SFM and integrated approaches at the landscape level to tackle climate change and other challenges to forests in Sweden

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This presentation by Magnus Fridh focuses on:
1. Forest and Forestry in Sweden
2. National policy frameworks to support SFM
3. Integrated landscape solutions to resolve land-use conflicts and tackling climate change

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SFM and integrated approaches at the landscape level to tackle climate change and other challenges to forests in Sweden

  1. 1. SFM and integrated approaches at the landscape level to tackle climate change and other challenges to forests in Sweden Global Landscapes Forum Warsaw 16-17 November 2013
  2. 2. Outline of the presentation 1. Forest and Forestry in Sweden 2. National policy frameworks to support SFM 3. Integrated landscape solutions to resolve land-use conflicts and tackling climate change
  3. 3. Forests and Forestry in Sweden Population 9,5 million Land area 41 million hectares 70% forest cover 13% of export income Large export of pulp, paper and sawn timber
  4. 4. Urbanization – a strong driver Folkmängd Population % 100 90 Urban 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 Rural 10 0 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 Source: Melin, Johansson och Hedenborg Sveriges historia koncentrerad uppslagsbok, 1997
  5. 5. Sustainable development of growing stock million m³ standing volume 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 Scots pine 500 0 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 5
  6. 6. Avoided emissions 1970-2010 Substitution with bioenergy cut emissions of 550 Mton CO2 in 40 yrs Million m3 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 Carbon stock: 1970-2010 = + 840 Mton Döda träd Dead or windthrown trees Lövträd Broad-leaved Gran Norway spruce 500 Tall 0 Scots pine 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
  7. 7. National forest policy framework • 1994 Forestry Act – Equal goals for wood production and environmental consideration – Framework legislation – Sector responsibility – Forest agency, to find a balance between economy, ecology and social aspects
  8. 8. National forest policy framework • 2009 addition to Forestry Act – The role of forests to mitigate climate change – SFM create robust and vigorous forests with high rate of growth, favourable to carbon storage as well as substitute fossil fuels – Future development – climate, biodiversity, bioenergy
  9. 9. Protected nature by protection type ha Nature reserves National parks
  10. 10. Integrated approaches at the landscape level Model forest concept put into practise – Baltic Landscapes project – Vilhemina Model Forest
  11. 11. Model Forest
  12. 12. Model Forest A Model Forest is both a geographic area and a partnership-based approach to the sustainable management of forest-based landscapes and natural resources. Is about the people who sustain themselves from the forest.
  13. 13. Baltic Landscape Project
  14. 14. Baltic Landscape Project The aim is to establish a network of Baltic landscapes sites developed in connection to the International Model Forest Network. Will work as case study areas for development of new approaches in sustainable management of landscapes.
  15. 15. The core area of Vilhelmina Model Forest (VMF) is Vilhelmina municipality, about 850,000 ha. A large representative part of the Northern Swedish forest land and mountains. The roughly 7,000 inhabitants depend on the landscape and local natural resources for their livelihood through forestry, reindeer herding, hydropower, hunting, fishing, wi nd energy, tourism, etc.
  16. 16. Demonstration trails: alternative forest management practices, use and restoration of streams, Sami cultural relics etc.
  17. 17. Reindeer herding – Study of food availability Forest older than 63 years Source: Horstkotte, Moen, Lämås, Helle
  18. 18. Inventories and models provide important facts to talks Forest older than 63 years Source: Horstkotte, Moen, Lämås, Helle
  19. 19. Sustainable, well managed forests can play an important role in a switch-over to green economy with low impact on climate and environment. Integrated approaches at the landscape level can be useful tools to deal with potential land-use conflicts.

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