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Strengthening peatland restoration and management governance in Indonesia

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Presented by Monica Tanuhandaru, from Kemitraan - Partnership for Governance Reform, during CIFOR's session 'Collective Actions for Peatlands Restoration in Indonesia' at UNFCCC's COP23 in Bonn, Germany, on November 9, 2017.

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Strengthening peatland restoration and management governance in Indonesia

  1. 1. Strengthening Peatland Restoration and Management Governance in Indonesia Monica Tanuhandaru Kemitraan – Partnership for Governance Reform Indonesia Pavillion, Bonn, 09 November 2017
  2. 2. Who Are We?  Established in 2000 as a UNDP – Bappenas (national development planning agency) project. Since 2009 became an independent, non- government, multi-stakeholder civil-law partnership  The partnership represents prominent figures from the government, civil society and private sector
  3. 3. Who Are We?  Up to 395 projects implemented and supported  International standards of accountability  Working in 33 provinces and Southeast Asia, in cooperation with local, national and regional partners. These partners also work in partnership with their implementing partners.
  4. 4. Kemitraan’s Strategies  Working from within the government agencies/institutions requiring/promoting reforms (with internal champions)  Creating pressure externally and jointly with other civil society organizations. Instigate changes, build capacities Work with champions from within Strengthen pressure from outside Multistakeholder-partnerships • Developing multi-stakeholder partnerships
  5. 5. Peatland and Forest Fires  Indonesia has 20,6 million hectares of peatland scattered in Sumatera, Kalimantan, and Papua, with a shallow depth of around 50 – 100 cm to very deep more than 300 cm*  Covering approximately 10,146 of 78,609 villages in Indonesia**  731 villages vulnerable to disaster due to peatland burning and fires in Sumatera and Kalimantan * Ministry of Agriculture, 2015 **Source: BBSDLP, 2008 and Ministry of Home Affair, 2015
  6. 6. Peatland has been converted into plantations and industrial timber forest at large scale Canal building Draining of peatland Forest and land fire Issues Related to Peatland
  7. 7. Regulatory and Law Enforcement Village community empowerment Multi Party Coordination, Collaboration, Cooperation Peatland Management Reform
  8. 8. Caring-for-Peat Village (Desa Peduli Gambut/DPG) • Village-based approach is one of the priorities as stated in the Government’s vision (Nawacita) • Peat restoration can only be effective if the related stakeholders are involved, in particular indigenous peoples and/or local communities living in villages whose territory is located on peatlands. • Desa Peduli Gambut emphasizes and promotes the roles and functions of villages to manage the restoration of peatlands, including to prevent forest fires
  9. 9. Basic Steps at the Landscape, Village and District Level Landscape Level Village Level District Level Preliminary assessments and Development of strategic approach to landscape Economic empowerme nt with paludiculture base Legalized right, access and conflict resolution Integrate the concept into Village development plan The establishment of Rural’s Zones The development of peatland management master plan in rural zones Rural zones’ policy within spatial planning The Establishment of Desa Peduli Gambut’s Forum Monitoring, Evaluation and Law Enforcement
  10. 10. Planning Approach of DPG Landscape planning / Peat Hidrological Unit (PHU) Village or rural area planning Design of Peat Restoration at PHU level 1 Village land use/spatial plan 2 Peat restoration plan & Rural area development of PHU 3 Source: Nick Mawdsley, 2016
  11. 11. Sustainablity of DPG Institutional CollaborationFunding  Empowering local/community organization  Strengthening capacity of village government  Integrate DPG to Village Development Plan  Community- Private partnership  Inter-sectoral collaboration • Create economic activities/enterprises • Integrate DPG to village development fund (ADD) and other sources of fund
  12. 12. Thank you https://youtu.be/rFfVo_Smoiw

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