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Potential of Bamboo for Climate Change adaptation in Congo Basin

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Presented by Denis J Sonwa, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) on Cameroon regional workshop 2016.

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Potential of Bamboo for Climate Change adaptation in Congo Basin

  1. 1. THINKING beyond the canopy Potential of Bamboo for Climate Change adaptation in Congo Basin Denis J. Sonwa1&2 1. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Yaoundé Cameroon. 2. International Institute of tropical Agriculture (IITA), Yaoundé Cameroon Bamboo Carbon Forestry, Landscape Restoration & Sustainable Use Workshop on Harnessing the Potentials of Bamboo for Carbon Trading, Landscape Restoration and Job Creation Yaoundé, 11-12 August 2016
  2. 2. THINKING beyond the canopy Plan Climate responses in Congo Basin Climate Vulnerabilty Adaptation responses Moving ahead with Bamboo in adaptation
  3. 3. THINKING beyond the canopy Bassin du Congo: Le Cœur vert de l’Afrique !!!* Walker et al. 2008, Congo Basin State of the Forest, 2006 Climate responses in Congo Basin Biodiversity conservation was the priority REDD+ as a priority Issues of farmers livelihoods Vs Ecological consideration Few investment on Adaptation
  4. 4. THINKING beyond the canopy Bamboo within the responses Climate responses in Congo Basin Only Rwanda is mentioning Bamboo in his National Communication (Deforestation & Need of plantation for forest habitat protection & Livelihood) No Bamboo mention in PANA documents in Congo Basin
  5. 5. THINKING beyond the canopy ADAPTATION, definition… Climate responses in Congo Basin Adaptation to climate change requires adjustments in ecological, social, or economic systems to respond to actual or expected climatic situations and their effects. Adapting includes changes in processes, practices, and structures to moderate potential damages or benefit from opportunities linked to climate change. (UNFCCC)
  6. 6. THINKING beyond the canopy Livelihood actitvities Climatic exposure Agriculture Livestock NTFPs Hunting Fishing Lekie Yoka Lekie Yoka Lekie Yoka Lekie Yoka Lekie Yoka Heavy rainfall --- --- o o o o o o + + Punctual droughts during rainy season --- - -- - - o o Occasional rainfall during dry season ++ + + o Low rainfall during the year + + - - o o - Strong winds -- - o - - o Heat waves during dry season -- - - o o - - o --- High negative, -- Med negative, - Low negative, o No, + Low positive, ++ Med positive Impacts on livelihood activities (Cameroon)* Forest-related activities: Less sensitive (safety nets?) Agriculture and livestock: Very sensitive to climate variability …. of forest communities Vulnerability *cofcca project, CIFOR
  7. 7. THINKING beyond the canopy …. of Bamboo Vulnerability As on others vegetation stands in Congo Basin, few studies exist on vulnerabilities of Bamboo Stands (Natural and Plantation) What will be the situation of Bamboo with the vulnerability of his habitat to climate change? How can the vulnerability of farmers affect the vulnerability of Bamboo stands? Can the mitigation activities using Bamboo be sustainable if the vulnerability of Bamboo is not well master? What are the main factor that can potentially affect Bamboo stand?
  8. 8. THINKING beyond the canopy Adaptation responses Mainly based on PANA Focus on Resilient Agriculture Diversification to buffer vulnerability effects Climate Information for seasonal to sub-seasonal forecasting Activities in some vulnerable ecosystems …. In Congo Basin
  9. 9. THINKING beyond the canopy Adaptation responses No direct mention of bamboo for Adaptation Bamboo mention for mitigation in Rwanda but some indirect adaptation effects CIFOR project (COBAM) : build the synergy between Adaptation and Mitigation with Bamboo in protected area landscape in Rwanda …. an Bamboo
  10. 10. THINKING beyond the canopy Challenge, How to merge adaptation & mitigation in main biodiversity landscapes? Making sure that REDD+ pilot activities are resilient to Climate change  Less pressure on forest habitat  Response to socio-economic & climate change pressures COBAM : Climate change and forests in the Congo basin: Synergies between adaptation and mitigation Adaptation responses
  11. 11. THINKING beyond the canopy Adaptation responses STUDIES*  Bamboo is part of the livelihood of rural communities  Deforestation of Bamboo stand is threatening carbon stock and biodiversity habitat  Main hazards during which Bamboo is used by local authorities and farmer as coping strategy: Strong Winds, heavy rains, land slides & Floods …. an Bamboo, CIFO/COBAM-ARECO imitative Participatory responses* Bamboo nurseries, multiplication & transformation for:  carbon stock enhancement (Mitigation)  Soil Erosion control (Adaptation)  Diversify income to increase the resilience of the household (Adaptation) *Pavageau, C., R. Butterfield et A. M. Tiani (2013). Current vulnerability in the Virunga landscape, Rwanda. Bogor, Indonésie, Centre de recherche forestière internationale (CIFOR) : 4p Mukakamari Dancilla, Louis Bernard Cheteu (2014). Foresterie à base communautaire pour l’atténuation et l’adaptation dans la zone du Parc National des Volcans (PNV) au Rwanda (COBAM-ARECO), Brief, COBAM, Bogor, Indonésie, Centre de recherche forestière internationale (CIFOR) : 4p NOTE D’IDEE DE PROJET(NIP), Appui à la promotion de la foresterie à base communautaire pour la conservation de la biodiversité, l’amélioration des conditions de vie et la lutte contre le changement climatique dans la zone du Parc National des Volcans (PNV) au Rwanda. Projet COBAM/PNV (Doccument Interne)
  12. 12. THINKING beyond the canopy Moving Ahead with Bamboo in Adaptation INBAR comment on the entry points of Bamboo in Climate Change Adaptation* Innovative use of Bamboo in Climate Smart Agriculture (reduce soil erosion, maintain slopes stability, rapidly restore degraded lands; off-farm sources of income ; animal fodder) Disaster Resilience (Bamboo housing & structures): (disaster include: flood, typhoons &cyclones, rising sea levels, mud slides and degraded coastal zones ) *INBAR Position paper, Input to the COP21-Paris – negotiation of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, December 2015
  13. 13. THINKING beyond the canopy Moving Ahead with Bamboo in Adaptation Why Bamboo was not part of Adaptation responses in many countries?  it did not have the same place in the livelihood as other NWFP !!! Few Information exist on the potential valorization of Bamboo !!! Few stakeholders new the existence of INBAR Is Bamboo a product that all the virtues (including the role in adaptation to climate change) are not yet well understood in the Congo Basin Landscapes? All the contributions (including INBAR one’) to Climate Change Response are welcome!!!!!!!
  14. 14. THINKING beyond the canopy Moving Ahead with Bamboo in Adaptation Adaptation for Bamboo Identify the climate factors that can affect natural and plantation stands of Bamboo Understand the impact of the future climate on Bamboo Improve the SFM of Bamboo and his resilience to climate change (Potential synergy between adaptation & Mitigation) Bamboo for Adaptation  Use the Bamboo for ecosystem conservation (Soil erosion control, land slides, floods, etc..)..  Use of bamboo to increase the resilience of agricultural land uses  Use of bamboo to increase the resilience of other livelihoods (Directly and/or indirectly)   EBA (Ecosystem Base Adaptation)
  15. 15. THINKING beyond the canopy *Climate responses in Congo basin generally take biodiversity conservation in consideration *Bamboo is not yet at the center of policy responses on climate change (only one country mention Bamboo in National Communication) *Lessons can be learned on Example of Rwanda.. *Moving ahead imply taking in consideration “Adaptation for Bamboo” and “Bamboo for Adaptation” in the biodiversity landscapes importance of Synergy Adaptation & Mitigation Conclusion
  16. 16. THINKING beyond the canopy www.cifor.org/cobam Thank you www.cifor.cgiar.org Twitter: @SonwaDenis d.sonwa@cigar.org www.cifor.org/cofcca/home.html http://foreststreesagroforestry.org/

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