Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Reconciling policy and practice in the co-management of forests in indigenous territories

418 views

Published on

Presented by David Solis, Dawn Ward and Peter Cronkleton of the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) at the XXXV International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, April 29 – May 1, 2017, Lima, Peru.

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

Reconciling policy and practice in the co-management of forests in indigenous territories

  1. 1. THINKING beyond the canopy Reconciling policy and practice in the co-management of forests in indigenous territories Peter Cronkleton, David Solis and Dawn Ward LASA 2017 Lima, Peru 4/30/17
  2. 2. Policy reform and forest property  Extensive areas of Peruvian Amazon titled in favor of indigenous people • 1,365 communities title (644 pending) • Over 12 million hectares (5.7 million pending)  Forest remain national patrimony • Only usufruct rights granted (cesión en uso) • Exclude external actors  Establish co-management systems • Recognize subsistence use • Commercial use requires authorization and compliance with regulations
  3. 3. Policy reform and forest property  Model conceptualized by regulations • Assume collective enterprise • Focus on specialization • Creates barriers to formal markets  Local practice varies from regulatory model • Highly diverse, integrated systems • Production at household scale not communal • Heterogenous populations and context  CIFOR’s GCS-REDD Project provides a window into local practice
  4. 4. THINKING beyond the canopy Subnational REDD+ Initiatives in GCS Comparison (Control) REDD+ site (Intervention) Before After IMPACT Intervention After Control After Intervention Before Control Before 2010 / 2011 2013 / 2014 • 6 countries • 23 initiatives • 150 villages • 4,000 households
  5. 5. Ucayali data set Eight Villages • 4 intervention villages • 4 control villages Sample of 204 households (Survey in 2012 and 2014) • Extensive livelihood data • Cash income • Subsistence production • Forest production portfolio
  6. 6. THINKING beyond the canopy Overall Income by Source 19.1% 11.5% 68.4% 1.0% Farming Off farming Forest Non-forest environmental 2012 Median Income: US$ 5948 24.9% 26.5% 47.6% 1.0% Farming Off farming Forest Non-forest environmental 2014 Median Income: US$ 3755 • Sharp income decline between surveys • Forest income major source in diverse portfolio
  7. 7. THINKING beyond the canopy Income source by village 25.8% 17.5% 15.6% 16.5% 9.5% 23.3% 15.8% 28.6% 13.4% 24.4% 17.5% 4.3% 21.8% 14.3% 13.0% 5.4% 60.5% 58.0% 62.6% 79.0% 68.6% 58.6% 70.9% 65.6% 0.3% 0.1% 4.4% 0.2% 0.0% 3.8% 0.3% 0.4% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Cacomacaya Calleria Curiaca Nuevo Ahuaypa Nuevo Saposoa Patria Nueva Pueblo Nuevo del Caco Roya Farming Off farming Forest Non-forest environmental 25.3% 7.1% 23.4% 43.5% 8.2% 9.2% 20.2% 40.8% 34.5% 29.4% 30.2% 28.2% 22.9% 31.0% 26.1% 14.9% 38.0% 63.3% 46.2% 27.7% 68.6% 59.1% 52.6% 42.1% 2.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.6% 0.2% 0.8% 1.1% 2.2% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Cacomacaya Calleria Curiaca Nuevo Ahuaypa Nuevo Saposoa Patria Nueva Pueblo Nuevo del Caco Roya Farming Off farming Forest Non-forest environmental 2012 2014 • Significant variation between sites and over time • Forest remain major source of income
  8. 8. Forest Income
  9. 9. THINKING beyond the canopy Forest Income by Source 7.4% 6.4% 86.1% 0.1% Timber NTFP Game meat and fish Other* Median Timber Income: US$ 374 10.8% 10.1% 78.9% 0.1% Timber NTFP Game meat and fish Other* Median Timber Income: US$ 133 2012 2014 • Forest income largely contributes to subsistence • Timber provides significant source of cash income
  10. 10. THINKING beyond the canopy Forest Income by Source 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Cacomacaya Calleria Curiaca Nuevo Ahuaypa Nuevo Saposoa Patria Nueva Pueblo Nuevo del Caco Roya Timber NTFP Game meat and fish Other 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Cacomacaya Calleria Curiaca Nuevo Ahuaypa Nuevo Saposoa Patria Nueva Pueblo Nuevo del Caco Roya Timber NTFP Game meat and fish Other 2012 2014
  11. 11. • Integrated systems where forest resources key for subsistence • Forest production largely managed at household scale • Secondary forests key source of timber • Timber often commercialized informally • Co-management is evolving • Over emphasis on sanctions • Need support to defend borders • Incentive programs show promise but impact unclear Discussion and Conclusions
  12. 12. Financial support for GCS-REDD+: Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation, Australian Agency for International Development, European Commission, UK Department for International Development, German International Climate Initiative, CGIAR Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) Programmee. www.cifor.org/gcs More information: http://www.cifor.org/gcs/ http://www.cifor.org/ http://blog.cifor.org/

×