Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Protection and management of peatland ecosystem

360 views

Published on

Presented by Sri Parwati M B, Director of Directorate for Peatland Damage Control, Ministry of Environment and Forestry Indonesia, at the International Tropical Peatland Center (ITPC) soft launch, on 30 October 2018, in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

Protection and management of peatland ecosystem

  1. 1. Protection and Management of Peatland Ecosystem in Indonesia
  2. 2. Hello! I am Atik (Sri Parwati Murwani Budisusanti) Iam the Director ofDirectorate forPeatland DamageControl. Directorate Generalof EnvironmentalPollution and Damage Control, Ministryof Environmentand Forestry 2
  3. 3. Presentation Outline 3 1 The Challenges 2 National Policy 3 Achievements
  4. 4. 1. The Challenges Let’sstartwith thefirst setofslides
  5. 5. “Protection and Management of Peatland Ecosystem should be shared as all stakeholders responsibility [central & local government, public, NGO, university, etc]” 5
  6. 6. What makes peatland so special? 6 ✢ Peat: organic matter accumulated over thousands of years storing carbon in thick layers
  7. 7. This is the main problem in peatland ecosystem 7 DRAINAGE DRIED PEAT PEAT FIRE GHG EMISSION, etc SUBSIDENCE DEPRESSION FLOOD
  8. 8. 8 PROCESS OF PEATLAND DEGRADATION Natural situation Drainage Continued Drainage Close to end stage
  9. 9. Indicative for Protection Function: 39,4 % Indicative for Cultivation Function: 60,6 % 9 OVER DRAINAGE OF PEATLAND ECOSYSTEM
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12 PEATLAND DRAINING IN THE TRANSMIGRATION AREA [LOKASI TRANSMIGRASI UPT 2 SUNGAI PELANG, KECAMATAN MATAN HILIR SELATAN, DI KABUPATEN KETAPANG, KALIMANTAN BARAT (19 APRIL 2018)
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. The concept Bringback and preservethewater, bringback andpreserve the vegetation, and improve local community livelihoods 16
  17. 17. Canal blocking in community areas Canalblockingconstruction isto preservethepeatland water and rewetting theareas those proneto forest andland fires. Thecanal blockingalso provides water forfishpond. 17
  18. 18. Rehabilitation of vegetation Rehabilitation ofvegetation canbe carried out byreplantingof local timber tree and/ornatural succession. Economic value plantscan be applied for rehabilitation of vegetation incommunity areas. 18
  19. 19. 2. National Policy Let’scontinuewith thesecondsetofslides
  20. 20. POLICY ON PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF PEATLAND ECOSYSTEM Act 32 / 2009 GR 71/2014 jo. GR 57/2016 Government Regulation (GR) regarding Protection and Management of Peatland Ecosystem is a derivative of Act 32/2009 regarding Protection and Management of Environment The responsible institution → Environmental Agency 20
  21. 21. 1992 P.17_2017 Perubahan dari P.12_2015 tentang Pembangunan Hutan Tanaman Industri P.16_2017 Pedoman Teknis Pemulihan Fungsi Ekosistem Gambut P.15_2017 Tata Cara Pengukuran Muka Air Tanah di Titik Penaatan Ekosistem Gambut P.14_2017 Tata Cara Inventarisasi dan Penetapan Fungsi Ekosistem Gambut (Skala 1:50.000) PP No. 57 / 2016 Change over PP No. 71 / 2014 UU No. 24 / 1992 PENATAAN RUANG Inpres No. 6 / 2013 Peta Indikatif Penundaan Ijin Baru (PIPIB) /Moratorium Lahan Gambut Keppres No. 32 / 1990 Pengelolaan Kawasan Lindung Inpres No. 2 / 2007 Percepatan Rehabilitasi dan Revitalisasi Kawasan Pengembangan Lahan Gambut di Kalimantan Tengah GR No. 47 / 1997 Tata Ruang Nasional (RTRWN) UU No. 26/2007 TATA RUANG PP No. 26/2008 RTRWN UU No. 32 / 2009 Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup PP No. 71 Th. 2014 Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Ekosistem GambutInpres No. 10 / 2011 Peta Indikatif Penundaan Ijin Baru (PIPIB) Inpres No. 8 / 2015 Peta Indikatif Penundaan Ijin Baru (PIPIB)/Moratorium Lahan Gambut 1990 1997 201620142011 201320092008 2015 Strategi Nasional Pengelolaan Lahan Gambut SK.130_2017 Penetapan Peta Fungsi Ekosistem Gambut Nasional 2007 SK.129_2017 Penetapan Peta Kesatuan Hidrologis Gambut Nasional 20062000 PP No. 150 / 2000 Pengendalian Kerusakan Tanah Untuk Produksi Biomassa MOA Regulation No. 14/2009 Pedoman Pemanfaatan Lahan Gambut Untuk Budidaya Kelapa Sawit Peat protection function: Thickness > 3m in the upper river and swamp Standard criteria for peat degradation: Surface water level > 25 cm Peat protection function: min. 30% of the PHU area + Thickness >3m, etc. Criteria of degradation for cultivation function: Surface water level > 0,4 m Peraturan Menteri LHK 21
  22. 22. President Joko Widodo’s Directives and Instructions in handling the Land and Forest Fire 2015 1. Controlling and alleviating of the peatland fire must be tackle with all maximum possible efforts including: waterbombing, re-wetting, canal blocking, construction of mini dams, and deep well; 2. Law enforcement, including application of administrative sanction, administrative law, and criminal law; “All aspects related to the peatland ecosystem, Corrective action should be changed… after the peatland moratorium, the peatland restoration in the field must be implemented seriously and on an eye watch…” 22 3. Promoting the fire prevention through protection and management of peatland ecosystem; 4. Burnt areas in concession areas (private sector) shuold be controlled by government.
  23. 23. PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF PEATLAND ECOSYSTEM PLANNING UTILIZATION CONTROLLING PRESERVATION SURVAILANCE ADMINISTRATIVE SANCTION GR 71/2014 juncto GR 57/2016
  24. 24. 24 PRESERVATION OF PEATLAND ECOSYSTEM PLANNING ON PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF PEATLAND ECOSYSTEM INVENTORY AND DETERMINATION OF PEATLAND FUNCTION CYCLE OF PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF PEATLAND ECOSYSTEM
  25. 25. GOVERNMENTREGULATIONNO.71/2014JUNCTO GOVERNMENTREGULATIONNO.57/2016 (PROTECTIONANDMANAGEMENTOFPEATLAND ECOSYSTEM) 1. Scope: Planning, Utilization, Control, Preservation, Survailance and Administrative Sanction 2. Determination of peatland function 3. Planning for Protection and Management of Peatland Ecosystem 4. Standard Criteria for Peatland Degradation 5. Prohibition and restriction on peatland utilization Community areas Concession areas (permit) INVENTORY [MOEF Regulation No. P.14/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/ 2/2017] DETERMINATION OF PEATLAND FUNCTION (PROTECTION & CULTIVATION FUNCTION ) MONITORING OF PEATLAND SURFACE WATER LEVEL DEGRADED PEATLAND PPMPE (RPPEG) [MOEF Regulation No. P.15/MENLHK/SETJEN / KUM.1/2/2017] Concession/ Community areas RESTORATION [MOEF Regulation No. P.16/MENLHK/SETJEN / KUM.1/2/2017] 1 2 3 25
  26. 26. TECHNICAL GUIDELINES UNDER GR 71/2014 JUNCTO GR 57/2016 ⚫ DGOFPPKLREGULATIONNo. P.3/PPKL/PKG/PKL.0/3/2018 regardingGUIDELINE OFREWETTING INFRASTRUCTURECONSTRUCTIONFORPEATLANDECOSYSTEMRESTORATION ⚫ DGOFPPKLREGULATIONNo. P.4/PPKL/PKG/PKL.0/3/2018 regardingGUIDELINE FORTECHNICAL IMPLEMENTATIONOFTHEDELEGATIONACTIVITIES FORPEATLAND RESTORATIONYEAR 2018 ⚫ DGOFPPKLREGULATIONNo. P.5/PPKL/PKG/PKL.0/3/2018 regardingTECHNICALGUIDELINE FOR COMPILING OFTHEPLANNING DOCUMENTFORPEATLANDRESTORATIONFORTHEBUSINESS AND/OR ACTIVITY ⚫ DGOFPPKLREGULATIONNo. P.9/PPKL/PKG/PKL.0/7/2018 regardingSTANDARDCOSTFOR CONSTRUCTIONOFREWETTINGINFRASTRUCTUREFORPEATLANDECOSYSTEMRESTORATION ⚫ DGOFPPKLREGULATIONNo. P.10/PPKL/PKG/PKL.0/7/2018 regardingGUIDELINEFOR EVALUATIONOFRESTORARTIONSUCCESSSIN PEATLANDRESTORATIONFORBUSINESSAND/OR ACTIVITY ⚫ DGOFPPKLDECREENo. 40/PPKL/PKG/PKL.0/3/2018 regardingTHESTATESOFPEATLAND ECOSYSTEMDEGRADATION 26
  27. 27. What do WE HAVE…? ✢ Wehave: ○ Mapof NationalPHUs,scale1:250.000 ○ Mapof NationalPeatland Indicative FunctionforPeatland, scale1:250.000 ○ Mapsof23 PHUs,scale1:50.000 ○ Mapsof23 Peatland Indicative Function, scale1:50.000 ○ MapofCanalson PeatlandEcosystem (national) ○ Mapof theStatusofPeatland EcosystemDegradation ✢ Guidelines(restoration,watermanagement, inventory & determination offunction,Planning ofprotection & management ofpeatland ecosystem, etc) 27
  28. 28. Total : 865 PHUs Sumatera : 207 PHUs, Sulawesi : 3 PHUs, Kalimantan : 190 PHUs, Papua : 465 PHUs 28 NATIONAL MAP OF PEATLAND HYDROLOGICAL UNIT (PHU), SCALE 1:250.000
  29. 29. Kab./Kota Inter- Kab./Kota Inter-Provinsi Aceh 37 189,274 136,050 12,840 338,164 Bangka-Belitung 17 72,381 25,531 0 97,913 Bengkulu 3 8,943 0 5,326 14,269 Jambi 14 175,859 526,127 202,437 904,423 Kepulauan Riau 5 16,284 0 0 16,284 Lampung 7 44,479 53,118 0 97,597 Riau 59 1,503,404 3,664,911 187,058 5,355,374 Sumatera Barat 14 129,974 16,256 7,629 153,859 Sumatera Selatan 36 1,400,010 583,177 118,574 2,101,761 Sumatera Utara 27 121,544 286,787 116,555 524,885 Total Sumatera 207 3,662,152 5,291,957 650,420 9,604,529 Kalimantan Barat 124 2,028,147 760,339 12,961 2,801,447 Kalimantan Selatan 4 0 191,021 47,444 238,465 Kalimantan Tengah 35 769,751 3,829,367 75,988 4,675,105 Kalimantan Timur 16 147,162 195,188 0 342,350 Kalimantan Utara 13 189,597 157,854 0 347,451 Total Kalimantan 190 3,134,656 5,133,770 136,392 8,404,818 Sulawesi Barat 2 0 0 42,476 42,476 Sulawesi Tengah 3 12,345 0 8,469 20,814 Total Sulawesi 3 12,345 0 50,945 63,290 Papua 250 3,200,949 1,896,328 0 5,097,276 Papua Barat 216 1,289,714 208,176 0 1,497,891 Total Papua 465 4,490,663 2,104,504 0 6,595,167 I N D O N E S I A 865 11,299,816 12,530,231 837,757 24,667,804 Administrative Boundary Total Area (Ha) Provinsi, Kabupaten Number of PHU
  30. 30. 30 INDICATIVE MAP FOR NATIONAL ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION, SCALE 1:250.000
  31. 31. 3. Achievements Let’sfinish with thethirdset ofslides
  32. 32. We’ve been carried out the peatland restoration ✢ For concession area: ✢ Restorationof hydrological function → bringing backthewater ✢ Rehabilitationof vegetation →bringing backthevegetation [replantingwith local forest timberand/or naturalsuccession] ✢ For community area: ✢ Restorationof hydrological function → bringing backthewater ✢ Rehabilitationof vegetation →bringing backthevegetation [replantingwith economic valueplants- paludiculture] 32
  33. 33. 2,589,213.98 haOfpeatland in concessionareas [industrialpulpwood plantation andpalm oil plantation]has beenrestored their hydrological function 33
  34. 34. 8,514 unit of pwmwThat’salot of points 560 unit of Rainfall StationTotal number! 928 unit of data loggerAndalot of logger 34
  35. 35. Canal blocking & rehabilitation of vegetation IndustrialPulpwood Plantation PalmOil Plantation Total Canalblocking (constructed) 7,492units 9,054units 16,546units Canalblocking (planned) 5,724units [2017-2026] 2,001units [2017-2026] 7,725units [2017-2026] Rehabilitation of vegetation (replanting& natural succession) 655,525.25ha - 655,525.25ha 35
  36. 36. Distribution of 8.514 COMPLIANCE POINTS – TO MONITOR THE PEATLAND WATER TABLE RED DOT = DATA LOGGER BLUE DOT = MANUAL ONLINE REPORTING SYSTEM
  37. 37. PT. NFS-ND PT. ABM-LIA PEATLAND SURFACE WATER LEVEL AT THE PALM OIL PLANTATION (2018) SURVIVAL RATE 100%, AND WATER LEVEL <0,4 M CAN BE ACHIEVED EVALUATION OF PEATLAND WATER LEVEL EVALUATION OF PEATLAND WATER LEVEL
  38. 38. ACCACIA PLANT AFTER HARVEST [IN THE PROTECTED FUNCTION OF PEATLAND ECOSYSTEM], PROHIBITED FOR REPLANTING, LEFT FOR NATURAL SUCCESSION NATURAL SUCCESSION
  39. 39. NATURAL SUCCESSION
  40. 40. PEATLAND ECOSYSTEM WITH PROTECTION FUNCTION, REWETTED (WATER LEVEL 0 M), REPLANTED WITH MERANTI (Shorea belangeran sp.) REPLATING WITH LOCAL FOREST TIMBER
  41. 41. REPLATING WITH LOCAL FOREST TIMBER
  42. 42. NURSERY OF MERANTI (Shorea belangeran sp.) FOR REVEGETATION FROM A COMPANY
  43. 43. Vegetation options for Peatland Restoration Reforestation, intensive planting Planting of fire barriers Agroforestry, paludiculture enrichment Forest Peat Village
  44. 44. PEATLAND RESTORATION IN WEST KALIMANTAN 44 CANAL BLOCKING IN COORDINATION WITH DISTRICT GOVT. PINEAPPLE FIELD THE TEAM [MOEF, FACILITATORS, EXPERTS] PINEAPPLE AND RUBBER TREE
  45. 45. THE CONCEPT OF PEATLAND RESTORATION IN COMMUNITY AREAS [SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION] UNIVERSITY FACILITATOR TRAINING PISA TEAM WORK - PMPE COMMUNITY WORK PLAN IMPROVEMENT OF ECONOMY, SOCIAL & ENVIRONMENT CHANGE OF BEHAVIOUR (SOCIAL) PEATLAND CARE COMMUNITY PISA =Problem Identification and Situation Analyses PMPE=Protection and Management of Peatland Ecosystem
  46. 46. THE RESULT OF PEATLAND RESTORATION IN COMMUNITY AREAS 46 OUTPUT 2015 2016 2017 2018 TOTAL Problem identification and analysis of situation (survey document)[IMAS] - 17 12 24 53 Establishment of team work for peatland restoration [TK-PPEG] by Head of Village) - 17 12 24 53 Community working plan (RKM) - 54 40 66 160 Number of constructed canal blocking (unit) 5 model (Riau, Kalbar, Kalteng) 76 (Aceh, Riau, Jambi, Kalbar, Kaltim) 94 (Aceh, Sumut, Kaltim) 135 (Aceh, Sumut, Sumbar, Kaltim) 310 (Aceh, Sumut, Sumbar, Riau, Jambi, Kalbar, Kalteng, Kaltim) Rewetted areas through canal blocking construction (ha) 173 Ha 2.870 Ha 2.139 Ha 2.123 Ha 7.305 Ha Total number of Facilitators 121 persons, distributed in 7 Provinces and 24 Districts In cooperation with 7 local universities (Universitas Syiah Kuala, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Universitas Andalas, Universitas Riau, Universitas Jambi, Universitas Tanjungpura, Universitas Mulawarwan)
  47. 47. 0 20.000 40.000 60.000 80.000 100.000 120.000 140.000 Jambi Riau Sumatera Selatan Kalimantan Barat Kalimantan Selatan Kalimantan Tengah Tahun 2013 199 1.078 484 23 418 3 Tahun 2014 3.471 6.301 8.505 3.556 341 4.023 Tahun 2015 19.528 4.041 30.985 3.192 1.715 122.883 Tahun 2016 37 1.928 266 1.859 160 913 Tahun 2017 306 1.109 2.603 761 1.073 734 Tahun 2018 29 2.841 12 571 26 451 Luas(Hektar) Grafik Luasan Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan di 6 Provinsi Prioritas Restorasi Gambut Tahun 2013 Tahun 2014 Tahun 2015 Tahun 2016 Tahun 2017 Tahun 2018 Source: Data analysis, sipongi.menlhk.go.id 47
  48. 48. 48 www.sipongi.menlhk.go.id
  49. 49. 49
  50. 50. 50 USES TO: ⚫ OUTREARCH OF POLICIES, WORKS AND ACHIEVEMENTS ⚫ PUBLICATION OF BEST PRACTICES ⚫ TUTORIAL ON PEATLAND RESTORATION ⚫ BANK OF PEATLAND KNOWLEDGES (PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT) OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF DIRECTORATE FOR PEATLAND DEGRADATION CONTROL http://pkgppkl.menlhk.go.id
  51. 51. Thanks! Any questions? Youcan findme at: GedungB, Lantai 3,Jalan D.I.Panjaitan Kav-24,Kebon Nanas,Jakarta Timur 13410 51

×