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Terry Sunderland | Key findings from the High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) report on Sustainable Forestry for Food Security and Nutrition


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Terry Sunderland, Professor of tropical forestry at the University of British Columbia, senior associate at CIFOR, and HLPE project team leader, presented during a seminar on food system resilience on Feb. 12, 2019, organized by the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA).

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Terry Sunderland | Key findings from the High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) report on Sustainable Forestry for Food Security and Nutrition

  1. 1. Key findings from the High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) report on Sustainable Forestry for Food Security and Nutrition Seminar and Webinar: Enhancing food system resilience 12th February 2018
  2. 2. 2 Forests and people: the evidence • One billion+ people rely on forest products for consumption and income in some way (Agrawal et al. 2013) • Safety-net during times of food and income insecurity (Wunder et al. 2014) • Wild harvested meat and freshwater fish provides 30-80% of protein intake for many rural communities (Nasi et al. 2011; McIntyre et al. 2016) • 75% of world’s population rely on biodiversity for primary health care (WHO, 2003) • 30%-60% of global food production comes from diverse smallholder agricultural systems in complex landscapes (IFAD 2016; Ricciardi et al. 2018) • Long tradition of managing forests for food – e.g. shifting cultivation (van Vliet et al. 2011) • Forests sustaining agriculture through ecosystem services provision (Reed et al. 2017)
  3. 3. 3 Forest functions and their links to FSN
  4. 4. 4 Direct provision of food Although forest foods represent only 0.6 percent of global food energy supply: • Nutrient-rich forest foods make an important contribution to dietary diversity and quality, • Bushmeat, fish and insects are an important source of protein and other nutrients in many countries, not only in rural areas but also in urban centres. • For example: 4.6 Mt of bushmeat are extracted annually from the Congo Basin and 1.3 Mt from Amazonia.
  5. 5. 5 Provision of woodfuel Globally, woodfuel represent 6 percent of the total primary energy supply (27 percent in Africa). 2.4 billion people rely on woodfuel for cooking. In Africa, two-thirds of the households use woodfuel as their main fuel for cooking. 764 million people use woodfuel to boil and sterilize water. HOWEVER: An estimated 2.5 million people die each year due to the effects of long-term smoke inhalation.
  6. 6. 6 Income generation In 2011, the gross value added in the formal forest sector represented USD 606 billion (0.9 percent of the global GDP). When including the informal sector, this figure increases to almost USD 730 billion, including: • USD 88 billion for NWFPs collection, and • USD 33 billion for construction and energy. Payments for Environmental Services (PES) represents an estimated USD 2.4 billion.
  7. 7. 7 Ecosystem services Forests and trees deliver numerous ecosystem services essential for agriculture and FSN in the long term, including: • Water regulation (quantity, quality), • Soil formation, protection and nutrient circulation, • Biodiversity (forests host the major part of terrestrial biodiversity), • Pollination and pest control, • Climate change mitigation and adaptation.
  8. 8. 8 Forests sustaining agriculture How does landscape configuration maximise the provision of these goods and services for both sustainable forestry and agricultural production??? Water regulation Climate regulation Pollination Pest control
  9. 9. 9 Ways forward: SFM for FSN Enabling conditions to SFM for FSN : • Manage permanent forest land more sustainably and develop appropriate forest management plans. • Promote an integrated landscape approach moving beyond the debate on land sparing vs. land sharing. A systems approach to forestry and agriculture. • Ensure full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders in forest policies and forest management. • Adopt a rights-based approach.
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