Restoring our rainforests: Bonn Challenge and Forest Landscape Restoration

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Chetan Kumar of the Global Forest and Climate Change Program
of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Presented at the Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit http://www.cifor.org/asia-pacific-rainforest-summit/

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Restoring our rainforests: Bonn Challenge and Forest Landscape Restoration

  1. 1. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Restoring our rainforests: Bonn Challenge and Forest Landscape Restoration Chetan Kumar Global Forest and Climate Change Program International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
  2. 2. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Presentation outline • Global context • Restoration in global climate and development agenda • Scale of opportunity • Bonn Challenge • FLR as solution • Concept, approaches to support implementation & challenges
  3. 3. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Global context and the opportunity • Paris agreement • Article 5.1 “Parties should take action to conserve and enhance, as appropriate, sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases as referred to in Article 4, paragraph 1(d), of the Convention, including forests.” • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) • Development Goal (SDG) 15.3 specifically calls for the restoration of degraded lands, stating: “By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought, and floods, and strive to achieve a land-degradation-neutral world.” • What is the scale of opportunity? • More than 2 billion hectares of land worldwide ( GPFLR, 2011).
  4. 4. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE World of Opportunity Map
  5. 5. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Bonn Challenge: progress so far • Target • Commitments to restore 150 million ha by 2020 and 350 million ha by 2030. • Progress so far (bonnchallenge.org) • 107.3 million ha committed by 34 countries/states/coalitions/private sector. • Growing regional initiatives and ministerial meetings • Initiative 20x20, AFR 100 initiative , Asia Pacific Regional Strategy • Latin America (August, 2015); East, Central and West Africa (July 2016) and Asia Pacific Ministerial Meeting (February 2017, South Sumatra, Indonesia). • Increasing collaboration with private sector • APP’s commitment, development of a private sector platform, business case for landowners and farmers (e.g. Brazil).
  6. 6. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Bonn Challenge Contributors Millions of Hectares Argentina 1 Asia Pulp and Paper 1 Brazil Atlantic Forest PACT 1 Burundi 2 Central African Republic 3.5 Chile 0.5 Colombia 1 Congo, Republic of 2 Costa Rica 1 Côte d’Ivoire 5 DRC 8 Ecuador 0.5 El Salvador 1 Ethiopia 15 Ghana 2 Guatemala 1.2 Honduras 1 Millions of Hectares India 13 Kenya 5.1 KPK (Pakistan) 0.384 Liberia 1 Madagascar 1 Mexico (National) 7.5 Campeche (Mexico) 0.4 Quintana Roo (Mexico) 0.3 Yucatan (Mexico) 0.25 Mozambique 1 Nicaragua 2.8 Niger 3.2 Peru 3.2 Republic of Guinea 2 Rwanda 2 Uganda 2.5 US Forest Service 15
  7. 7. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Bonn Challenge: making the case • Some examples of benefits from Bonn Challenge: • US$ 85 billion contribution to local and national economies. • 1 GtCO2 sequestered. • 11-17 percent reduction in current emissions gap. • Approximately 1.6 billion people worldwide would directly benefit. • And an additional USD 6 billion in crop yield increases. • Commitments provide an implementation platform for international processes • Aichi target 15 of CBD, UNFCCC, UNCCD, SDGs. etc. • Underpinned by Forest Landscape Restoration approach
  8. 8. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE FLR: revisiting the concept • Long-term process to regain ecological functionality and enhance human well-being in deforested or degraded landscapes within biomes with the natural potential to support trees It is not 1. just “forestry” 2. just “trees” 3. just planting “sites” It requires 1. … integrating with other land uses 2. …delivery of a broader range of societal benefits 3. ….a vision for a better managed landscape
  9. 9. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Supporting implementation of FLR • Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM) • 23 countries • ROAM consists of six main components: 1. Stakeholder engagement 2. Geospatial mapping 3. Economic analysis 4. Carbon analysis 5. Enabling conditions 6. Financial analysis
  10. 10. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Supporting implementation of FLR • FLR Desk (http://www.bonnchallenge.org/FLRdesk) • Synthesis and evidences • Food security, enhancing resilience, green growth and enhancing water security etc. • Capacity building • FLR Forum (150 participants, 24 countries), over 3000 trained on ROAM, gender responsive FLR training • Innovative tools and methods • Participatory radio, smart phone apps, • Software/tools: ROOT, RESTS etc.
  11. 11. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Need for stronger partnerships • The challenge is huge and what we need is stronger partnerships for implementation to address issues such as: • Scaling up experience/models of financing large scale restoration • Addressing of legal and governance frameworks • Enhancing inter-departmental cooperation and eliminating silos • Ensuring a gender responsive FLR implementation • And amongst us we have the tools and ability to make this possible
  12. 12. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE www.iucn.org www.bonnchallenge.org http://www.bonnchallenge.org/FLRdesk Thank you!

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