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‘Integrated Landscape Approaches’: A systematic map


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Presentation given by Terry Sunderland at the Global Landscapes Forum in 2014.

Published in: Environment
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‘Integrated Landscape Approaches’: A systematic map

  1. 1. Minding the research practitioner gap: The implementation of integrated landscape approaches Global Landscapes Forum, Lima Peru 7th December 2014 ‘Integrated Landscape Approaches’: A systematic map
  2. 2. • EcoAgriculture Partners identified 78 (!!) different terms all alluding to integrated landscape management • There remains no single agreed definition within the scientific community for a landscape approach • Perhaps because one size does not fit all! The terminology problem
  3. 3. Landscapes Multi-functional landscapes Integrated landscape management Climate smart agriculture Ecosystem Approach Community-Based Adaption Integrated landscape approaches Landscape-scale ecosystem-based adaptation Integrated natural resource management Conservation agriculture Green Growth Landscapes Approach Green Agricultural Economy Green Infrastructure Landscape Mosaics Sustainable Intensification (…just some of the) Current Terminology
  4. 4. Systematic Maps • Transparent, repeatable, pre-determined methodology to review a given research topic • Commonly used in medical research • Recently adopted by natural and social sciences (
  5. 5. Our (current) primary research questions: What is the landscape approach, and how has it evolved into current discourse and practice? How, and where, is it actually being implemented? Three key objectives:  Map the development of landscape approach theory  Review and synthesize current terminology  Review integrated landscape research by documenting current (and prior) examples of landscape-scale initiatives in the tropics Objectives of the systematic map
  6. 6. Methods Evolution of search terms and strategy:  Internal/external consultation  Two stakeholder workshops (Kenya and Australia)  Extensive scoping exercise using Web of Science  Development of inclusion/exclusion criteria for studies  Protocol published in peer-reviewed journal [in press] Specialist databases: • Scopus • CAB Direct • ISI Web of Knowledge • PubMed Internet searches: • Google Scholar Other: • Call for grey literature
  7. 7. Methods Specific criteria for case studies:  Clear and repeatable methodology  Evidence of integrating at least two land uses  Evidence of integrating at least two institutional/sectorial stakeholders  Outcomes measured accurately and reliably
  8. 8. Progress 271,974 Main terms expanded and trialed in WoK 13,290Publications captured with refined search terms 47 Final studies of relevance 382Relevant after abstract screening 1,171 Relevant studies after title screening 26,303 Initial scoping in WoK using main search terms Title screening Abstract screening Full text screening Study quality
  9. 9. Preliminary Findings No.ofpeer-reviewedarticles 13,290 1,171 382 47 48% 21% 9% 9% 9% 4%
  10. 10. Preliminary Findings • Majority of studies started with single objective focus • 83% of case studies reported positive outcomes • No cases (thus far) of long term monitoring and evaluation of landscape metrics • 37% of papers explicitly acknowledge the need for a landscape approach Main Project Focus 27% 27% 16% 13% 13% 4%
  11. 11. Preliminary Findings • Despite the wealth of information on landscape approaches, there are very few case study examples in the peer reviewed literature • This does not mean they are not out there: they are not being reported! • Will including the grey literature in our screening provide the bridge for this gap in our knowledge base?
  12. 12. Online Interactive Map
  13. 13. Special thanks: James Reed, Liz Deakin, Josh van Vianen