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Operationalising the landscape approach for biodiversity benefits: Policy, practice and people


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Presented by Terry Sunderland at Project Inception Workshop, Choma, Zambia, 3-4 May 2019

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Operationalising the landscape approach for biodiversity benefits: Policy, practice and people

  1. 1. Operationalising the landscape approach for biodiversity benefits: Policy, practice and people Project Inception Workshop Choma, Zambia 3-4 May 2019
  2. 2. Landscapes have been central to CIFOR’s research strategy: Central to CIFOR’s Strategy since 1993:  Landscapes for Sustainable Livelihoods (LIV)  Biodiversity in Fragmented Landscapes (ENV)  Managing conservation and development trade-offs at the landscape scale (Domain 4)  Landscape Management, ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation and livelihoods (Component 3)  Sustainable landscapes and food systems • Adaptive collaborative management • “Landscape Mosaics” – SDC (with ICRAF) • Landscape principles and guidelines • Global Landscapes Forum • Systematic reviews
  3. 3. The origin of the “landscape approach” 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010 - present 1980s: Integrated Rural Development 1998: Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM) 1985 onwards: Integrated Conservation & Development projects (ICDPs) Contributing Sciences: Ecosystem Management Landscape Ecology Island biogeography Conservation rooted frameworks e.g. “Ecosystem Approach” 1983: “Landscape Approach” first documented (Noss, BioScience) Last decade: (Integrated) Landscape Approach frameworks
  4. 4. “A review of 15 Integrated Conservation and Development Projects in Asia who said they were working at the landscape scale were in fact primarily focused on protected areas.”
  5. 5. Systematic reviews • Identified major gaps in our understanding of implementation of landscape approaches • Yet pervasive narrative continued to promote “landscapes as a solution”… but to what? • Research not informing rhetoric • SDG’s provide opportunity for addressing development role of forests in landscapes
  6. 6. “We conclude that landscape approaches are a welcome departure from previous unsuccessful attempts at reconciling conservation and development in the tropics but, despite claims to the contrary, remain nascent in both their conceptualization and implementation”. (Reed et al. 2017)
  7. 7. Operationalising the landscape approach: From theory to practice THEORY & POLICY PRACTICE: Integration & evaluation Local stakeholders: NGO’s; CSO’s Local communities Private sector Local government Drivers: Researchers Policy makers Central government
  8. 8. This IKI project • Concept first submitted in May 2015 • Invited to re-submit in 2016 • Full proposal development through 2017 • Continued refinement to June 2018 when project commenced
  9. 9. Approach and target groups • Proposed approach is “bottom up”, which will involve government and civil society and local communities,. • The primary targets are multi-stakeholder platforms across multiple scales through wards, district and province to national level
  10. 10. Project objectives • To address gaps between strong scientific theory and weak implementation • To facilitate multi-stakeholder dialogue to benefit actors across multiple sectors and decision-making scales • Raise awareness of the value of biological diversity in complex landscapes to inform national policies • To empower marginalized groups to effectively participate in decision-making processes • To test the extent to which implementation of landscape approaches can reduce the conflict between charcoal production (for example) and other forest uses
  11. 11. Project is implemented through four Work Packages • WP1: Multi-stakeholder consultation • WP2: Building capacity to implement landscape approaches to integrated management • WP3: Pilot testing of integrated landscapes approaches • WP4: National and global policy recommendations
  12. 12. Policy framework Laws and regulations that support the implementation of landscape approaches in Zambia include: • National Forestry Policy of 2014 • Forests Act of 2015 • National REDD Strategy • Climate Change Policy • Decentralisation Policy • Urban and Regional Planning Act of 2015 • National Guidelines for Community Forestry of 2018 • Inter-Ministerial Committee on Climate Change • Folklore Act 2016
  13. 13. Implementation partners Forestry Department • Ensures the project becomes part of the inter-ministerial committee on climate change • Promote the project at all levels of government • Access data and information from other departments, including forest and land use data CBNRM • Promote the implementation of landscape approaches for conservation, livelihoods and adaptation to climate change, biodiversity conservation, democracy and governance • Outreach through Forum members
  14. 14. Research partners Centre for International Forest Research • Overall project management and coordination • Budgets and finance University of Amsterdam • Supervision of four PhD students, including two for Zambia • Lead on governance aspects of research University of British Columbia • Supervision of graduate students (both PhD and Masters) • Remote sensing support • Scientific advisory role
  15. 15. Great opportunity… • To challenge the project implementation paradigm; moving from “project” to “process” • Facilitating empowerment and knowledge sharing • Building on existing networks and previous research • To understand and monitor change in ever-changing, dynamic landscapes • Formal capacity building through student engagement • To do cool stuff – photovoice, drone mapping, landscape games – while keeping people engaged • To provide much needed leadership in implementing “landscape approaches”
  16. 16. Getting the message out
  17. 17. Thank you!