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Landscape restoration to support
Bornean orangutan rehabilitation
and reintroduction
J.L Sunderland-Groves, J. Sihite, A. ...
Orangutan Conservation Status on
Borneo
Changing landscapes have dramatically
impacted orangutan populations across the
is...
Orangutan Habitat Reduction
Orangutan Indonesia Conservation Strategies and Action Plan, the Ministry of Forestry, 2009
Habitat loss through
fire
Illegal and legal
logging and mining
Oil palm expansion
Hunting, killing &
the illegal pet trade...
Extirpation, displacement and trade in
orangutans
BOS Foundation
Established in 1991, and in response to the
significant number of orphaned or displaced
orangutans across B...
Over 24 years we have rescued and provided
sanctuary to over 2000 orangutans
We currently care for and provide rehabilitat...
A solution needs to be sought..
• Activities focus on:
– Rescue
– Rehabilitation
– Reintroduction
– Wild orangutan and hab...
Rehabilitation can take 7 years and is costly. But
without this program, there is no future for
displaced, captive orangut...
Primary Objective: Reintroduction
One of the most urgent aspects of our work is
successful orangutan reintroduction
Main c...
Finding a Release Site
Right kind of Forest
1. Stay Forested in the future
2. Large enough to support a viable
population
...
No Settlements
Natural boundaries
No wild orangutans
Supportive local communities
Finding a Release Site
In 2012 we re-
established our
reintroduction
program and
have since
released 167
orangutans to
natural habitat
Maximising Adaptation Success
Each of our
orangutans are
monitored
using radio
tracking devices
to assess their
health and...
Adapting to the Current Situation and
Success
Secured land through various avenues
1. Conservation Forest (Bukit Batikap) ...
Ecosystem Restoration Concession
(ERC)
• Only the second license given under this scheme
in Indonesia
• Functions the same...
Challenges
All of our release areas, regardless of status,
need careful management
– Harmonising the needs of local people...
Pro’s
Benefit’s of ERCs:
– We have management responsibility
– We can control access and activities
– Right to fully prote...
Con’s
Challenges to ERCs:
– We have management responsibility
– Expensive initial lease cost and ongoing
maintenance costs...
Summary
• Although we have tried a variety of methods to secure
land for long-term orangutan conservation, there are
multi...
Our work is made possible through support
from multiple donors including:
BOS Australia, Germany and Switzerland, DANIDA, ...
Thank you
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Landscape restoration to support Bornean orangutan rehabilitation and reintroduction

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A presentation by J Sunderland-Groves, J Sihite and A Priadjati at ATBC in July 2015.

Published in: Environment
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Landscape restoration to support Bornean orangutan rehabilitation and reintroduction

  1. 1. Landscape restoration to support Bornean orangutan rehabilitation and reintroduction J.L Sunderland-Groves, J. Sihite, A. Priadjati Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation PT. Restorasi Habitat Orangutan Indonesia
  2. 2. Orangutan Conservation Status on Borneo Changing landscapes have dramatically impacted orangutan populations across the island of Borneo Estimates suggest a reduction of 75% of the population between 1900 and 2004
  3. 3. Orangutan Habitat Reduction Orangutan Indonesia Conservation Strategies and Action Plan, the Ministry of Forestry, 2009
  4. 4. Habitat loss through fire Illegal and legal logging and mining Oil palm expansion Hunting, killing & the illegal pet trade Cause….
  5. 5. Extirpation, displacement and trade in orangutans
  6. 6. BOS Foundation Established in 1991, and in response to the significant number of orphaned or displaced orangutans across Borneo, the BOS Foundation established two main rescue and rehabilitation programs in East and Central Kalimantan
  7. 7. Over 24 years we have rescued and provided sanctuary to over 2000 orangutans We currently care for and provide rehabilitation to over 700 orangutans within our centres
  8. 8. A solution needs to be sought.. • Activities focus on: – Rescue – Rehabilitation – Reintroduction – Wild orangutan and habitat conservation – Community participation and development – Outreach education
  9. 9. Rehabilitation can take 7 years and is costly. But without this program, there is no future for displaced, captive orangutans
  10. 10. Primary Objective: Reintroduction One of the most urgent aspects of our work is successful orangutan reintroduction Main challenge: Available land which fulfills national and international (IUCN) criteria
  11. 11. Finding a Release Site Right kind of Forest 1. Stay Forested in the future 2. Large enough to support a viable population 3. Subspecies appropriate location
  12. 12. No Settlements Natural boundaries No wild orangutans Supportive local communities Finding a Release Site
  13. 13. In 2012 we re- established our reintroduction program and have since released 167 orangutans to natural habitat
  14. 14. Maximising Adaptation Success Each of our orangutans are monitored using radio tracking devices to assess their health and adaptation
  15. 15. Adapting to the Current Situation and Success Secured land through various avenues 1. Conservation Forest (Bukit Batikap) 35,000 ha managed by government 2. Purchased an Ecosystem Restoration Concession (ERC) 84,650 ha 3. Bought land directly from local people (Salat Island and the Rehabilitation Centres)
  16. 16. Ecosystem Restoration Concession (ERC) • Only the second license given under this scheme in Indonesia • Functions the same as a utilisation concession area in terms of reporting, management and fees/ tax and are often areas previously leased as logging concession areas • The sole purpose of our ERC is long-term conservation and specifically to support orangutan reintroduction • Cost $1.2 million (60 year lease)
  17. 17. Challenges All of our release areas, regardless of status, need careful management – Harmonising the needs of local people – Combat and manage encroachment – Competing with human development activities – Ensure connectivity where possible to adjacent orangutan populations etc.
  18. 18. Pro’s Benefit’s of ERCs: – We have management responsibility – We can control access and activities – Right to fully protect the area – Potential carbon opportunities for the future (long-term sustainable funding)
  19. 19. Con’s Challenges to ERCs: – We have management responsibility – Expensive initial lease cost and ongoing maintenance costs – Government requirements are in line with those developed for profit making organisations focused on logging or other human development activities rather than conservation – Poorly developed carbon market
  20. 20. Summary • Although we have tried a variety of methods to secure land for long-term orangutan conservation, there are multiple challenges • Finding suitable habitat is possible, but the cost of purchase can be high and funds are needed for the long-term (60+ years) • Overall we need to cooperate with all stakeholders; local communities, companies engaged in land conversion activities and the government of Indonesia if we are to successfully secure orangutan conservation
  21. 21. Our work is made possible through support from multiple donors including: BOS Australia, Germany and Switzerland, DANIDA, Margot Marsh Biodiversity Foundation, Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund, Save the Orangutan, The Orangutan Project, USFWS and USAID
  22. 22. Thank you

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