Project Objective To provide REDD+ policymakers and practitioners with policy options and guidance to improve the design, development and implementation of REDD+ benefit sharing mechanisms. Target groups: • Policy makers in developing and developed countries • Governments of the six case study countries • REDD+ project developers and investors
Project Structure Structured as seven interlinked work packages that together will generate evidence-based policy options which are framed by experience and best practices in six focal countries. Builds on, and links with work ongoing in GCS. Establishes partnerships with academia, non-governmental organizations, research institutions. Timeframe: 2012-2015
Project Structure WP2: Outreach and dissemination WP5: Review of existing performance-based mechanisms WP3: WP6: WP7: WP1: National Costs- Multi- Rights Options benefits level to assess- of natl gover- REDD+ ments of policies nance benefits mecha-Local/ Sub- WP4: nisms national Costs- benefits of sub- Project/ natlHousehold REDD+
WP5: Review of existing performance-based mechanisms, lead: M. Brockhaus Objective: • To understand the experiences and lessons from existing distribution and benefit sharing mechanisms for design of more equitable mechanism. Research questions: • To what extent can past experiences be harnessed in the design and development of a REDD+ benefit distribution mechanism? • What are criteria for selection of an adequate mechanism? • What are key elements of an efficient, effective and equitable mechanism? • What policy and governance mechanisms need to be in place?
WP3: Estimating the costs and benefits of national REDD+ Policies and Measures (PAMs), lead: S. Wunder WP3 seeks to develop PAM design principles that promote REDD+ cost effectiveness and equityMajor research questions:1. Which PAM design features determine REDD+ cost- effectiveness and welfare/equity impacts?2. How can PAM best be combined (`policy mix`) in different national contexts of major REDD+ candidate countries?⇒ National-level policies (incl. federal states/ provinces)
WP 4: Estimating the costs and benefitsof REDD+ projects, lead: W. Sunderlin Objectives: • To investigate how the costs of REDD+ projects affect opportunities and design of benefit sharing systems at project- and national-level • To assess efficiency and equity in benefit sharing as systems of REDD+ conditional incentives are implemented Activities: • Develop costing framework/model to assess costs of REDD+ at two project sites in three countries. • Apply knowledge on sub-national REDD+ costs to develop benefit sharing systems
WP 6: Understanding multi-level forest governance lead, lead: A. Larson Objectives: • To analyze multi-level forest governance mechanisms and related experiences for a just and transparent benefit sharing system • To improve understanding of (1) who decides how benefits are shared; 2) who manages benefit sharing systems; (3) who bears the costs; (4) who gets benefits and why; and (5) who monitors/controls the system Activities: • Assess the institutional context in forest and other related sectors at multiple scales, and lessons from initiatives such as FLEGT • Identify options for institutional design and organizational structures
WP7: Accessing rights to REDD+ benefits, lead: E. Mwangi Objective: • To generate policy guidance on land tenure arrangements and institutional frameworks for REDD+ benefit sharing mechanisms to provide tangible benefits and enhance forest management. Activities: • Examine benefit sharing at household and community- levels, and the interaction with property rights regimes. • Analyze sub-national and local-level institutions, rules and norms. • Apply field experimental approach to identify causal factors and determinants of benefit sharing preferences.
WP1: Options assessments to guidedevelopment of REDD+ benefit-sharing and distribution mechanisms, lead: G. Wong Objective: • To synthesize results from the other research components and identify what works in terms of developing efficient, effective and equitable benefit sharing and distribution mechanisms Activities: • Develop a common analytical framework, in discussion with different groups of stakeholders in the focal countries • Conduct a comparative assessment of the policy, institutional and legal arrangements shaping REDD+ benefit sharing in the focal countries • Build a coalition of research and implementing partners in each of the focal countries
Geographic coverage Brazil Peru Tanzania Cameroon Indonesia VietnamWP1 • X X X X X XWP 3 X X XWP 4 X X XWP 5 X X X X X XWP 6 X X XWP 7 X X X