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The way forward - inter-regional exchange with Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean

CIFOR-ICRAF
CIFOR-ICRAF
CIFOR-ICRAFCIFOR-ICRAF

Presented by Jonas Ngouhouo-Poufoun (Congo Basin Institute (CBI), International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Cameroon) at "A nature-positive trade for sustainable agriculture supply chains and inclusive development", Jakarta, Indonesia, on 26 - 27 Sep 2023

The way forward - inter-regional exchange with Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean

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26-27 SEPTEMBER 2023
The way forward - inter-regional exchange
with Africa, Asia and Latin America and the
Caribbean
Reflections actions, opportunities and challenges that Africa, an particularly Cameroon,
face to move toward more sustainable and inclusive agriculture and supply chains, and how
can trade help to deliver this?
Jonas Ngouhouo-Poufoun, Dr.
16.98
18.78
16.72
23.69
0
5
10
15
20
25
Cameroon Ghana Ivory
Coast
Nigeria
GDP share of agriculture
2022
Source of Pictures: Jonas Ngouhouo
Agricultural in African Economies
42.60%
39.49%
45.04%
35.21%
0.00% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00%
Cameroon
Ghana
Ivory
Coast
Nigeria:
Employment from agriculture
Source of Pictures: Jonas Ngouhouo
Commodities in trade: Cocoa, banana, coffee, cotton & oil palm
2nd largest foreign exchange resource Cocoa beans weigh
12.5% of export after hydrocarbons (39.6%) in Cameroon
300 000 to 500 000 smallholders holding about 600 000 ha
3 million people directly or indirectly supported in Cameroon
from 296,000tons in 2023 to 640,000tons by 2030: National
ambition to increase domestic agricultural production
The national vision of an emerging and industrialized economy
by 2035 relies on agriculture as well
Agricultural for Cameroon emergence
Group 4: sustainable trade systems for smallholder farmers
and local communities
Jonas Ngouhouo-Poufoun & Thiago Uehara
What is sustainable and inclusive agriculture supply chains for
Cameroon?
Inclusive
decision-making
process
Inclusive
Regulation
Nature-inclusive
agriculture
Interconnection
of the links
Challenges at each
supply chain link
Integrated supply
chains
Gender, vulnerable
groups inclusion
Group 4: sustainable trade systems for smallholder farmers
and local communities
Jonas Ngouhouo-Poufoun & Thiago Uehara
What is sustainable and inclusive agriculture supply chains for
Cameroon?
Source: https://iaas.or.id/an-integrated-mechanism-for-inclusive-future-agriculture/
Opportunities: Sustainable Cocoa Committee in Cameroon
(2023 - 2025)
• Actors
• Public and private sectors, Farmers' organizations,
NGOs, research, Technical, and financial partners
• Result of Political Dialogues / Cocoa Talks
• Price
• Traceability
• Forest protection/monitory
• Sustainable production/agroforestry
• Roadmap for deforestation-free cocoa
• Sustainable production
• Sustainable marketing and decent income
• Protection and restoration of forests
• Environmental sustainability
• Community engagement and social inclusion

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The way forward - inter-regional exchange with Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean

  • 1. 26-27 SEPTEMBER 2023 The way forward - inter-regional exchange with Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean Reflections actions, opportunities and challenges that Africa, an particularly Cameroon, face to move toward more sustainable and inclusive agriculture and supply chains, and how can trade help to deliver this? Jonas Ngouhouo-Poufoun, Dr.
  • 2. 16.98 18.78 16.72 23.69 0 5 10 15 20 25 Cameroon Ghana Ivory Coast Nigeria GDP share of agriculture 2022 Source of Pictures: Jonas Ngouhouo Agricultural in African Economies 42.60% 39.49% 45.04% 35.21% 0.00% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00% Cameroon Ghana Ivory Coast Nigeria: Employment from agriculture
  • 3. Source of Pictures: Jonas Ngouhouo Commodities in trade: Cocoa, banana, coffee, cotton & oil palm 2nd largest foreign exchange resource Cocoa beans weigh 12.5% of export after hydrocarbons (39.6%) in Cameroon 300 000 to 500 000 smallholders holding about 600 000 ha 3 million people directly or indirectly supported in Cameroon from 296,000tons in 2023 to 640,000tons by 2030: National ambition to increase domestic agricultural production The national vision of an emerging and industrialized economy by 2035 relies on agriculture as well Agricultural for Cameroon emergence
  • 4. Group 4: sustainable trade systems for smallholder farmers and local communities Jonas Ngouhouo-Poufoun & Thiago Uehara What is sustainable and inclusive agriculture supply chains for Cameroon? Inclusive decision-making process Inclusive Regulation Nature-inclusive agriculture Interconnection of the links Challenges at each supply chain link Integrated supply chains Gender, vulnerable groups inclusion
  • 5. Group 4: sustainable trade systems for smallholder farmers and local communities Jonas Ngouhouo-Poufoun & Thiago Uehara What is sustainable and inclusive agriculture supply chains for Cameroon? Source: https://iaas.or.id/an-integrated-mechanism-for-inclusive-future-agriculture/
  • 6. Opportunities: Sustainable Cocoa Committee in Cameroon (2023 - 2025) • Actors • Public and private sectors, Farmers' organizations, NGOs, research, Technical, and financial partners • Result of Political Dialogues / Cocoa Talks • Price • Traceability • Forest protection/monitory • Sustainable production/agroforestry • Roadmap for deforestation-free cocoa • Sustainable production • Sustainable marketing and decent income • Protection and restoration of forests • Environmental sustainability • Community engagement and social inclusion
  • 7. The FODECC Connects to stakehoders (Fund raising to support the supply chains) Support applied research on cocoa and coffee Producer window/deck: subsidies directly available to producers in 8 production areas for the distribution of inputs, the supply of equipment, and the provision of infrastructure for production. A system for a participatory policy of subsidizing producers (40% vs. 60% personal contribution ) Opportunities
  • 8. • To fixe the buying price • To protect farmers from volatile prices • Ensure access to quality input on time • Farmers’ structuration and development • Optimizig the supply chain length • Promote the development of niche markets • Promote technological scaling up • Fact Dialogues • Implementation of the Roadmap to a just and sustainable trade Ghana Cocoa Board • 63.6% increase in the producer price • Sept 10 Commodities Boards & Fact dialogues & Roadmaps
  • 9. Benefit-sharing agreements Opportunities of local stakeholders to negotiate with big companies www.cacaoofexcellence.org Niche markets (NM) NM: $2.83 → $3.15 Coops: $2.27→$2.64 Coxeur: $1.64 CAMEROON CAFI PARTNERSHIP Integrated Landscape Management Capacity Building Projects Support Project (FODECC) ABS Cameroon Madagascar Namibia South Africa INCOME DIVERSIFICATION INPUTS COST REDUCTION ACCESS TO MARKETS 20 000 FARMERS Opportunities: Existing initiatives supporting production & market SMEs, enterprise businesses, cooperatives