The Story of 2013 Fires


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This presentation by Petrus Gunarso, the Sustainability Director of April, focuses on how April was dealing with the Haze issue in Indonesia, what the causes of the fires were how they detected them and what kind of strategy and collaboration April had.

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The Story of 2013 Fires

  1. 1. THE STORY of 2013 FIRES PETRUS GUNARSO PhD Sustainability Director CIFOR’s Workshop on “Fires, Haze and Landscapes” Jakarta, 29 January 2014 1
  2. 2. Outline • • • • • • Introduction to our operation APRIL’s No-Burn Policy Causes of Fires On the ground fire detection Eco-Hydro Water Management Strategy and Collaboration
  3. 3. OUR OPERATIONS • One of the largest pulp and paper companies in the world. • Global customer base, with sales offices in over 75 countries. • Integrated fiber, pulp & paper operation located in Pangkalan Kerinci, Riau Province, Sumatra • ISO 9001:2000, ISO 14001 & OHSAS 18001 certified • Flagship brand Paper One – sold in over 70 countries worldwide
  4. 4. OUR OPERATIONS  We adopt Sustainable Forest Management; We plant only on approximately 50% of our concession, while the rest is used for community (e.g. agriculture, villages, etc) and conservation zones (ie. High Conservation Value Forest - HCVF).  Certified for Sustainable Forest Plantation Management by the Indonesian Ecolabelling Institute (LEI) and PEFC for Chain-ofCustody.  Certified for wood legality through SVLK (Indonesian Government requirement) and OLB (Bureau Veritas certification).  No-burn policy since the start of operations in 1994.  First company in Indonesia to publish a Sustainability Report from 2002
  5. 5. NO BURN POLICY Why we won’t start forest fires? No commercial sense for APRIL to burn our own forests 5
  6. 6. NO BURN POLICY • Burning forests is equivalent to burning our raw materials. Burnt land/trees damages our assets and reduces our commercial return. • Burning forest reduces/eliminates the biomass in the land which leads to loss of nutrients, affects sustainable plantation development. • It’s also why we act fast to detect and extinguish fires in our concessions and near our concessions • Fibre from trees is the central raw material in the pulp and paper business • We are the ‘victim’ of forest fires, with losses in the millions of dollars.
  7. 7. Fires in concession • Fire Accident • When fires in land belonging to the community living inside our concessions spread into our plantation and conservation areas. • When fires outside our concession spread into ours. • Neighboring Fires • Burning is widely used by farmers to clear land because it is the cheapest way to prepare their land for farming activities. • During dry season, land clearing for agriculture, e.g. palm oil is intensified, which causes the fires to be uncontrollable, particularly on peatland.
  8. 8. Fire Started by Others “Puskopol Area”: On June 2013, 115 Firemen with fire fighting equipment Community Occupied Land (disputed area) APRIL plantation
  9. 9. Fire Started by Others Photos of land clearing activities for palm oil by local community, around the outside border of HTR Kerinci
  10. 10. FIRE SQUAD
  11. 11. Eco-Hydro Hydro buffer zones to minimize the negative impact to conservation zones Water control dams to optimize the water level height and minimize carbon emission
  12. 12. COLLABORATION AS A SOLUTION Short Term Solutions: 1. Fire Fighting Working with Indonesia’s National Disaster Agency (BNBP) 2. Reporting on fires near our concessions Done beyond call of duty – while patrolling our own area – we also report all fires happen in the vicinity of our concession and often we send fire squad to help to fight the fire. 12
  13. 13. COLLABORATION AS A SOLUTION Long Term: 1. Legality and Licensing • Indonesia government - coordination and support needed due to land tenure issues • Land boundary demarcation of operable areas viz a viz community land • Dispute resolution process for overlapping land claims • Enforcement for land burning 2. Improving correlation between hotspots and actual fires • Collaboration with WRI 3. Understanding real situation on the ground • Centre for International Forestry Research – CIFOR • ASEAN Peatland Forest Project 4. Provide alternatives to land clearing • Sustainable development to create livelihoods and jobs • Multi-stakeholder private-public-partnership initiative with CIFOR, Norway Embassy, Indonesian Government, and private sectors
  14. 14. Thank You