Potential for restoration of
forest landscapes in Guatemala
and its impacts on national and
regional policy
Andrea Nájera
...
Guatemala
• 34% of the country
has forest cover (3.7
million
hectares,
2010)
• More than 146,000
hectares of forest
were l...
Guatemala
• The country has great potential for
restoration
• International conventions include
restoration targets that s...
Efforts and achievements
Interest in recovering degraded areas
1. Economic incentives for reforestation
2. Map of potentia...
1. Economic Incentives
for reforestation
PINFOR: Forestry Incentives Program:
• More than 112 thousand hectares have
been ...
1. Economic Incentives
for reforestation
PINPEP: Incentives program for small landholders
• 2,792.3 hectares were reforest...
1. Economic Incentives
for reforestation
PINFOR
Reforested area
(hectares)

+
115,134.24

Incentive

US$ 151.28
million

B...
2. Map of potential areas for restoration,
criteria used:
1. Areas without forest (excluding intensive
agriculture)
– Agro...
Proposed areas for restoration
Category

Area to restore (ha)

% of total

Riparian forests

335,690

9.4%

Mangrove

10,1...
3. National FLR Strategy
• Participatory process including
–
–
–
–
–
–

National institutions
NGOs
International cooperati...
Impacts on national and
regional policy
• National interest- one of the working spheres of national government
• Recovery ...
Conclusion and
Challenges for Guatemala
•
•
•
•

•
•

3.5 million hectares available for restoration
Many of them in pover...
Thank you
andrea.najera@inab.gob.gt
Potential for restoration of 
forest landscapes in Guatemala
 and its impacts on national and regional policy

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Potential for restoration of 
forest landscapes in Guatemala
 and its impacts on national and regional policy


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This presentation by Andrea Nájera from INAB shows how Guatemala's forests can be restored, which economic incentives were used, what the criteria for a map of potential areas for restoration were and what the conclusion and challenges for Guatemala are.

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Potential for restoration of 
forest landscapes in Guatemala
 and its impacts on national and regional policy


  1. 1. Potential for restoration of forest landscapes in Guatemala and its impacts on national and regional policy Andrea Nájera National Forests Institute, INAB Guatemala
  2. 2. Guatemala • 34% of the country has forest cover (3.7 million hectares, 2010) • More than 146,000 hectares of forest were lost between 2006-2010 (38,500 ha per year ).
  3. 3. Guatemala • The country has great potential for restoration • International conventions include restoration targets that should be met – Bonn Challenge • National policies also make it mandatory – – – – Constitution Forestry Law Law on protected areas Biodiversity Policy
  4. 4. Efforts and achievements Interest in recovering degraded areas 1. Economic incentives for reforestation 2. Map of potential areas for restoration 3. National Strategy for Forest Landscape Restoration (in process)
  5. 5. 1. Economic Incentives for reforestation PINFOR: Forestry Incentives Program: • More than 112 thousand hectares have been reforested in 15 years (1998-2012) • US$ 149.2 million : amount of the incentives • Reforestation • Natural regeneration • 335,290 recipients
  6. 6. 1. Economic Incentives for reforestation PINPEP: Incentives program for small landholders • 2,792.3 hectares were reforested in 6 years (2007-2012) • US$2.08 million: amount of the incentives • Reforestation • Agroforestry • 18,043 recipients
  7. 7. 1. Economic Incentives for reforestation PINFOR Reforested area (hectares) + 115,134.24 Incentive US$ 151.28 million Beneficiaries 353,333 PINPEP
  8. 8. 2. Map of potential areas for restoration, criteria used: 1. Areas without forest (excluding intensive agriculture) – Agroforestry – Forest landscapes for production – Forest landscapes for conservation (e.g. Protected Areas) – Silvopastoral systems 2. Riparian forests (50-100m in rivers and lakes) 3. Mangrove: areas deforested between 2008-2012
  9. 9. Proposed areas for restoration Category Area to restore (ha) % of total Riparian forests 335,690 9.4% Mangrove 10,132 0.3% 1,040,300 29.2% Silvopastoral systems 597,340 16.8% Agroforestry with permanent crops 432,490 12.1% Forests for production 937,870 26.3% Forests for conservation 211,980 5.9% 3,565,802 100.0% Agroforestry with annual crops Total
  10. 10. 3. National FLR Strategy • Participatory process including – – – – – – National institutions NGOs International cooperation agencies Municpalities Civil society Academy • Strategy should be finished by 2014
  11. 11. Impacts on national and regional policy • National interest- one of the working spheres of national government • Recovery of degraded ecosystems – Environmental goods and services – Protection of biological diversity – Carbon capture • Poverty reduction • Improvement of food security • Mitigation of climate change • Incentives for investments • Community participation • Information for decision making
  12. 12. Conclusion and Challenges for Guatemala • • • • • • 3.5 million hectares available for restoration Many of them in poverty zones or vulnerable areas of the country How will we pay restoration actions in Guatemala? Create sustainable business models: restoration should become a benefit (ecosystems goods and services) for the communities and the government, not a cost Private investments are possible National commitment and External Cooperation are necessary
  13. 13. Thank you andrea.najera@inab.gob.gt

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