editors - dcrm.rda@gmail.com

Editor's Notes

  1. Good afternoon. We are so happy to be here to talk to you about our work developing Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (RDA Edition), or DCRMR. DCRMR is a community-centered open-access standard for describing rare materials using the official RDA Toolkit. My name is Elizabeth Hobart. I served as co-chief editor of DCRMR from 2019-2022. Today, I will be presenting on the history of the standard, as well as our editorial principles and constraints.
  2. In 2007, Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (Books), or DCRM(B), was published by the Rare Books and Manuscripts Section. This was the first of six format-specific manuals aligned with AACR2. At the time DCRM(B) was published, the editorial group already knew that RDA was coming. Given the time already invested in the Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials suite, a decision was made to continue work, rather than delay until after RDA’s publication. In 2013, the Library of Congress and the Program for Cooperative Cataloging implemented RDA. In 2014, the Bibliographic Standards Committee, or BSC, of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Section began work on creating a set of rare materials policy statements to be included in the RDA Toolkit. Work on that was already well underway when, in 2017, the RDA Restructure and Redesign project, also known as the 3R project, was announced. The policy statement editorial group completed a draft of their policy statements around this time and put further work on hold pending the completion of the 3R project. In 2019, the RDA Steering Committee released a stabilized beta version of the revised RDA Toolkit. This led to a change in direction, as the work previously completed by the editorial group couldn’t be used in its existing form.
  3. To illustrate this, this slide shows the method the editorial group had employed to create the policy statements. On the left, we have the text from the original RDA Toolkit. On the right, we have the draft of the rare materials policy statement.
  4. This slide shows the evolution of that same instruction from the original RDA Toolkit to the official RDA Toolkit on the right. In the original Toolkit, we have the instruction, “Do not transcribe words that serve as an introduction and are not intended to be part of the title.” In the official Toolkit, we are given two options: to either omit introductory words or to include them. Guidance about which option to select will need to come from community guidance. Since we hadn’t prepared for that, the editorial group needed to take a step back and reexamine our past work in preparation for the official RDA Toolkit.
  5. To decide on a new approach, we held a series of meetings at ALA Annual in 2019, seeking feedback from the rare materials cataloging community. The feedback we received was clear. The community wanted a manual in workflow order, preserving familiar instructions and including citation numbers. Since the feedback we received was so clear, we decided to implement all of these, with a few of our own additions. We would publish the manual as an integrating resource to stay responsive to changes in RDA. It would combine all of the format-specific manuals into a single manual. We would publish it electronically. And we would still publish an additional set of policy statements in the RDA Toolkit in addition to the manual.
  6. As we began work creating the manual, these formed the basis for our editorial group’s principles, including use of familiar language and publishing as an integrating online resource. In addition, we felt it was important to make DCRMR freely available. RDA is a subscription resource, which can be a barrier for institutions with fewer resources. We wished to make our manual equally available to anyone with internet access. This sentiment is also echoed in the quotation from the Cataloguing Code of Ethics: “We support efforts to make standards and tools financially, intellectually, and technologically accessible to all cataloguers, and developed with evidence-based research and stakeholder input.” Financial accessibility and stakeholder input are in the very bedrock of DCRMR. Finally, we would seek to operate with transparency and sustainability. We do have a few constraints, however. One, DCRMR is created by an all-volunteer committee. Every member of the group is doing this work in addition to their own jobs and lives, which means that, when higher priorities emerge, work on DCRMR sometimes needs to be put on hold. We operate without a budget, meaning we rely heavily on free and open tools. Related to both, we have no paid developers, so any technological work needs to be done by members of the committee. These constraints led us to publish the standard in GitHub. I’m now going to hand the mic to kalan, who will talk about our technological development of DCRMR while centering community.
  7. Hi all, my name is kalan Knudson Davis, i am the Rare and Special Collections Metadata Librarian at the University of Minnesota. For the next little while, i’ll be continuing on from Elizabeth’s narrative regarding the community feedback given to us in summer of 2019 and delving into some of the technical decisions that led to the manifestation of DCRMR. In January 2020 at ALA Midwinter, there was a series of RBMS Bibliographic Standards Committee meetings. During these meetings, the decision was made to implement GitHub as a platform for the new, stand-alone manual. At that point, i had taken a few Library Carpentry classes on Git and python. When the call came out for volunteers to migrate the text, i jumped at the opportunity. Although she is not able to be here to present with us today, i would also like to take a moment to recognize the work of Amy Tims, of the American Antiquarian Society, who asked me to help with this migration. Amy and i served as “co-Keepers” of the Text. The “Keeper of the Text” title had long been used honorifically to indicate a member of the editorial group responsible for line-editing and wordsmithing revisions. We didn’t know how much the Keeper role would dramatically change as we learned to be GitHub Maintainers as well. Four days after taking up the responsibility as a “Keeper”, i would be sent home from the library due to the COVID-19 lockdowns. This screenshot illustrates the very first efforts saved to the DCRMR repository.
  8. A good portion of autumn 2019 was spent atomizing DCRM(B) instructions into respective RDA Elements and rewording those instructions in the context of RDA The screen capture is an early draft of the DCRMR text, specifically for the “Note on Extent of Manifestation” RDA element. The “X.X” in the screenshot of the instructions indicates that the citation numbering schema had not been invented yet. Cleaving to the community desire for a manual in cataloging workflow order, the “Order of the Text” largely followed ISBD traditions. After which, the website’s infrastructure could be built out– namely, the left-handed navigation pane featuring DCRMR’s chapters and a listing of RDA elements within those chapters. The atomized Google Documents that were drafted in 2019 became the basis for populating the text of the website in the Covid summer of 2020.
  9. The screen capture is what our GitHub repository currently looks like. The repository stores our codebase and GitHub Pages deploys our static website from the main branch. DCRMR text is written in Markdown, a lightweight markup language, which is transformed into a website using the Jekyll theme. After a bit of experimentation, we decided to use the Minimal Mistakes Jekyll theme, a two-column template, with the understanding that this was the template used by Describing Archival Materials (DACS), which is an open descriptive standard widely used by archivists, although our implementation of Minimal Mistakes was slightly more complex in scope given the number of the RDA elements required. We are indebted always to our predecessors and their invaluable work.
  10. If the RDA ELEMENT SET is the LEGO bricks of the Bibliographic Universe, DCRMR is the booklet of build instructions that came with the LEGO set pieces you just purchased. The technology stack, as listed here, became the way to write that booklet. It’s a not so quiet secret that DCRMR is PDF Tribute to Aaron Swartz, Aaron was a co-inventor of Markdown publishing format and was one of the early contributors to the Creative Commons infrastructure under which DCRMR is made available. This screen shot shows the python script converts and combines all 120-some Markdown files that contain the DCRMR text into a single printable word document that today is over 378 pages in length. As inventions of necessity and good ideas tend to go, the conversion python script itself, oddly enough, was a champagne-like accident. We knew that we weren’t going to be able to train everyone in the Editorial Group to use GitHub. Not everyone wanted to or had the capacity to do that, and we didn’t want GitHub to be a bottleneck or a reason folks feel they couldn’t contribute, so instead, i wrote the script so that we could facilitate an internal review and get feedback on the text from all the Editorial Group members, we used that same code to facilitate the Bibliographic Standards Committee review, and it is the same script used to create the downloadable PDF.
  11. As i just previously mentioned, the repository also contains the current version a python script that ingests those Markdown files and the script spits out a docx file. This word document is post-processed and reformatted a bit. And uploaded to Google Documents. These Google Documents become the instrument of change. DCRMR is people-powered, this step is arguably the most important because this is how DCRMR grows and changes. The RBMS RDA Editorial Group members discuss, edit, and review the Google Documents and the Editors sign off on those revisions line by line. The Keepers make those editor-approved changes to the Markdown Files in a development branch of the repository, and then after BSC or public review, we merge those changes back into the main branch. The Keepers again run the script to convert the newly edited Markdown files that power the website. The resultant word file is post-processed and reformatted a bit. And saved as a PDF. Then, the PDF itself is uploaded to the GitHub repository.
  12. On this slide, is what is called a “Git graph.” The top line of the Git graph represents the Main branch of the repository OR the “production” version of the DCRMR text– the approved version of the text that folks are actually using to catalog things. The second line below that weaves in and out represent development branches. The Keepers make a series of changes, and save those changes or COMMIT those changes on a development branch. In this graphic, the white circles represent commits. Red circles represent the points where the text is merged. Blue circles represent GitHub releases.
  13. The development branch holds all those committed changes in reserve for us until we are ready to merge them into the production version of the website. Branches can also allow us to play with the CSS formatting or presentation of content. They ease accessibility experimentation and allow us to test new releases of the Jekyll theme without accidentally introducing errors into the production environment Essentially, Branches are a “sandbox” so we can get real-time feedback from the editorial group before implementing those changes. This screenshot illustrates the ongoing work in our current development branch.
  14. A Fork is an exact replica of the upstream GitHub repository as it exists in time, what it allows us to change which branch is being broadcasted out by GitHub Pages. So, essentially, the “production” version of the text is unaffected and still continues to exist at the bsc.rbms.info url, but a “development and review only” version of the website can be created and broadcast through a different url using the development branch as its build source instead. This screenshot shows the “Development version” of the website which includes instructions for cataloging graphic materials derived from the DCRM(G) manual. That way, the RBMS Editorial Group members are able to review the development version of the text exactly as it “were the real thing”. Then, we merge the “development branch” into the “main branch” thus changing the contents of the “production” text. The development becomes real.
  15. DCRMR was developed literally at a time where we weren’t sure if the next meeting we attended would be the last where we saw one another. Thus, we documented everything. No exceptions. GitHub eased shared and asynchronous programming tasks between different remote contributors during COVID-19 and its aftermath, just as GitHub inbuilt wiki functionality also eased centering documentation efforts. Transparent documentation ensures that the work has, and always will, continue to live beyond us and that others can follow in those or similar steps. This screenshot is one small snippet of our current DCRMR wiki which gives “how tos” on absolutely everything from deprecating citation numbers to changing the the cover art.
  16. In contributing to the rare materials cataloging community, we need to ensure that future!scholars are able to cite different versions of the DCRMR text and trace the evolution of rare materials cataloging standards through time. We used Zenodo to publish and assign DOIs to DCRMR releases. As we can see from the screenshot, one DOI represents “DCRMR” as a concept and resolves to the latest release while others are assigned to specific packages. i will now pass the microphone over to Jessica to talk more about community input processes, new content, and DCRMR’s changelog.
  17. Good afternoon, all. I’m Jessica Grzegorski, and I’m delighted to be with you today. I recently completed a two-year term as co-chief editor of DCRMR and remain involved as an Editorial Group member. I’m going to discuss the initial publication of DCRMR, improvements we’ve made to the standard in subsequent releases, future developments, and ways in which different communities of practice have repurposed our open standard. Using the tools and workflow that kalan just described, the Editorial Group prepared the first iteration of DCRMR and submitted a complete draft to the RBMS Bibliographic Standards Committee, which voted to approve it in November 2021. The following two months were devoted to public review. We solicited feedback via a Google form and hosted two public forums over Zoom to accommodate different time zones. DCRMR garnered international interest. We received constructive feedback from representatives at the Library of Congress, the Rare Books Section of the National Library of Spain, the Rare Books and Special Collections Group of CILIP, and the IFLA Rare Books and Special Collections Section, among others. DCRMR was approved for release on the 2nd of February 2022, following a vote by the RBMS Executive Committee.
  18. Like RDA, DCRMR is an integrating resource that will be updated over time. Editorial work follows an iterative process and responds to changes to RDA. After the RDA Steering Committee issues new releases of the RDA Toolkit, generally on a quarterly schedule, the Editorial Group carefully reviews the release notes. We then plan for any necessary changes to DCRMR so that it remains aligned with RDA. Examples of changes to RDA that would require revisions to DCRMR include revisions to RDA element names or definitions and the deprecation, or phasing out, of elements over time.
  19. In addition to responding to changes to RDA, the Editorial Group continues to make iterative changes to DCRMR to meet the needs of the rare materials cataloging community. The second major release of DCRMR was issued in November 2022. It included a glossary of general and rare book-specific terms from the DCRM manuals, updated to align with RDA terminology. Two element names were changed to match their new labels in the Toolkit’s March 2022 release. To bring clarity and uniformity to the instructions as a whole, we also added general rules at the beginning of each element’s instructions in all cases where the elements lacked them.
  20. We are committed to transparency in our editorial process and documentation. To that end, DCRMR release 2022.1 introduced a formal changelog versioning system, which communicates changes to the text, site architecture, and code repository to DCRMR users. DCRMR’s version numbering system is documented on the repository’s wiki. It includes information about what is considered a major change, minor change, or bug fix, and how changes are documented.
  21. DCRMR currently includes instructions for cataloging rare books only. However, as Elizabeth mentioned earlier, DCRMR will eventually include instructions from all of the format-specific manuals in the original DCRM suite. The Editorial Group is currently working on incorporating instructions from the DCRM graphics manual, often referred to as DCRM(G). We plan to complete a draft for public review sometime in 2024.
  22. In addition to the ongoing development of DCRMR, the Editorial Group is in the process of drafting lightweight policy statements for rare materials cataloging. The RBMS Policy Statements will be integrated into the RDA Toolkit in the same manner that policy statements from other institutions and communities, such as the British Library, are. The first iteration will cover rare books only; the Editorial Group will add statements covering additional formats as they are incorporated into DCRMR. In order to create a sustainable model for updating and maintaining the policy statements, we are relying on boilerplate language, such as “Apply the option,” “Do not apply the option,” or “Cataloger’s judgment,” with a link to a specific instruction in DCRMR for additional guidance. This slide shows a mock-up of how the statements might look in the Toolkit, but the draft text is certainly not final. We expect to publish the first iteration in the Toolkit by mid-2024.
  23. The Editorial Group has followed the guiding principles of accessibility, openness, and sustainability throughout the development of DCRMR. The base code in DCRMR’s GitHub repository is available for anyone to copy and repurpose. The content of the standard is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license. This means that anyone can share or adapt the text in any format they like, provided that they give attribution, use it for non-commercial purposes, and use the same license when they distribute it. Next, I’ll highlight two communities of practice that have creatively repurposed DCRMR.
  24. The Open Rules for Cataloging project was initiated in 2019 with the goal of creating open access cataloging rules. ORC strives to create cataloging guidelines and models that are straightforward, comprehensible, and inclusive of many types of library communities. The project supports the creation of a pragmatic, community-based, and freely available standard that adheres to cataloging ethics and best practices. To that end, the ORC community is building its standard on DCRMR’s code base in GitHub. This allows them to build their own content upon DCRMR’s free and open technical infrastructure, which, as kalan explained, was itself built with free and open tools.
  25. Another community is repurposing the content of DCRMR. The Alte Drucke, or Old Prints, working group, one of the format-specific working groups of the Committee on Library Standards for German-speaking countries, is in the process of translating portions of DCRMR relating to extent. These instructions will be incorporated into an online cataloging manual for libraries in German-speaking countries adopting the Official RDA Toolkit.
  26. DCRMR is a standard made by the rare materials cataloging community for the rare materials cataloging community. The RBMS RDA Editorial Group is a dedicated group of volunteers who work in the field, and we are committed to developing and supporting a standard that is broadly useful to our community. As a free and open standard built on existing best practices, DCRMR has also found a place in the wider cataloging community, and we encourage others to build on it and other open projects to make cataloging tools as accessible as possible. After all, it takes a village to raise a cataloging standard, but it takes a community to make it thrive.