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Success from the Ground Up? Participatory Monitoring in Forest Restoration

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Presented by Manuel R. Guariguata and Kristen Evans at Forest Landscape and Ecosystem Restoration Day on 13 December 2016, as part of the thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP13) held in Cancun, Mexico.

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Success from the Ground Up? Participatory Monitoring in Forest Restoration

  1. 1. Success from the Ground Up? Participatory Monitoring in Forest Restoration Manuel R. Guariguata and Kristen Evans
  2. 2. Forest and Landscape Restoration “Principle 8” Participatory monitoring… should be designed to generate the information necessary for stakeholders to collaboratively assess and adapt their planned interventions to evolving needs, objectives, opinions and circumstances.
  3. 3. “Restoration becomes a linking pin between global interests and local needs; between production and conservation goals” “Monitoring is often the last thing planned and the first thing cut”
  4. 4. The challenge Connect global monitoring needs and capacities with local ones Meet global targets Compare/share progress across regions/projects Provide accountability to funders Remote sensing Track progress to local restoration goals Ensure benefits and incentives for locals Catalyze learning and adaptation Use locally appropriate technologies LOCAL GLOBAL Participatory monitoring
  5. 5. Local people monitor what remote sensing cannot… With appropriate training and crosschecking — they can reliably  Collect data on forest change, drivers and threats  Generate evidence to gauge biophysical and socioeconomic impacts
  6. 6. “Disaggregating” monitoring • Category Primary data gatherers Primary users of data Externally driven, professionally executed professional researchers professional researchers Externally driven with local data collectors professional researchers, local people professional researchers Collaborative monitoring with external data interpretation local people with professional researcher advice local people and professional researchers Collaborative monitoring with local data interpretation local people with professional researcher advice local people Autonomous local monitoring local people local people
  7. 7.  Local involvement is necessary to build the foundation for long- term restoration success • Creates sense of ownership, buy-in and trust • Increases speed and effectiveness of local decision-making • Catalyzes social learning and adaptive management Lessons learned from our review
  8. 8. Lessons learned  Local monitors can provide reliable, accurate monitoring data with appropriate training, motivation and cross-checking  Local monitoring can be cost effective but requires investment at the outset  Planning and implementing a local monitoring system is a slow process  Generating and maintaining local participation can be challenging
  9. 9. Proposed guidance for setting up a scalable, multi-site participatory monitoring system 1. Set up a monitoring system and a mechanism to oversee it 2. Dedicate funds for participatory monitoring 3. Make the monitoring plans at the beginning 4. Set clear goals, objectives and targets collaboratively
  10. 10. 5. Identify a small number of shared indicators with options for additional indicators 6. Pick locally appropriate technologies that collect data adequate for decision-making 7. Communicate monitoring results in a meaningful way 8. Involve women and marginalized groups 9. Encourage social learning
  11. 11. A multi-level, multi-site, participatory monitoring system? Share, analyze, learn, adapt and improve with multiple iterations Local Pilot Sites Identify local questions/indicators Develop/test methods Define appropriate incentives Determine costs Share lessons-learned National Support Develop communications plan Identify monitoring capacity Develop training capacity Build national network Institutionalize Global Network Identify global questions/indicators Dedicate monitoring budget Plan data sharing infrastructure Identify remote sensing approach Build partner networks Implementation
  12. 12. Monitoring many dimensions What does success “look” like? At the landscape…. On paper… To local people?

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