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How Landscape Approaches Support National Programs and Goals


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This presentation by Peter Besseau from the International Model Forest Network focuses on the why of landscapes approaches, what a model forest is, its framework and what was learned from working on a landscape scale.

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How Landscape Approaches Support National Programs and Goals

  1. 1. How Landscape Approaches Support National Programs and Goals International Model Forest Network Peter Besseau November 16, 2013 Warsaw, Poland
  2. 2. Landscape approaches: why this, why now? We have policies. We have science. We have regulations. We have authority and mandates We have problems.
  3. 3. Landscape approaches: Why this? Why now? Status Quo Fragmentation and degradation Opportunity cost – status quo is too expensive Status quo outcomes contrary to interests Intersecting crises: Foodfuel-fibre Avoidable conflicts Real / Absolute scarcity Integrated Landscape Approach Workable scale Replicable Research and knowledge creation Innovation & Efficiency Genuine stakeholder engagement Understanding tradeoffs: making informed choices A more robust process to better address the actual level of complexity
  4. 4. What is a Model Forest? A Model Forest is based on an approach that combines the social, environmental and economic needs of local communities with the long-term sustainability of large landscapes in which forests are an important feature.
  5. 5. Model Forest Framework (Principles) 1. Landscape in scale 2. Partnership representative of the values and interests in that landscape 3. Commitment to work toward sustainability 4. Program of work reflective of partner values and interests 5. Governance structure that is accountable, transparent, respectful 6. Networking – actively sharing and learning from the local level up to international
  6. 6. Model Forests involve… Sustainability Explore approaches to sustainable development • Links conservation of resources and the landscape, local economic growth, community involvement and needs of future generations Develop, test and share innovative solutions to the management, development and other SFM challenges faced by participants Help achieve locally defined solutions to global and national sustainable development initiatives (i.e. REDD+) Model forests are a process, not a project – it takes time to build trust between stakeholders
  7. 7. The IMFN
  8. 8. National Forest Programs • 3 core “clusters” of principles: • National sovereignty and country leadership • Consistency within and integration beyond the forest sector • Participation and partnerships
  9. 9. Climate change and REDD+ • REDD+ processes must be nationally driven • Must recognize value of forests beyond carbon • Require sustained communication and engagement with stakeholders • Must recognize that the requirements for REDD+ are similar to the requirements for SFM (ie. good governance) The drivers of deforestation and degradation must be addressed to achieve sustainable results = landscape approach
  10. 10. Participatory Watershed Mgt. in Ulot Watershed Model Forest, Philippines
  11. 11. Shaping Policy in Tierras Adjuntas Model Forest, Puerto Rico From the first Biological Corridor to a Robust Law
  12. 12. What have we learned about working at a landscape scale? • Consider the work as a long-term process, not a project • Recognize that every landscape will need a customized approach (people, culture, climate, history, resources, governance and opportunity all differ) • Do it at a scale that reflects and draws in all of the problems and opportunities typical in a landscape • Create a partnership as complex as the values and uses of the landscape and a forum where open dialogue on tough issues can be discussed • Put responsibility for success in many hands • Changing the way we think is a significant achievement
  13. 13. THANK YOU