Holistic Way Forward on
Agriculture:
Supporting Animal Welfare,
Livelihoods, and Food Security
Geoff Orme-Evans
Humane Soc...
About Humane Society
International
HSI, together with its partner
organizations, constitutes one of the
largest animal pro...
HSI-Farm Animals

Cary Smith/The HSUS

Guilherme Carvalho/HSI

Michelle Riley/The HSUS
Reto Stöckli/NASA
Big Picture Challenges
• Produce 70% more to feed 9 billion by 2050
• Needed Investments—developing country $83
bn/yr
• Cl...
Animal Agriculture
• Now:
– Over 70 billion land animals raised per year
– Industrial systems:
• 2/3 eggs and poultry
• >5...
Global Land Animal Production
80

70

60

Number of Animals
(billions)

50

40

30

20

10

0
1950

*Source: FAOSTAT (2013...
Animal Agriculture’s Environmental
Impacts
• Land
– Uses 30% earth’s land
– Animal feed uses >60% corn and barley; >97%
so...
Animal
agriculture alone
projected to emit
>70% of
sustainable level
of global GHG
emissions in 2050.

Proposed GHG sustai...
Impacts on Animal Agriculture
• Rangeland drought
• Pastoralists
• Animal deaths
Cary Smith/The HSUS

The HSUS
Erin Van Voorhies

The HSUS
The HSUS
HSI

The HSUS
Solutions?
• Supply vs. Demand
• Sustainable Consumption
– Less animal products = environment and climate
benefits
– Publi...
Compassionate Eating


The Three Rs






Refine production methods.
Reduce consumption of animal products.
Replace a...
Supply-Side Solutions
• Mitigation Concerns:
– Feed changes and efficiency
– Biogas subsidies
– Shift to monogastrics

• A...
Key Principles for Holistic Approach
• Including and supporting all stakeholders
• Ensuring multiple social and environmen...
Humane and Holistic Solutions
• Provide support to fill research and knowledge gaps
• Provide finance for sustainable, ani...
Humane and Holistic Solutions
• Evaluate, Enhance, and Safeguard Animal
Welfare
– Support for extensive pasture-based and ...
Cary Smith/The HSUS

Thank you.

Thank you!
Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: 
Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security
Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: 
Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security
Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: 
Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security
Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: 
Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security
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Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: 
Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security

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This presentation by Geoff Orme-Evans from Humane Society International shows how animal agriculture will increase in its importance and therefore needs new solutions.

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Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: 
Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security

  1. 1. Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security Geoff Orme-Evans Humane Society International 16 November 2013
  2. 2. About Humane Society International HSI, together with its partner organizations, constitutes one of the largest animal protection organizations in the world. Lab animals, wildlife, companion animals, and farm animals. Science-based organizations..
  3. 3. HSI-Farm Animals Cary Smith/The HSUS Guilherme Carvalho/HSI Michelle Riley/The HSUS
  4. 4. Reto Stöckli/NASA
  5. 5. Big Picture Challenges • Produce 70% more to feed 9 billion by 2050 • Needed Investments—developing country $83 bn/yr • Climate change – Contributions: IAASTD 30% – Impacts: water, temperature, production
  6. 6. Animal Agriculture • Now: – Over 70 billion land animals raised per year – Industrial systems: • 2/3 eggs and poultry • >50% of pork • Future: – Demand growth 2010-2050 • Meat 73% • Milk 58%
  7. 7. Global Land Animal Production 80 70 60 Number of Animals (billions) 50 40 30 20 10 0 1950 *Source: FAOSTAT (2013). 1960 1970 1980 1990 Year 2000 2010 2020
  8. 8. Animal Agriculture’s Environmental Impacts • Land – Uses 30% earth’s land – Animal feed uses >60% corn and barley; >97% soymeal – 70% deforested Amazon = grazing pastures • Water use and pollution – 6000 liters of water to produce 1 kg of chicken vs. less than half that for 1 kg of cereals • Air – 14.5% global, human-induced GHGs
  9. 9. Animal agriculture alone projected to emit >70% of sustainable level of global GHG emissions in 2050. Proposed GHG sustainability boundary. Not cool. *From Pelletier N and Tyedmers P. 2010. Forecasting potential global environmental costs of livestock production 2000-2050. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the US 107(43):18371-18374.
  10. 10. Impacts on Animal Agriculture • Rangeland drought • Pastoralists • Animal deaths
  11. 11. Cary Smith/The HSUS The HSUS
  12. 12. Erin Van Voorhies The HSUS
  13. 13. The HSUS
  14. 14. HSI The HSUS
  15. 15. Solutions? • Supply vs. Demand • Sustainable Consumption – Less animal products = environment and climate benefits – Public education
  16. 16. Compassionate Eating  The Three Rs     Refine production methods. Reduce consumption of animal products. Replace animal products with non-animal alternatives. Meatless Mondays
  17. 17. Supply-Side Solutions • Mitigation Concerns: – Feed changes and efficiency – Biogas subsidies – Shift to monogastrics • Adaptation: – Animal welfare can support, but more research is needed
  18. 18. Key Principles for Holistic Approach • Including and supporting all stakeholders • Ensuring multiple social and environmental outcomes • Ensuring consistency
  19. 19. Humane and Holistic Solutions • Provide support to fill research and knowledge gaps • Provide finance for sustainable, animal-welfarefriendly agriculture adaption—capacity building, research and extension, knowledge and tech transfer. • Work towards national, regional and local strategies for climate change adaptation and mitigation that ensure equitable, animal-welfare-friendly solutions for farm animal production. • Ensure that national, regional and local policies manage unsustainable demand for animal products.
  20. 20. Humane and Holistic Solutions • Evaluate, Enhance, and Safeguard Animal Welfare – Support for extensive pasture-based and mixed farming animal agriculture systems led by small farmers, particularly women – Further support for welfare improvements in industrial animal production systems
  21. 21. Cary Smith/The HSUS Thank you. Thank you!

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