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Policy and Implementation of Mangrove Strategic Management Plan


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Presented by Putera Parthama at Blue Carbon Summit, on 17-18 July 2018 in Jakarta, Indonesia

Published in: Environment
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Policy and Implementation of Mangrove Strategic Management Plan

  1. 1. POLICY AND IMPLEMENTATION OF MANGROVE STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Jakarta, 18 Juli 2018 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY Directorate General of Watershed Management and Protected Forest
  2. 2. WHAT IS BLUE CARBON ? Blue carbon is the carbon captured by living organisms in oceans and coastal ecosystem and is stored in the form of biomass within sediments from mangroves, salt marshes and sea grasses. Mangroves Mangroves are group of trees which grow on the intertidal zone, the zone between high tide line and low tide line. Tidal marshes Tidal marshes are dominated by dense salt-tolerant plants such as succulent herbs and low shrubs, and grasses. They are found on soft sediments on sheltered coastlines. Seagrasses Seagrasses are communities of underwater flowering plants. They are generally restricted to habitats with sediments comprised of sand, silt and mud and high light availability. DG of Watershed Management and Protected Forest focus on mangroves rehabilitation activities.
  3. 3. North and Central America 2.429.910 Ha 14.7% South America 2.595.210 Ha 15.7% West and Central Africa 2.181.960 Ha 13.2% East and South Africa 859.560 Ha 5.2% South Asia 1.124.040 Ha 6.8% South East Asia 5.537.550 Ha 33.5% Middle East 66.120 Ha 0.4% East Asia 16.530 Ha 0.1% Australia/New Zealand 1.107.510 Ha 6.7% Pacific Ocean 611.610 Ha 3.7% Indonesia has 3.49 mill ha 20% of world's mangrove forests Total mangrove forest area of the world is 16,53 million ha Biodiversity Index 1 - 2 3 - 4 5 - 8 9 - 12 13 - 16 17 - 20 21 - 25 26 - 35 36 - 40 41 - 47 Source : World ATLAS of Mangroves STATUS IN MANGROVE AREA WORLDWIDE •Largest in area •Richest in biodiversity
  4. 4. Total Mangrove Forest Area in Indonesia is 3,49 million ha 1,82 million ha In degraded condition - State forest 1,27 mill ha (70%) - Non-state/private forest 0,55 mill ha (30%) 1,67 million ha In good condition - State forest 0,9 mill ha (54%) - Non-state forest 0,77 mill ha (46%) CURRENT CONDITION OF MANGROVE IN INDONESIA Non-state forest 46% State forest 54% Good Condition Non-state forest 30% State forest 70% Degraded
  5. 5. Indonesia is losing 52.000 hectares of mangroves per year, or the equivalent of three football fields of mangroves per week. Causes of Mangrove Degradation Waste and chemical pollution. Encroachment, illegal logging and over exploitation. Mangrove conversion to agriculture, aquaculture, and infrastructure, industrial use, and urban development. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO MANGROVE DEGRADATION IN INDONESIA
  7. 7. Vision 1. Sustainability of mangroves ecosystem and its ecosystem services 2. Enhancement of mangroves- base economic product 3. Convenience of social activities related to mangroves Policy Perspective 1. Mangroves rehabilitation 2. Integrated of mangrove management in developing planning 3. Social awareness and integrity on the urgency of mangrove sustainability 4. Community engagement in the effort of mangroves rehabilitation
  8. 8. Government Regulations Number 76 Year 2008 on Forest Rehabilitation and Reclamation. Presidential Decree Number 73 Year 2012 on National Strategy on Mangrove Ecosystem Management. Law Number 41 Year 1999 on Forestry. Decision of Minister of Environment and Forestry of Indonesia Number P.09/Menhut- II/2013 jo P.39 Year 2016 on Procedures for Implementation, Supporting Activities and Incentives for Forest and Land Rehabilitation. Director General Regulation Number 8 Year 2016 onTechnical Guidance on Forest and Land Rehabilitation Activities. Decision of the Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs Number 4 Year 2017 on Policy, Strategy, Program and Performance Indicators of National Mangrove Ecosystem Management. Presidential Decree No. 32 of 1990 on the Management of Protected Areas. POLICY FRAMEWORK Presidential Decree Number 9 Year 2016 on One Map Policy.
  9. 9. DG of WMPF, MoEF Inter-Ministerial 1. National Strategy Plan and Policy on Mangrove Ecosystem Management (10 years). 2. Middle Term (5 years) National Plan for Land and Forest Rehabilitation of Mangrove (2.000 Ha by MoEF budget). 1. Follow-up Regulation of the Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs No. 4 Year 2017. 2. Establish and implement activities/action plans: rehabilitation 60.000 ha/year until 2045. POLICY FRAMEWORK OF NATIONAL STRATEGY ON MANGROVE MANAGEMENT
  10. 10. Presidential Decree No. 73 Year 2012 à National Strategy on Mangrove Ecosystem Management) Decision of the Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs No. 4 Year 2017 à Policy, Strategy, Program and Performance Indicators of National Mangrove Management à Four aspects : Ecology, Social economy, Institution, Regulation POLICY FRAMEWORK OF NATIONAL STRATEGY (Based on The Authority of the Coordinating Minister for Economic) Ecology Social Economy Institution Regulation Minimize mangrove ecosystem conversion Promote welvare through empowerment of communities, social forestry programs, partnership with private sectors, etc Capacity building of local community, local gov, research Intrl, sains & tech, Information system Developing integrated regulation among stakeholders which promotes investment Promote biodiversity protection function Promote NTFP, ecotourism, natural services Developing and enhancement national and provincial mangrove working group Promote participation stakeholder goverment, local gov, community and private sectors Coastal line protection Promote coordination among stakeholders Restoration/ rehabilitation of mangrove ecosystem (includes Developing National Action Plan and National Mangrove Map)
  11. 11. Tindak Lanjut Review policies at both the central and regional levels and consolidate of implementing the action plan Identifying potential resources to support sustainable mangrove ecosystems à invent Calculating emission value from mangrove ecosystem recovery, for carbon market Improving coordination among Government agencies, Local Governments, and Communities 1 3 4 5 2 6 Establishing national action plans of mangrove ecosystem rehabilitation Follow-up after promulgation Regulation of the Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs No. 4 Year 2017 Developing spatial data to determine the location of the action à rehabilitation map & national mangrove map PROGRAMME TO SUPPORT REHABILITATION MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM
  12. 12. 5 Main Points of the Paris Agreement Transparent carbon accounting and emission reduction systems. Strengthening ability to address the impacts of climate change. Strengthening recovery efforts due to climate change damage. Assisting the funding to build a green and sustainable economy. Adaptation and mitigation to climate change by reducing GHG emissions Mangrove ecosystem management as part of government effort to realize commitment in reducing greenhouse gas emission from land sector (land use) of 497 million ton CO2 in 2030 “ ” 12 INDONESIA'S COMMITMENT TO ACHIEVING GHG EMISSION REDUCTION
  14. 14. 10.401 8.871 12.403 12403 0 1.303 1.349 1349 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 RPJMN 2011 – 2014 = 41.475 Ha RPJMN 2015 – 2019 = 2.000 Ha Rehabitation Target per Year= 400 Ha Source : DG WMPF, MoEF ACHIEVEMENT ON MANGROVE REHABILITATION BY MoEF Rehabilitation patterns: 1. Silvofishery 2. Intensive Rehabilitation 3. Community Nurshery
  15. 15. The government targets the recovery of 1.82 million Ha of mangrove ecosystems by 2045 Will be achieved by rehabilitating 60,000 Ha/year 15 2019 1,75 juta ha 2017 1,69 juta ha 2034 2,70 juta ha 2045 3,49 juta ha 2093 3,49 juta ha Rehabilitation Target of Mangrove Ecosystem 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3 3,5 4 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 2080 2090 2100 LuasMangrove(jutaHa) Tahun Regulation of the Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs No. 4 Year 2017. Middle Term National Plan (5 years) for Land and Forest Rehabilitation of Mangrove. NATIONAL TARGET OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM REHABILITATION
  16. 16. Rehabilitation site location has been detailed by province, district to village.
  17. 17. 2 1 3 4 5 One Map Mangrove Sumatera 2014 Scale 1:50.000 One Map Mangrove Jawa 2013 Scale 1:25.000 One Map Mangrove Bali – Nusa Tenggara 2016 Scale 1:25.000 One Map Mangrove Maluku & Maluku Utara 2017 Scale1:25.000 One Map Mangrove Sulawesi 2015 Scale 1:25.000 One Map Mangrove Kalimantan 2018 Scale 1:25.000 One Map Mangrove Papua 2019 Scale 1:25.000 6 7 ONE MAP MANGROVE DEVELOPMENT As a national baseline on mangrove management. Tools for policy, planning and implementation making.
  18. 18. National/ Provincial/ District - Mangrove Working Group. Until now there were 27 Working Group has been established. ü Mangrove Forest Management Center (BPHM) region I and II (2006-2015). ü Watersheds Management and Forestry Agency in 34 Districts. MANGROVE WORKING GROUP
  19. 19. Indonesia has initiated ASEAN Mangrove Network (AMNET) since 2013. AMNET aims to: 1. Support, promote and build the existing conservation and rehabilitation of mangrove ecosystem management in ASEAN. 2. Become a platform for bringing better environment and livelihoods for the people living along the coastal areas of AMS. ASEAN Mangrove Network (AMNET)
  20. 20. The role of silvofishery is as a pattern of mangrove ecosystem management based on mangrove cultivation and sustainable aquaculture in order to improve the welfare of people around the region. SILVOFISHERY Silvofishery Alternative Models Silvofishery in Serang, Banten
  21. 21. THE WAY FORWARD (STRATEGIES) 1. Mainstreaming mangrove management in climate change mitigation strategies (e.g. NDC, REDD+) 2. Conservation of mangrove forests (e.g. marine protected areas) 3. Rehabilitation and restoration of degraded mangroves and abandoned ponds 4. Promote sustainable management of aquaculture ponds (e.g. Silvofishery, IMTA) 5. Land use policy and regulation on sustainable mangrove management and aquaculture 6. Improvement of coastal community livelihood and resilience to climate change 7. Strengthen participatory & collaborative mangrove management 8. Awareness raising to coastal community