Preliminary findings of CIFOR study on
REDD+ proponent challenges
William D. Sunderlin
CIFOR COP 19/CMP 9 Event: ‘Getting ...
Proponent challenges survey
• Respondents: 23 organizations involved in
CIFOR’s Global Comparative Study on REDD+
• Decemb...
Main sources of pressure on forests
Implementation of interventions
Question: “Among the interventions that have begun or are planned, which
is potentially the most important for effectively...
Ranking of 62 factors affecting implementation
• Method: Respondents assess degree of challenge
posed by each factor (scal...
Question: What are the national & international policy changes
needed so that your project can fulfill its objectives?
• I...
Closing thoughts
• Disadvantageous policy and economic
conditions inhibit movement to the
essence of REDD+: performance-ba...
For further information
Duchelle, A.E., Cromberg, M., Gebara, M.F., Guerra, R., Melo, T., Larson, A.M.,
Cronkleton, P., Bo...
We thank our donors!
Preliminary findings of CIFOR study on REDD+ proponent challenges
Preliminary findings of CIFOR study on REDD+ proponent challenges
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Preliminary findings of CIFOR study on REDD+ proponent challenges

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William Sunderlin shows which are the most important REDD+ challenges so far, according to an ongoing study by CIFOR.

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  • FAR = Forest access restrictions
    FE = Forest enhancement
    LE-NC = Livelihood enhancement – non-conditional
    LE-C = Livelihood enhancement – conditional
    EE = Environmental education
    TC = Tenure clarification
    O = Other
  • William –I’m not sure if this will already be part of your introduction, and/or if this and next slide should be tagged onto the last presentation
  • Preliminary findings of CIFOR study on REDD+ proponent challenges

    1. 1. Preliminary findings of CIFOR study on REDD+ proponent challenges William D. Sunderlin CIFOR COP 19/CMP 9 Event: ‘Getting REDD+ off the ground: challenges and opportunities’ Friday, 15 November 2013 Column Hall, University of Warsaw
    2. 2. Proponent challenges survey • Respondents: 23 organizations involved in CIFOR’s Global Comparative Study on REDD+ • December 2012-June 2013 • Central question: What are the challenges and opportunities in implementing of REDD+ in terms of attaining the 3Es & co-benefits? • Objectives of study:  Characterize initiatives (pressures, interventions, etc.)  Identify and rank challenges faced  Document solutions envisioned
    3. 3. Main sources of pressure on forests
    4. 4. Implementation of interventions
    5. 5. Question: “Among the interventions that have begun or are planned, which is potentially the most important for effectively reducing deforestation and forest degradation at your site?”
    6. 6. Ranking of 62 factors affecting implementation • Method: Respondents assess degree of challenge posed by each factor (scale 1-5). • Results: Tenure is the largest challenge Ranking second: REDD+ economic policy and disadvantageous economics of REDD+ Ranking in the top 20: technical & legal REDD+ policy; national forest & agricultural policy; governance capacity; international climate policy; national stakeholder engagement; illegal deforestation; insufficient funds
    7. 7. Question: What are the national & international policy changes needed so that your project can fulfill its objectives? • International:  Almost wholesale focus on economics and funding  Need for interim pre-compliance arrangements in run-up to 2020 to make up for deficiencies of voluntary market • National:  Much wider thematic diversity: tenure; markets and funding; need for national plan, strategy and/or funding mechanism; jurisdictional approach  Wide differences in level and quality of cooperation with national and local government influences type of recommendations (i.e. low or high government involvement, degree of reliance on markets, etc.)
    8. 8. Closing thoughts • Disadvantageous policy and economic conditions inhibit movement to the essence of REDD+: performance-based incentives • Some turning away from REDD+ • Proponents have moved ahead anyway largely through array of ICDP interventions • Remains to be seen if REDD+ can surmount challenges, become fundamentally different from ICDP, and achieve what it set out to do six years ago
    9. 9. For further information Duchelle, A.E., Cromberg, M., Gebara, M.F., Guerra, R., Melo, T., Larson, A.M., Cronkleton, P., Borner, J., Sills, E., Wunder, S., Bauch, S., May, P., Selaya, G., Sunderlin, W.D. 2013. Linking forest tenure reform, environmental compliance, and incentives: lessons from REDD+ initiatives in the Brazilian Amazon . World Development Resosudarmo, I.A.P., Atmadja, S., Ekaputri, A.D., Intarini, D.Y., Indriatmoko, Y. 2013. Does Tenure Security Lead to REDD+ Project Effectiveness?: Reflections from Five Emerging Sites in Indonesia . World Development. Sunderlin, W.D., Larson, A.M., Duchelle, A.E., Resosudarmo, I. A. P., Huynh Thu Ba, Awono, A., Dokken, T. 2013.How are REDD+ proponents addressing tenure problems? Evidence from Brazil, Cameroon, Tanzania, Indonesia, and Vietnam . World Development.
    10. 10. We thank our donors!

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