REDD+ in Indonesia: Going Beyond Carbon - The Importance of Land-Use Modeling to Avoid Deforestation

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This presentation by Agung Wicaksono describes Indonesia's new commitment to sustainability, why peatland management is important in that context, why REDD+ must be thought out beyond carbon and forest, what the REDD+ Agency is, what the REDD+ National Strategy is and why we need a change of the land-use model.

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REDD+ in Indonesia: Going Beyond Carbon - The Importance of Land-Use Modeling to Avoid Deforestation

  1. 1. REDD+ IN INDONESIA: GOING BEYOND CARBON THE IMPORTANCE OF LAND-USE MODELING TO AVOID DEFORESTATION Global Landscape Forum, 16 November 2013 at University of Warsaw Agung Wicaksono – President’s Delivery Unit of Republic of Indonesia
  2. 2. INDONESIA AFFIRMS ITS NEW DIRECTION FOR SUSTAINABILITY AND IIASA BECOMES A PARTNER Indonesia became 19th Member of IIASA Laxenburg, 26 June 2012 Environment Sustainability Social Equality President Yudhoyono Economic Growth Kuntoro Mangkusubroto Chair of • REDD+ Taskforce, • National Committee for Post-2015, • National Committee for IIASA 2
  3. 3. FORESTS AND PEATLAND CONTRIBUTE SIGNIFICANTLY IN ACHIEVING THE 41% EMISSION REDUCTION TARGET Emissions reduction target (41% scenario by 2020) Million ton CO2e 87% of overall target and 36% reduction from BAU emissions by 2020 1189 1039 78 Reduc -tion target Forest Waste & peatland 56 Energy & Transportation 11 5 Agricul -ture Industry 3
  4. 4. BUT REDD+ FOR US MEANS ....... BEYOND CARBON 4
  5. 5. AND REDD+ IS ALSO MORE THAN FOREST 5
  6. 6. THE REDD+ AGENCY HAS BEEN CREATED WITH PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 62 / 2013 • The head of REDD+ agency would report directly to the President • In charge of coordination, synchronization, planning, facilitating, managing, monitoring, 6
  7. 7. REDD+ NATIONAL STRATEGY 1 Establish institutions and processes • REDD+ Agency • Funding Instrument • MRV Institution 3 2 Review and reform legal and regulatory framework • Review land rights and spatial planning • Improve law enforcement  • Sustainable landscape management • Sustainable economic system for land use utilisation • Conservation and rehabilitation 4 Strategic programs Emissions Reduction  Enhancement of carbon stock  Conservation of biodiversity and environmental services  Sustainable economic growth Paradigm shift and work culture change • Reinforce forest sector governance • Empower local economy • National “Protect our forests” Campaign 5 Multistakeholder engagement • Develop social and environmental safeguards • Manage fair benefit sharing 7
  8. 8. THE NEED FOR LAND-USE CHANGE MODEL: CASE OF INDONESIA 8
  9. 9. THE CONFLICT ON LAND USE IS STRONGLY EVIDENT FROM THE MAP Example: Overlay of forestry-plantationmining areas in Pasir District (East Kalimantan) Protected Forest and Conservation Area… …overlay with production forest areas… …overlay with plantation areas… …overlay with mining area 9
  10. 10. REDD+ POLICY IMPACT ASSESSMENT REDD+ Policies Land use Economic trade-offs Biodiversity 10
  11. 11. GLOBIOM-CENTRAL MODEL IN REDD-PAC AGRICULTURE Wheat Rice Maize Soybean Barley Sorghum Millet Cotton Dry beans Rapeseed Groundnut Sugarcane Potatoes Cassava Sunflower Chickpeas Oil Palm Sweet potatoes FORESTRY Buffalo Cattle Sheep Goat Pig Poultry Beef Lamb Pork Poultry Eggs Milk Biomass for log production Fuel wood Other wood Pulp wood Logs BIOENERGY Ethanol FAME Methanol Heat Electricity Biogas ENERGY Oil and gas Geothermal Coal Indonesia’s energy potentials 11
  12. 12. WE SELECT TWO PILOT PROVINCES FOR THE STUDY Jambi East Kalimantan 12
  13. 13. KALIMANTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR: CENTER FOR PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING OF MINING PRODUCT AND ENERGY RESERVES Overview Consists of 4 hubs: Pontianak, Palangkaraya, Balikpapan dan Samarinda This corridor is estimated to increase Domestic Regional Income (PRDB) as much as 2.6x; from $59 billionPRDB in 2008 to $152 billion in 2030 with estimation of 3.6% growth compared to baseline estimation of 5.8% Current Focus 1. Oil and Gas More exploration to ensure stabilized growth of production 2. Palm Oil  Increasing production during harvesting, substituting to products with high added value and downstream products. 3. Coal Mining Increasing production and building infrastructures which can reach hinterland mines Future Sustainable Industry 1. Fishery Expanding shrimp aquaculture industries 2. Logging Building sustainable forestry industries and expanding to products with high added value (paper) 3. Rubber  Increasing rubber industry Necessary Key Infrasturctures: River Port  Barge Loading Facillities connecting the rail way to carry coal through the Barito and Mahakam river Railway  Necessary to make the hinterland coal mining economically viable; Central Kalimantan Toll Road  Better connectivity between palm oil plantations and mining areas to increase CPO production (Central and West Kalimantan) 13
  14. 14. FOREST COVERAGE OF THE KALIMANTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR BIMP-EAGA Samarinda Pontianak Palangkaraya Peat Land Banjarmasin Primary Forest Secondary Forest 14
  15. 15. SUMATRA ECONOMIC CORRIDOR: CENTER FOR PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING OF NATURAL RESOURCES AS THE NATION’S ENERGY RESERVES Geothermal Palm Oil Oil and gas Cultural Diversity 15
  16. 16. LAND USE MODELING - PROCESS Wood products Sawn wood Pulp Natural Forests Wood Processing LAND USE CHANGE Managed Forests Short Rotation Tree Plantations Bioenergy Bioethanol Biodiesel Methanol Heat Electricity Biogas Bioenergy Processing Crops Corn Wheat Cassava Potatoes Rapeseed etc… Cropland Grassland Livestock Feeding Livestock products Beef Lamb Pork Poultry Eggs Milk Other natural land 16
  17. 17. NEXT STEPS 1 2 REDD+ a global platform: Indonesia shall learn from others like Brazil and the Congo Basin Kick-off for IIASA Tropical Flagship Program in Indonesia: February 2014 The Collaboration REDD+ Agency Indonesian Universities 17
  18. 18. TERIMA KASIH THANK YOU DZIĘKUJĘ PRESIDENT’S DELIVERY UNIT for Development Monitoring and Oversight Republic of Indonesia

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