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Indonesia policy on peatland protection and management

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Presented by M.R. Karliansyah of the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry at the 3rd Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit, on 23–25 April 2018 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Indonesia policy on peatland protection and management

  1. 1. INDONESIA POLICY ON PEATLAND PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT M.R KARLIANSYAH DIRECTOR GENERAL FOR ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND DEGRADATION CONTROL MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY APRIL, 2018
  2. 2. • Indonesia has Peatlands 4th largest in the world after Canada, Rusia and the United States, • The largest tropical peatland in the world, • Indonesia storing carbon Peat reserves reach 46 gigatons, or about 8- 14% of the carbon contained in peat world.
  3. 3. • Forestry, • Flood control and water supply, • Fire risk control, • Eco-tourism, • The livelihoods of local communities (fisheries, agriculture, plantation), • Climate stability, • Biodiversity, • Education and research.
  4. 4. DRAINAGE (Poor Water Management) DRY PEAT LAND and FOREST FIRE GHG EMISSION SUBSIDENCE (Land and Water Table) LAND DEPRESSION FLOODS
  5. 5. 1992 P.17_2017 Change over P.12_2015 related Development of Industrial Plantation Forest P.16_2017 Technical Guidelines for Restoration of Peat Ecosystem Functions P.15_2017 Procedure of Water Table Measurement at Peat Ecosystems Compliance Point P.14_2017 Procedures for Inventory & Determination of Peat Ecosystem Functions PP No. 57 / 2016 Change over PP No. 71 / 2014 UU No. 24 / 1992 SPATIAL PLANNING Inpres No. 6 / 2013 Indicative Map for Delays on Granting New Permits (PIPIB) Keppres No. 32 / 1990 Management of Konservation Area Inpres No. 2 / 2007 Acceleration of Rehabilitation and Revitalization of Peatland Development Zone in Central Kalimantan PP No. 47 / 1997 National Spatial Planning (RTRWN) UU No. 26/2007 SPATIAL PLANNING PP No. 26/2008 National Spatial Planning (RTRWN) UU No. 32 / 2009 Environmental Protection and Management PP No. 71 Th. 2014 Protection and Management of Peat Ecosystems Inpres No. 10 / 2011 Indicative Map for Delays on Granting New Permits Inpres No. 8 / 2015 Indicative Map for Delays on Granting New Permits (PIPIB) 1990 1997 201620142011 201320092008 2015 National Strategy Peatlands Management SK.130_2017 Determination Function of Peat Ecosystem Map 2007 SK.129_2017 Determination of Peat Hydrological Unity Map 20062000 PP No. 150 / 2000 Control of Soil Degraded for Biomass Production MOA Regulation No. 14/2009 Guidelines for the Utilization of Peat Land for Oil Palm Cultivation SINCE 1990 ……………………………………………………………….…………………………. 2017 MOEF Regulation
  6. 6. GOVERNMENTREGULATIONNO.71/2014JUNCTO GOVERNMENTREGULATIONNO.57/2016 (PROTECTIONANDMANAGEMENTOFPEAT ECOSYSTEMS) 1. Scope : Planning, Utilization, Controlling, Maintenance, Supervision and Administrative Sanctions 2. Determination of Peat Ecosystem Function 3. Peat Ecosystem Protection and Management Plan 4. The Standard Criteria for Degraded Peat Ecosystems 5. Restrictions on the Utilization of Peat Ecosystems Community Land (No Permit) Concession Areas (Permit) INVENTORY [MOEF Regulation No. P.14/MENLHK/SETJEN/ KUM.1/2/2017] DETERMINATION of PHU and PEAT ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION (Conservation & Cultivation) WATER TABEL MEASUREMENT PEAT DEGRADATION RPPEG [MOEF Regulation No. P.15/MENLHK/SETJEN/ KUM.1/2/2017] Corporate/ Community Land RESTORATION [MOEF Regulation No. P.16/MENLHK/SETJEN/ KUM.1/2/2017] 1 2 3
  7. 7. PEAT HYDROLOGICAL UNITY AND PEAT ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION FOREST AREA NON FOREST AREA (OTHER USE) Non Concession/ Perijinan Concession/ Permit Area (IUPHHK-HTI) Concession/ Permit Area (HGU/Oil Palm Plantation) Non Konsesi/Perijinan Cross Province Boundary Cross Distric/City Boundary Distric/City Boundary Central Goverment (MOEF dan BRG) “Sharing Roles” Provincial Goverment Distric/City Goverment Central Goverment (MOEF) Concession Holder (IUPHHK-HTI) Concession Holder (HGU/Oil Palm Plantation) Liability Companies: 1. Conduct an inventory and mapping of Peat Ecosystem Characteristics (13 Parameters) at the concession areas (scale 1: 50,000), in accordance with P.14/2017; 2. Measuring water table at compliance points on peatland, and water table on canals; 3. Apply for Water Table at Compliance Point on peatland, in accordance with P.15/2017; 4. Report regularly of Water Table at Compliance Point monitoring results (every 2 weeks); 5. Revise the Business Work Plan (RKU) and set up the Document of Peat Ecosystem Restoration Plan, in accordance with P.16/2017; 6. Apply for environmental permit changes and comply with all applicable laws and regulations. Liability Provincial and Distric/City Goverment: 1. Conduct an inventory and mapping of Peat Ecosystem Characteristics (13 Parameters) in the region, in accordance with P.14/2017; 2. Set up a map of Peat Ecosystem function at Provincial and District/City level; 3. Set up the Document of Peat Ecosystem Protection and Management Plan (RPPEG) at Provincial and District/City level. Duty: 1. Conduct an inventory and mapping of Peat Ecosystem Characteristics (13 Parameters) in the priority of PHU, in accordance with P.14/2017; 2. Set up and declaired of Peat ecosystem function (scale 1: 50,000); 3. Set up the Document of Peat Ecosystem Protection and Management Plan (RPPEG) at Nasional level. Duty: 1. Conduct an inventory and mapping of Peat Ecosystem Characteristics (13 Parameters) in the priority of PHU, in accordance with P.14/2017; 2. Set up and declaired of Peat ecosystem function (scale 1: 50,000); 3. Set up the Document of Peat Ecosystem Protection and Management Plan (RPPEG) at Nasional level.
  8. 8. Content of Rehabilitation of Peat Ecosystem Documents: 1. Determination of Water Table Compliance Point (Manual and Automatic/Data Logger), 2. Determination of Rainfall Monitoring Station, 3. Construction of Canal Blocking (with or without spillway), 4. Construction of Water Gate and Reservoir, 5. Rehabilitation through replanting with endemic plant species (indigenous species), 6. Natural succession. Industrial Forest Plantation Oil Palm Plantation Total  company 45 80 125 Area of peatland recovery 1.785.087 ha (in 115 PHU) 652.295,27 ha (in 74 PHU) 2.437.382 ha Water Table Compliance Point (WTCP) 3.943 units 3.115 units 7.058 units Data logger 397 units 279 units 676 units Rainfall station 169 units 244 units Canal blocking 3.943 units (2017-2026) 1.037 units (2017-2026) 4.980 units Rehabilitation of vegetation 21.286 ha - 21.286 ha Natural succession 518.418 ha - 518.418 ha
  9. 9. OUTPUT 2015 2016 2017 TOTAL ∑ TOTAL FACILITATORS 68 PERSON SPREADING IN 6 PROVINCE, 19 DISTRIC, 29 VILLAGE, AND 18 CO-PARTNERS FROM 6 UNIVERSITIES Problem Identification Documents (IMAS) - 12 12 24 SK Team Works of Peat Ecosystem Protection and Management (TK-PPEG) – SK by Head of Village - 12 12 24 Community Work Plan Documents (RKM) - 12 12 24 Canal Blocking (created by MOEF with APBN) 5 models (Riau, Kalbar, Kalteng) 76 (Aceh, Riau, Jambi, Kalbar, Kaltim) 94 (Aceh, Sumut, Kaltim) 175 (2.450 Ha) Peat Ecosystem Restoration involves: 1. Universities; 2. Facilitators; dan 3. Society  MOEF appointed The University,  Recruitment of Facilitators by University,  Training of Trainer (TOT) for Facilitators and University by MOEF,  Facilitator facilitates the preparation of IMAS, SK-TKPPEG, RKM Documents,  Communities are involved in the construction of canal blocking,  MOEF performs hand-over of canal blocking to Local Government.
  10. 10. LETS WORK TOGETHER FOR MAKING A BETTER AND FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT IN THE WORLD

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