Sustainable forest management,biodiversity and carbon:The case for REDD+?<br />Robert Nasi<br />Workshop on Forest Governa...
Outline<br />The international forest “agenda”<br />Biodiversity, tropical forests, degradation<br />Management for multip...
The international forest agenda<br />
It is…	 REDD<br />Climate change is driving but<br />Fundamental issues remain the same:<br />Unsustainable use<br />Corru...
Biodiversity, tropical forests and degradation<br />
Forests: more than timber <br />…or carbon<br />
<ul><li>Management paradigms evolved…</li></ul>Traditional rural world<br />Multiple goods<br />& services<br />Forestry r...
Paradigms have evolved…but:<br />Emphasis is still on non-declining even flow of limited goods<br />Timber remains the mai...
Forest degradation<br />
Nasi et al., 2009<br />
<ul><li>Price Carbon ≥ Opportunity Cost of land
Low-hanging fruit seen as opportunity</li></ul>Prevent Conversion to Soy/Palm Oil<br />$2,000<br />Prevent Conversion to R...
Management for multiple values and carbon<br />
Barriers to SFM<br />Governance<br />Lack of serious intent by the major stakeholders (governments, industry, communities)...
How to achieve forest management options for triple “E”  carbon, while delivering a variety of other local and global co-b...
Key “lessons”<br />Go beyond the obvious, identify:<br />The different components / facets of forests of relevance to huma...
Policy recommendations<br />Use reduced-impact logging techniques<br />Carry out post-logging silvicultural treatments whe...
Policy recommendations<br />Increase security of tenure and resource access for forest owners and concessionaires<br />Inc...
A case for REDD+?<br />Management practices leading to sustainability are only likely to be adopted where good governance ...
Pictures: CIFOR, R. Nasi, IRD Iwokrama International Center, D. Sheil, C. Doumenge, D. Wilkie, P. Frost. M. Guariguata, S....
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Sustainable forest management, biodiversity and carbon: The case for REDD+?

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Presentation by Robert Nasi.
Sustainable forest management, biodiversity and carbon: The case for REDD+?
Oaxaca Workshop Forest Governance, Decentralisation and REDD+ in Latin America and the Caribbean,
31 August – 03 September 2010, Oaxaca, Mexico.

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Sustainable forest management, biodiversity and carbon: The case for REDD+?

  1. 1. Sustainable forest management,biodiversity and carbon:The case for REDD+?<br />Robert Nasi<br />Workshop on Forest Governance, Decentralization and REDD+ in Latin America and the Caribbean<br />Oaxaca, Mexico. Aug. 31-Sept. 3, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />The international forest “agenda”<br />Biodiversity, tropical forests, degradation<br />Management for multiple values<br />Policy recommendations<br />The REDD+ case<br />
  3. 3. The international forest agenda<br />
  4. 4. It is… REDD<br />Climate change is driving but<br />Fundamental issues remain the same:<br />Unsustainable use<br />Corruption, weak law enforcement<br />Rights and tenure issues<br />Loss of biodiversity and forest areas<br />Compounded by new issues:<br />Carbon-based management?<br />SFM = degradation?<br />Biofuels?<br />
  5. 5. Biodiversity, tropical forests and degradation<br />
  6. 6. Forests: more than timber <br />…or carbon<br />
  7. 7. <ul><li>Management paradigms evolved…</li></ul>Traditional rural world<br />Multiple goods<br />& services<br />Forestry realm<br />Non declining flow of timber<br />Sustained yield of multiple goods<br />Sustainable forest management<br />Ecosystem approach<br />
  8. 8. Paradigms have evolved…but:<br />Emphasis is still on non-declining even flow of limited goods<br />Timber remains the main commodity<br />Multiple-use management is rare<br />Focus is generally at stand level with limited attention to larger spatial aspects that affect stand productivity<br />Ecosystem approach is not an operational concept<br />Maximizing short term profits remains the “norm”<br />There is limited attention to capital substitution possibilities<br />
  9. 9. Forest degradation<br />
  10. 10. Nasi et al., 2009<br />
  11. 11. <ul><li>Price Carbon ≥ Opportunity Cost of land
  12. 12. Low-hanging fruit seen as opportunity</li></ul>Prevent Conversion to Soy/Palm Oil<br />$2,000<br />Prevent Conversion to Ranching/Food Crops<br />Enforce Protected Areas<br />$500<br />Clarify Land Tenure<br />$100<br />Control Fires<br />ha<br />Blaser, 2009<br />
  13. 13. Management for multiple values and carbon<br />
  14. 14. Barriers to SFM<br />Governance<br />Lack of serious intent by the major stakeholders (governments, industry, communities);<br />High opportunity costs of maintaining forests as forests;<br />Lack of tenure security or unclear tenure and resource rights.<br />Economy<br />Excessive costs and lack of clear financial benefits from improved management vs. Business as usual;<br />Inappropriate wage systems for forest workers;<br />Inefficiency and waste in the forest and along the market chain.<br />Knowledge and technical guidance<br />Inadequate information or knowledge about improved management;<br />Improved management regulations appear too complicated or unrealistic;<br />Lack of trained staff to implement improved management.<br />
  15. 15. How to achieve forest management options for triple “E” carbon, while delivering a variety of other local and global co-benefits?<br />
  16. 16. Key “lessons”<br />Go beyond the obvious, identify:<br />The different components / facets of forests of relevance to human and environment welfare<br />The relevant spatial scales for management of these components / facets<br />The capacity for substitution or damage remediation over different temporal scales<br />
  17. 17. Policy recommendations<br />Use reduced-impact logging techniques<br />Carry out post-logging silvicultural treatments where necessary<br />Train forest workers and reward them appropriately<br />Develop incentives to enhance carbon stocks in over-logged, burned and otherwise degraded forests<br />
  18. 18. Policy recommendations<br />Increase security of tenure and resource access for forest owners and concessionaires<br />Increase sector efficiency through appropriate taxation<br />Develop incentive policies or market-based instruments to improve management<br />Foster third-party certification<br />
  19. 19. A case for REDD+?<br />Management practices leading to sustainability are only likely to be adopted where good governance exists and effective enforcement of management regulations is backed by financial incentives:<br /><ul><li> the case for REDD+</li></ul>At the same time all the recommendations remain valid even if REDD+ didn’t exist. We need to use the actual agenda and available funding opportunities to foster our SFM goals.<br />
  20. 20. Pictures: CIFOR, R. Nasi, IRD Iwokrama International Center, D. Sheil, C. Doumenge, D. Wilkie, P. Frost. M. Guariguata, S. Wunder, P. Pacheco<br />
  21. 21. www.cifor.cgiar.org<br />

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