Tropical Wetland Initiatives for        Climate Adaptation and MitigationTHINKING beyond the canopy
Outline Introduction   • Partnership   •   Wetlands and REDD Capacity building and Networking   • Training Workshop   • ...
Emerging challenges:Draining peatlands and GHG emissions                        3   THINKING beyond the canopy
Large belowground pools                                1,600 Ecosystem C storage (Mg ha )                                 ...
TWINCAM partners in Indonesia                                                          Timika       • Berbak (Nat. Park) ...
TWINCAM sites in Indonesia                   4                                                            6    1          ...
•   Ketapang/FFI/Kalbar                                                                      •   Kapuas Hulu /FORCLIME/Kal...
Training workshop             8   THINKING beyond the canopy
GHG fluxes approaches• Chamber method• Flux tower, fire emissionsC-stocks approaches• Land-use change• Above- and below-gr...
Capacity building             10   THINKING beyond the canopy
Sampling protocol                    Trees >5 cm dbh                  Wood debris transects                 Trees <5 cm db...
Sonneratia sp.   Rhizophora sp. Avicennia sp.    Bruguiera sp.                 THINKING beyond the canopy
13   THINKING beyond the canopy
14   THINKING beyond the canopy
15   THINKING beyond the canopy
16   THINKING beyond the canopy
17   THINKING beyond the canopy
CNS Analyzer installed at IPB Lab                     18   THINKING beyond the canopy
ForestCDB – alpha version                     Accommodates                        5 carbon pools                        (...
Landing page for contributors                    THINKING beyond the canopy
UNFCCC SBSTA  Side event SBSTA-32 identified the limitation of   the IPCC 2006 for GHGs National   Inventory Invited IPC...
IPCC Guidelines – 2006Stock-change approach                          Flux difference approach                        Vol. ...
IPCC 2006 Land Classification      Forest land      • All woody vegetation according to national definitions      Cropland...
IPCC Guidelines – 2006               24   THINKING beyond the canopy
2013 IPCC Supplement: Wetlands1.   Introduction2.   Cross-cutting guidance on organic soils3.   Rewetting and restoration ...
IPCC Workplan            THINKING beyond the canopy
Publications on wetlands                27   THINKING beyond the canopy
Publications28   THINKING beyond the canopy
Global surveyMexico            Gabon             VietnamCosta Rica        Mozambique        IndiaEcuador                  ...
Summary 2012 workplan Deliverables                              Date                   RemarksProtocols for the measuremen...
Global wetland mapWP                     Task                              Number of                                      ...
Terima kasih         32   THINKING beyond the canopy
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Tropical Wetland Initiatives for Climate Adaptation and Mitigation

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The understated roles of tropical wetlands in the existing Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Guidelines (IPCC 2006) require substantial research inputs to narrow information gaps. Tropical wetlands of the world, including mangroves and peatlands, are of great interest because of the numerous ecosystem services at risk from converting these lands to other uses. These ecosystems both affect and are affected by climate change. And the large carbon stocks of tropical wetlands represent a high potential economic value should carbon markets become established and mature. Knowledge generated from collaborative research on tropical wetlands in Indonesia can provide information of global relevance for the supplement of the IPCC Guidelines. In this presentation, CIFOR scientist Daniel Murdiyarso gives an update on the achievements, recent developments and plan ahead for the Tropical Wetland Initiatives for Climate Adaptation and Mitigation (TWINCAM) project – including potential input into the IPCC Guidelines and an overview of training on sampling protocol to ensure consistency of data collection. He gave this presentation to USAID in Washington, US, on 29 February 2012.

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Tropical Wetland Initiatives for Climate Adaptation and Mitigation

  1. 1. Tropical Wetland Initiatives for Climate Adaptation and MitigationTHINKING beyond the canopy
  2. 2. Outline Introduction • Partnership • Wetlands and REDD Capacity building and Networking • Training Workshop • Writing Workshop • International Workshop Measurement campaigns Database development Outreach and communication • UNFCCC • IPCC • Blue carbon working group Publications 2 THINKING beyond the canopy
  3. 3. Emerging challenges:Draining peatlands and GHG emissions 3 THINKING beyond the canopy
  4. 4. Large belowground pools 1,600 Ecosystem C storage (Mg ha ) Aboveground live + dead -1 1,400 Soils 0-30 cm depth + roots 1,200 Soils below 30 cm depth 1,000 800 600 400 200 0 Boreal Temperate Tropical Mangrove Tropical upland peat swamp (Donato et al., 2011) 4 THINKING beyond the canopy
  5. 5. TWINCAM partners in Indonesia Timika  • Berbak (Nat. Park) Bintuni  • Sembilang (MRPP-giz) Teminabuan (Univ. Papua) • Sebangau (LIPI) • Sentarum (Tanjungpura Univ.) • Kubu Raya (FORDA) THINKING beyond the canopy
  6. 6. TWINCAM sites in Indonesia 4 6 1 3 7 5 2 8 Ecosystems Sites Peatlands 1 Berbak 5 Sebangau Mangroves 2 Sembilang 6 Teminabuan 3 Kubu Raya 7 Bintuni 4 Danau Sentarum 8 Timika THINKING beyond the canopy
  7. 7. • Ketapang/FFI/Kalbar • Kapuas Hulu /FORCLIME/Kalbar • Kapuas Hulu/FFI/KalbarPotential • Sentarum/FFI/Kalbar • Lamandau/YAYORIN-RARE/Kalteng • Rimba Raya/RRC-Infinite Earth/KaltengREDD+ projects • • • Katingan/RMU-Starling Resources/Kalteng Sebangau/WWF/Kalteng KFCP/AusAID-MoFo/Kalteng • Heart of Borneo/WWF/Kalteng • Kutai Barat/WWF/Kaltim • Kutai-Malinau/Global Green/Kaltim • RHOI/BOS/Kaltim • Malinau/GER/Kaltim • Malinau/FORCLIME/Kaltim • Berau Forest Carbon/TNC/Kaltim • Berau/FORCLIME/Kaltim • Mamuju/Inhutani/SulBar  • TN Lore Lindu/UNREDD-MoFo/Sulteng   • SM Nantu/YANI/Gorontalo • Poigar/ONF/Sulut                            • Merang/GiZ/Sumsel • Berbak/ZSL/Jambi • SFCP/AusAID-MoFo/Jambi • Lombok/KOICA-MoFo/NTB Biak-Rumfor/Emerald Planet  • Kampar Ring/APRIL/Riau • TN Meru Betiri/ITTO-MoFo/Jatim Mamberamo/New Forest  • Tesso Nilo/WWF/Riau Merauke-Mappi-Asmat/WWF  • Siberut/Global Green/Sumbar Jayapura/WWF  • Leuser/YLI/Aceh • Ulu Masen/Aceh Green/Aceh THINKING beyond the canopy • TEBE Project/YTM-AusAID/NTB
  8. 8. Training workshop 8 THINKING beyond the canopy
  9. 9. GHG fluxes approaches• Chamber method• Flux tower, fire emissionsC-stocks approaches• Land-use change• Above- and below-ground biomassEcosystem approaches• Remote sensing• Modeling of land-use and C-dynamicsIPCC processes Guidelines on wetlands’ Chapter Activity data, emission factorsCC Adaptation and Mitigation Human dimensions Adaptation strategies 9 THINKING beyond the canopy
  10. 10. Capacity building 10 THINKING beyond the canopy
  11. 11. Sampling protocol Trees >5 cm dbh Wood debris transects Trees <5 cm dbh measured in 7m radius (4 per plot, all plots) measured in 2m radius (all plots) (all plots) D A R= 2m C B 3 soil depth Understory/litter sample measurements and 1 (2 per plot, all plots) nutrient core (all plots) Plot: 1 2 3 4 5 6Marine ecotone 50 m 50 m 11 THINKING beyond the canopy
  12. 12. Sonneratia sp. Rhizophora sp. Avicennia sp. Bruguiera sp. THINKING beyond the canopy
  13. 13. 13 THINKING beyond the canopy
  14. 14. 14 THINKING beyond the canopy
  15. 15. 15 THINKING beyond the canopy
  16. 16. 16 THINKING beyond the canopy
  17. 17. 17 THINKING beyond the canopy
  18. 18. CNS Analyzer installed at IPB Lab 18 THINKING beyond the canopy
  19. 19. ForestCDB – alpha version  Accommodates 5 carbon pools (IPCC 2003)  Providing calculator and repository system  Allowing data exchange among users  Point data THINKING beyond the canopy
  20. 20. Landing page for contributors THINKING beyond the canopy
  21. 21. UNFCCC SBSTA Side event SBSTA-32 identified the limitation of the IPCC 2006 for GHGs National Inventory Invited IPCC to hold an Expert Meeting to “explore the need to clarify methodological issues related to...wetlands… Synergizing adaptation strategies and measures Tropical wetlands should be in the agenda 21 THINKING beyond the canopy
  22. 22. IPCC Guidelines – 2006Stock-change approach Flux difference approach Vol. 4 AFOLU Source: IPCC (2006) 22 THINKING beyond the canopy
  23. 23. IPCC 2006 Land Classification Forest land • All woody vegetation according to national definitions Cropland • Crops including rice and agro-forestry not included above Grassland • All rangelands and pastures not included above Settlements Wetlands • Wetlands not included above (peat use and flooded lands) Other Lands • Includes bare soil, rock, ice and lands not included above THINKING beyond the canopy
  24. 24. IPCC Guidelines – 2006 24 THINKING beyond the canopy
  25. 25. 2013 IPCC Supplement: Wetlands1. Introduction2. Cross-cutting guidance on organic soils3. Rewetting and restoration of peatlands4. Coastal wetlands5. Other freshwater wetlands6. Constructed wetlands –wastewater treatment7. Good practice and implications for reporting 25 THINKING beyond the canopy
  26. 26. IPCC Workplan THINKING beyond the canopy
  27. 27. Publications on wetlands 27 THINKING beyond the canopy
  28. 28. Publications28 THINKING beyond the canopy
  29. 29. Global surveyMexico Gabon VietnamCosta Rica Mozambique IndiaEcuador THINKING beyond the canopy
  30. 30. Summary 2012 workplan Deliverables Date RemarksProtocols for the measurement, Has been tested and used withmonitoring and reporting of structure, 29 Feb 2012 partners in 2011 campaign andbiomass and carbon stocks in will be used in Asia, Arica, and LA.mangrove forests.Science and Policy Imperatives of A Working paper from the 31 Mar 2012Tropical Wetlands international workshop in 2011 Announcing and communicatingProject webpage 31 Mar 2012 TWINCAM activities Based on the data collected inJournal papers 30 May 2012 2011 to meet IPCC cut-off date Actual and metadata as part ofCarbon database 30 Sep 2012 CIFOR’s data repository system Carried out by a consultant underGlobal wetland map 31 Oct 2012 a scrutinized contractual arrangement 30 THINKING beyond the canopy
  31. 31. Global wetland mapWP Task Number of working days1 Data assembly 122 Geomatching of all spatial datasets 63 Generating annual phenology indexes 204 Estimating surface areas of wetlands 305 Estimation of wetland volumes 506 Initial estimation of global wetland 50 carbon stocks Total 168 31 THINKING beyond the canopy
  32. 32. Terima kasih 32 THINKING beyond the canopy

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