Monitoring REDD+ landscapes

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This presentation by Martin Herold from Wageningen University explains how entire REDD+ landscapes can successfully be monitored.

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Monitoring REDD+ landscapes

  1. 1. Monitoring REDD+ landscapes Martin Herold Wageningen University UNFCCC COP 19, Warsaw GLF, 17. Nov. 2013
  2. 2. GOFC-GOLD REDD+ Sourcebook http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/redd A sourcebook of methods and procedures for monitoring and reporting anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and removals caused by deforestation, gains and losses of carbon stocks in forests remaining forests, and forestation Latest version published for COP-19 in Warsaw
  3. 3. Training material for REDD+ monitoring and reporting REDD+ background and design REDD+ measuring and monitoring REDD+ assessment and reporting 1 UNFCCC context and requirements and introduction to IPCC guidelines M. Herold, E. Romijn, B. Mora 2 Framework for building national forest monitoring systems for REDD+ E. Romijn, M. Herold, B. Mora 3 Assessing and analyzing drivers of deforestation and forest degradation E. Romijn, M. Herold 4 Monitoring activity data for forests using remote sensing J. Miettinen, A. Langner, F. Achard, B. Mora 5 Monitoring activity data for forests remaining forests (incl. forest degr.) C. Souza, S. Brown, J. Miettinen, F. Achard 6 Estimating emission factors for forest cover change (def. and degr.) S. Brown & N. Harris 7 Approaches to community/local expert forest monitoring M. Skutsch 8 Estimation of carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degr. N. Harris & S. Brown 9 Estimation of GHG emissions from biomass burning L. Boschetti 10 Estimation of uncertainties G. Grassi, S. Monni, A. Langner, F. Achard, M. Herold 11 Overview and status of evolving technologies B. Mora, E. Romijn 12 Data and guidance on developing REDD+ reference levels M. Herold, E. Romijn, S. Brown 13 Guidance on reporting using IPCC Guidelines and Guidance G. Grassi 14 Reporting interim REDD+ performance M. Herold, E. Romijn
  4. 4. REDD+ entering phase 2  Proposals made to Worldbank Carbon fund  Payment based on performance Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ER-Program Area (all drafts) Costa Rica DRC Republic of Congo Mexico Vietnam Indonesia Ethiopia Ghana Chile Nepal Whole country Several districts Two departments Several states Several provinces Two districts One State Two zones To be determined Several districts
  5. 5. Proximate drivers of deforestation Hosonuma et al 2012, ERL http://www.decc.gov.uk/assets/decc/11/tacklingclimate-change/international-climatechange/6316-drivers-deforestation-report.pdf
  6. 6. SBSTA guidance on drivers of DD  Noting the complexity of the problem, different national circumstances and multiple drivers  Countries to address drivers when developing and implementing their national strategies  Participation of relevant stakeholders  Importance of cross-sector coordination  International cooperation can contribute  Encourage parties, organizations and the private sector to reduce the drivers  Noting that livelihoods may dependent drivers; implications for economic costs & domestic resources
  7. 7. Interlinking drivers, interventions and monitoring Based on assessment of 43 REDD+ countries in 98 readiness documents Salvini et al. in review, ERL
  8. 8. Links to performance & benefit sharing  Many REDD+ interventions are outside forests and cannot be traced to specific forest areas:  REDD+ monitoring of activities  National forest-related (GHG) impact to be assessed  Sub-national/local REDD+ performance maybe hard to link to carbon-related compensation:  Input-based benefit distribution systems based on stakeholder participation in REDD+ activities? http://redd.ciga.unam.mx/images/InfoBrief2.pdf
  9. 9. Objectives for REDD+ monitoring  Besides meeting international reporting needs (IPCC GPG) - REDD+ national monitoring objectives: ● Underpin and stimulate strategies and priorities for REDD+ implementation ● Track performance of REDD+ activities and their impacts (carbon & non-carbon) ● Support the generation and sharing of benefits  SBSTA guidance on drivers: multi-sector, stakeholders, livelihoods, ...: ● REDD+ performance in landscape context  Simplicity versus complexity
  10. 10. Landscape objectives and examples of measures • Easy to understand • Apply to any scale • Apply to any location • Measurable • Sustainability can mean improvement over time Courtesy of P. Holmgren
  11. 11. Global forest cover gains/losses 2000-12 http://earthenginepartners.appspot.com/science-2013-global-forest Hansen et al., 2013. Science , 342
  12. 12. Definitions & accounting of forest changes Kurz et al., 2008, PNAS
  13. 13. Conclusions  Landscape thinking inherent to REDD+  National REDD+ monitoring goes beyond forests: ● Drivers and interventions ● Carbon and non-carbon impacts ● Benefit sharing  Monitoring REDD+ landscapes: ● Need for simple, measureable indicators  REDD+ moving to phase 2

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