Tema
Governance
(CIFOR)
Asumsi
Tema
GovernanceOverall
landscape
sustainability
is
enhanced
if
public     policies
are
informed
by,
allow
and
suppo...
Observasi
Umum
–
Governance
(1/5) That
effective
enforcement
requires
general
acceptance
in  a
community;
the
more
genera...
Observasi
Umum
–
Governance
(2/5) That
governments
typically
do
not
have
the
personnel
to  enforce
externally
developed
r...
Observasi
Umum
–
Governance
(3/5) That
ignorance
of
regulations
may
be
a
factor
in  noncompliance Ada
kemungkinan
tindak...
Observasi
Umum
–
Governance
(4/5) That
regulations
can
be
developed
to
maximize
win‐win  solutions,
acceptable
to
communi...
Observasi
Umum
–
Governance
(5/5) That
one
constraint
to
effective
collaboration
between  local
groups
and
governments
is...
Jadi
Dengan
Keadaan

(Kendala
dan
Kesempatan)                  Begini


MetodePenelitian
Aksi
Partisipatif,
termasuk     Appreciative
Inquiry     ‘cacing’
PAR     Skenario
masa
depan/Future
s...
Metoda
tambahan
(contoh)  

PRA
–
sudah
banyak
tahu…    

Diskusi
Focus
group
‐
sudah
banyak
tahu    

Gunakan
diagram
...
Indikator
yang
SMART Specific
–
Spesifik Measureable
–
Bisa
diukur Achievable
–
Bisa
dicapai Realistic
–
Realistis Ti...
Indikator
–
3
jenis:

Type
1Tipe
1:

Paling
lokal Local
indicators
that
help
communities
and
district
partners
monitor
th...
Indikator
–
3
jenis:

Tipe
2Tipe
2:

Memonitor
sambil
kita
bekerja Indicators
we
develop
to
monitor
our
own
progress Ind...
Indikator
–
3
jenis:

Tipe
3Type
3:

Indikator
untuk
evaluasi/dampak These
are
useful
for
showing
impact
to
others Bisa
...
General
Observations
‐
Livelihoods Lack
of
knowledge
of
consequences
of
development
contributes
to    uninformed
decision...
Isu
Isu
Governance
yg
di
Monitor
(1/3)1.   Greater
self‐confidence
among
women
and
other
marginalized     groupsLebih
ting...
Isu
Isu
Governance
yg
di
Monitor
(2/3)3.
Involvement
in
enforcing
sanctions,
by
a
broader
spectrum
of     stakeholderskeik...
Isu
Isu
Governance
yg
di
Monitor
(3/3)5.
Development
of
local
capabilities
at
both
community
and
district
levelsPeningkata...
Additional
Livelihoods
Issues
to
Monitor8.   Improvements
in
livelihoods
(marketing,
use     and
management)9.   Improveme...
Hasil
(Outcome)
TergantungKelompok
Stakeholder
(1/2) Villagers
act
collectively
to
protect
their
environment
(or
parts
of...
Hasil
(Outcome)
TergantungKelompok
Stakeholder
(2/2) Industry
seeks
input
from
local
people
affected
by
their
proposed
ne...
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Ide Ide Tentang Metoda dan Indikator Jender dan Governance

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This presentation (chiefly in Bahasa Indonesia) provides an introduction to gender aspects of governance; it briefly discusses the range of methods most likely to be appropriate for the Sustainable Sulawesi project in their attempts to integrate gender effectively; and it provides some guidelines about good indicators, with some examples of issues likely to be addressed in project evaluation, of three types (very local participatory action research monitoring, overall project monitoring and summative evaluation of the project). The presentation was used in a 3-day workshop (9, 12 and 13 November 2012) for Sustainable Sulawesi personnel in Bogor, Indonesia.

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Ide Ide Tentang Metoda dan Indikator Jender dan Governance

  1. 1. Tema
Governance
(CIFOR)
  2. 2. Asumsi
Tema
GovernanceOverall
landscape
sustainability
is
enhanced
if
public policies
are
informed
by,
allow
and
support customary
or
local
rules
and
practicesPelestarian
bentang
alam
yang
menyeluruh
meningkat, kalau
kebijakan
dibuat
berdasarkan
informasi
yang memadai,
serta
memperbolehkan,
dan
mendukung peraturan
dan
praktek
adat
setempat
  3. 3. Observasi
Umum
–
Governance
(1/5) That
effective
enforcement
requires
general
acceptance
in a
community;
the
more
general
the
agreement,
the
more effective
the
regulations
and
sanctions Penyelenggaran
yang
efektif
perlu persetujuan
umum
di
dalam masyarakat
setempat
(laki
laki
dan perempuan);
semakin
umum persetujuan
itu,
semakin
efektif peraturan
dan
sanksi.
  4. 4. Observasi
Umum
–
Governance
(2/5) That
governments
typically
do
not
have
the
personnel
to enforce
externally
developed
regulations,
and
need
the help
of
local
people Pemerintah2
biasanya
tidak
punya cukup
personil
untuk
menjalankan peraturan
yg
dibangun
dari
luar; mereka
perlu
bantuan
dari
orang
lokal (termasuk
perempuan)
  5. 5. Observasi
Umum
–
Governance
(3/5) That
ignorance
of
regulations
may
be
a
factor
in noncompliance Ada
kemungkinan
tindakan
ilegal dilakukan
(laki
laki
dan perempuan)karena
tidak
tahu
ada peraturan
yang
melarang
  6. 6. Observasi
Umum
–
Governance
(4/5) That
regulations
can
be
developed
to
maximize
win‐win solutions,
acceptable
to
communities
and
gov’ts Peraturan
bisa
diciptakan
untuk mendorong
solusi
‘win‐win’,
yang
bisa diterima
oleh
masyarakat
laki
laki
dan perempuan
dan
oleh
pemerintahan
  7. 7. Observasi
Umum
–
Governance
(5/5) That
one
constraint
to
effective
collaboration
between local
groups
and
governments
is
paternalistic
and dismissive
governmental
attitudes
toward
the
capabilities of
local
communities. Satu
kendala
untuk
kerjasama
yg efektif
antara
kelompok2
setempat
dan pemerintah
adalah
sikap
paternalistik dan
[dismissive]
pada
masyarakat
(apa lagi
perempuan)
  8. 8. Jadi
Dengan
Keadaan

(Kendala
dan
Kesempatan) Begini


  9. 9. MetodePenelitian
Aksi
Partisipatif,
termasuk  Appreciative
Inquiry  ‘cacing’
PAR  Skenario
masa
depan/Future
scenarios/visioning (bayangan
masa
depan)  Bermacam
macam
metode
tambahan,
seperti…..
  10. 10. Metoda
tambahan
(contoh)  

PRA
–
sudah
banyak
tahu…  

Diskusi
Focus
group
‐
sudah
banyak
tahu  

Gunakan
diagram
laba‐laba
atau
bulan
(baru, purnama)
untuk
memonitor
hasil
(outcome)  

Wawancara,
kuesioner,
survei  
Grafik
bermacam2
(sebelum
&
sesudah)
–
seperti
Linda mengusulkan
kemarin
dulu
  11. 11. Indikator
yang
SMART Specific
–
Spesifik Measureable
–
Bisa
diukur Achievable
–
Bisa
dicapai Realistic
–
Realistis Time‐bound
–
Waktu
tertentu [
SMART

SBBRW]
  12. 12. Indikator
–
3
jenis:

Type
1Tipe
1:

Paling
lokal Local
indicators
that
help
communities
and
district
partners
monitor
their progress
toward
their
shared
goals Indikator

yang
bantu
masyarakat
dan
mitra
dari
luar memonitor
kemajuan
kepada
tujuan
yang
mereka
sendiri setujui
dan
ingin
lanjutkan Some
local
indicators
may
be
helpful
for
our
other
project
needs,
but developed
in
cooperation
with
partners Sebagian
indikator
setempat
bisa
menarik
bagi
mitra (Balang,
LEPMIL,
ICRAF,
Dinas
Kehutanan,
UnHas)
untuk keperluan
proyek
yang
lain,
kalau
dibangun
bersama pihak
lokal
(termasuk
perempuan
desa,
pegawai perempuan,
dll)
  13. 13. Indikator
–
3
jenis:

Tipe
2Tipe
2:

Memonitor
sambil
kita
bekerja Indicators
we
develop
to
monitor
our
own
progress Indikator
yang
kita
buat/pilih
untuk
memonitor
kerja
kita sendiri
(CIFOR
&
LSM) These
help
us
make
sure
we’re
accomplishing
our
own
goals Ini
membantu
kita
mencapai
tujuan
kita These
may
be
useful
later
for
others
who
want
to
monitor
landscape management Ini
juga
bisa
membantu
orang
lain
yang
ingin
memonitor pembangunan
dan
keadaan
manusia
atau
bentang
alam (landscape)
  14. 14. Indikator
–
3
jenis:

Tipe
3Type
3:

Indikator
untuk
evaluasi/dampak These
are
useful
for
showing
impact
to
others Bisa
digunakan
untuk
memperlihatkan
dampak
pada pihak
yang
lain
(donor,
program,
administrasi,
dll) Probably
can
have
significant
overlap
between
Types
2
and
3
(and
in
some cases,
1) Bisa
ada
kesamaan
antara
Tipe
2
dan
3
(dan
kadang2,
1)
  15. 15. General
Observations
‐
Livelihoods Lack
of
knowledge
of
consequences
of
development
contributes
to uninformed
decision
making
by
governments,
industry
and
local stakeholders. The
opportunity
for
improving
livelihoods
is
enhanced
when
local people
are
cognizant
of
and
share
a
working
understanding
of
outside value
systems
and
when
external
agents
are
cognizant
and
understand LEK. Win‐win
solutions
acceptable
to
both
communities
and
governments may
be
enhanced
through
governmental
and
community
initiation
of multi‐stakeholder
processes. Constraints
to
effective
collaboration,
such
as
discriminatory
attitudes on
the
part
of
governments
and
industry,
can
be
mitigated
when
local communities
document
and
value
their
local
knowledge
systems. Acknowledgement
of
major
gaps
in
scientific
knowledge
and
the significant
but
often
undocumented
dimensions
of
local
knowledge systems,
can
promote
improved
cognizance
of,
and
greater
respect
for, local
knowledge
systems.
  16. 16. Isu
Isu
Governance
yg
di
Monitor
(1/3)1. Greater
self‐confidence
among
women
and
other
marginalized groupsLebih
tinggi
tingkat
kepercayaan
diri
antara perempuan
(dan
kelompok
lain
yg dimarjinalisasikan)2.
Improved
knowledge
of
regulations
among
groups
previously uninvolvedPengertian
peraturan
antara
kelompok
(termasuk perempuan)
yang
sebelumnya
tidak diikutsertakan
  17. 17. Isu
Isu
Governance
yg
di
Monitor
(2/3)3.
Involvement
in
enforcing
sanctions,
by
a
broader
spectrum
of stakeholderskeikutsertan
menerapkan
sanksi
[yang
sudah
disetujui],
oleh kelompok
stakeholder
lebih
luas
(termasuk perempuan
atau
khususnya
mereka)4.
Closer
links
between
communities
and
outsiders
(government
officials, industry,
projects,
academics)Hubungan
lebih
erat
antara
masyarakat
(khususnya perempuan)
dan
pihak
luar
(pegawai
pemerintah, industry,
proyek,
akademis
  18. 18. Isu
Isu
Governance
yg
di
Monitor
(3/3)5.
Development
of
local
capabilities
at
both
community
and
district
levelsPeningkatan
kemampuan
setempat
(termasuk
sikap
dan keadilan
jender),
di
beberapa
tingkat
(masyarakat, kec.,
kab.,
prop.,
nasional)6.
Changes
in
attitudes
of
non‐village
stakeholders
toward
abilities
of
villagersPerubahan
sikap
stakeholder
luar
pada
kemampuan
orang desa/perempuan7.
Improvements
in
landscapePeningkatan
keadaan
bentang
alam
dan
manusia
(laki
laki dan
perempuan)
  19. 19. Additional
Livelihoods
Issues
to
Monitor8. Improvements
in
livelihoods
(marketing,
use and
management)9. Improvement
of
Land
Tenure
and
Resource Access
  20. 20. Hasil
(Outcome)
TergantungKelompok
Stakeholder
(1/2) Villagers
act
collectively
to
protect
their
environment
(or
parts
of
it) Laki
laki
dan
perempuan
bergerak
bersama
untuk memelihara
lingkungan,
kesehatan,
kualitas
kehidupan (dan
tingkatkan
suara
mereka
masing‐masing,
termasuk perempuan) District
officials
communicate
routinely
with
community
people
(including women
and
marginalized
groups)
in
their
decisionmaking
processes Pegawai
Kec./Kab.
berkomunikasi
dgn
cara
rutin
dengan orang
desa
(termasuk
perempuan/kelompok
lain
yg dimarjinalkan)
dalam
pengambilan
keputusan
  21. 21. Hasil
(Outcome)
TergantungKelompok
Stakeholder
(2/2) Industry
seeks
input
from
local
people
affected
by
their
proposed
new developments
and
responds
with
appropriate
actions Kalangan
industri
dgn
cara
rutin
mencari
masukan
dari masyarakat
(termasuk
perempuan…dll)
yg
akan dipengaruhi
oleh
pembangunan
baru
yg
diusulkan,
dan menjawab
(respond)
dgn
perilaku
yg
cocok/sesuai Projects
and
NGOs
work
with
local
communities
and
district
government
to facilitate
harmonization
of
views,
development
and
conservation
efforts Projek2
&
LSM
bekerja
sama
dengan
masyarakat
dan pemerintahan
setempat
untuk
memfasilitasi
penyelarasan persepsi,
pembangunan,
dan
usaha
konservasi

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