Low-emissions development and societal welfare:
trade-offs, risks and power struggles
in forest and climate change policy ...
THINKING beyond the canopy
CIFOR’s Global Comparative Study
(GCS-REDD+)
• To support REDD+ policy arenas
and practitioner ...
THINKING beyond the canopy
Analysis of national REDD+ policies and processes
in 14 countries since 2009
http://www.forestsclimatechange.org/global-co...
REDD+ in urgent need
for change
in national policy arenas!
THINKING beyond the canopy
Transformational change versus business-as-
usual
Transformational change:
‘a shift in discours...
Examples of
transformational change
In the context of REDD+, transformational outcomes can be
i) changes in economic, regu...
A political economy framework to
analyse opportunities and obstacles
for REDD+
- the 4 I’s -
THINKING beyond the canopy
Seeing
REDD+
through
4I’s:
institutions,
interests,
ideas,
information
(Brockhaus and
Angelsen ...
How do the 4 Is hinder or enable
change (1)
• Institutional stickiness: Formal power typically rests
with the ‘stickiest’ ...
How do the 4 Is hinder or enable
change (2)
• Ideas: discourse affects policy making, they frame the
problem and present a...
2008
2012
2009
CIFOR’s 3rd
edited volume
on REDD
We acknowledge the support from:
Norad and the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment of
Norway,
AusAID (Australia),
E...
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Low-emissions development and societal welfare: trade-offs, risks and power struggles in forest and climate change policy arenas

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This presentation shown at the Forests Asia Summit introduces the Global Comparative Study (GCS) on REDD+ executed by CIFOR.

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  • In the face of numerous emerging first-generation REDD+ activities – both projects and national strategies – CIFOR has started in 2009, a global comparative study on REDD+.
  • Where we are working : 14 countries with Ethiopia as most recent addition
  • Some major outputs of CIFOR’s global comparative study.
  • Low-emissions development and societal welfare: trade-offs, risks and power struggles in forest and climate change policy arenas

    1. 1. Low-emissions development and societal welfare: trade-offs, risks and power struggles in forest and climate change policy arenas Forest Asia Summit, May 2014
    2. 2. THINKING beyond the canopy CIFOR’s Global Comparative Study (GCS-REDD+) • To support REDD+ policy arenas and practitioner communities with - information - analysis - tools • so as to ensure 3E+ outcomes: - effectiveness - efficiency - equity and co-benefits
    3. 3. THINKING beyond the canopy
    4. 4. Analysis of national REDD+ policies and processes in 14 countries since 2009 http://www.forestsclimatechange.org/global-comparative- study-on-redd.html
    5. 5. REDD+ in urgent need for change in national policy arenas!
    6. 6. THINKING beyond the canopy Transformational change versus business-as- usual Transformational change: ‘a shift in discourse, attitudes, power relations, and deliberate policy and protest action that leads policy formulation and implementation away from business as usual policy approaches that directly or indirectly support deforestation and forest degradation’ (Brockhaus and Angelsen, 2012; Di Gregorio et al, 2012 in ‘Analysing REDD+’)
    7. 7. Examples of transformational change In the context of REDD+, transformational outcomes can be i) changes in economic, regulatory and governance frameworks, including the devolution of rights to local users; ii) removals of perverse incentives, such as subsidies and concessions that serve selective economic interests and stimulate deforestation and forest degradation; and iii) reforms of forest industry policies and regulations that effectively reduce unsustainable extraction
    8. 8. A political economy framework to analyse opportunities and obstacles for REDD+ - the 4 I’s -
    9. 9. THINKING beyond the canopy Seeing REDD+ through 4I’s: institutions, interests, ideas, information (Brockhaus and Angelsen 2012)
    10. 10. How do the 4 Is hinder or enable change (1) • Institutional stickiness: Formal power typically rests with the ‘stickiest’ organisations – those with enough influence to resist change – while new institutions and actors are ignored or remain isolated (e.g. colonial rules, Ministries responsible for natural resources) • Interests: State’s interest in social and economic welfare can fall short if lack of autonomy from interests that drive deforestation and degradation (e.g. rent seeking, fraud, collusion and corruption practices inside the bureaucratic system)
    11. 11. How do the 4 Is hinder or enable change (2) • Ideas: discourse affects policy making, they frame the problem and present a limited set of choices of what is ‘reasonable’ or what is put forward as ‘the possible’ (e.g. REDD+ benefits for those who contribute to efficiency and effectiveness, versus benefits for those who have moral rights based on equity considerations) • Information: Facts, rather than speaking for themselves, are selected, interpreted, and put in context in ways that reflect the interests of the information provider (e.g. reference level setting)
    12. 12. 2008 2012 2009 CIFOR’s 3rd edited volume on REDD
    13. 13. We acknowledge the support from: Norad and the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment of Norway, AusAID (Australia), European Commission, Dept. of Energy and Climate Change & Dept. for Int. Dev. (UK), & all research partners and individuals that have contributed to the GCS research Thanks

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