Growing forest partnerships and the investing in locally controlled initiative


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Chris Buss

Estebancio Castro Diaz
International Alliance of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples of Tropical Forests

Presentation for the conference on
Taking stock of smallholders and community forestry
Montpellier France
March 24-26, 2010

Published in: Education
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Growing forest partnerships and the investing in locally controlled initiative

  1. 1. <ul><li>GROWING FOREST PARTNERSHIPS </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>THE INVESTING IN LOCALLY CONTROLLED INITIATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>Chris Buss </li></ul><ul><li>IUCN </li></ul><ul><li>Estebancio Castro Diaz </li></ul><ul><li>International Alliance of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples of Tropical Forests </li></ul>
  2. 2. Growing Forest Partnerships <ul><li>A World Bank funded initiative </li></ul><ul><li>After a review of the Global Forest Alliance focus changed to drive more stakeholder participation in policy and decision making processes </li></ul><ul><li>Catalytic Group of WB, FAO & IUCN supported by IIED </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic focus set by multi stakeholder Reference Group </li></ul>
  3. 3. Areas of work - Local <ul><li>Multi-stakeholder diagnostics process to identify gaps and priorities for improved investment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building on existing processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ghana focusing on analytical work to feed into local and national policy discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mozambique implementing project activities to test and feed learnings into policy implementation dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guatemala established IP & CF stakeholder group to link to ensure representation in national level decision making processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New countries – opportunities being explored </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Global Level <ul><li>Identified need to explore the opportunities and constraints of investing in locally controlled forestry </li></ul><ul><li>Process facilitated by The Forests Dialogue with field dialogues in Panama, Nepal & Macedonia </li></ul><ul><li>Bringing together of the Forest Rights Holders </li></ul><ul><li>Further dialogue in 2010 with investors and field dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate learnings between in-country process to global level dialogue </li></ul>
  5. 5. Forest Rights Holders Alliances <ul><li>GACF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Global Alliance of Community Forestry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IAITPTF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The International Alliance of Indigenous and Tribal People of the Tropical Forest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IFFA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The International Family Forestry Alliance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Group to promote locally controlled forestry for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Forest Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved livelihoods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect for forest and land rights </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Locally Controlled Forestry Facts <ul><li>One billion people </li></ul><ul><li>One quarter of the world’s forests </li></ul><ul><li>$75 - $100 billion/year in goods and services </li></ul><ul><li>Broad range of economic, environmental, social, cultural and spiritual benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple use, including climate change mitigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A key part of climate change solution, sequestration, storing and substituting </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Local – control - forestry <ul><li>Local means near and in the forest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where you can “hear and see” what goes on in the forest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local as different from “central and regional” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Control” means </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights and responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenure and sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local political control is good for the people and good for the forest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Forestry is more than timber production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many uses and services that are interlinked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forestry is business for local people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considerate use of forest resources is protecting bio diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The definition of forestry must be based on the needs of local people </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Commonalities and differences <ul><li>Shared vision, values, objectives and concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active collaboration - mutual support – common messages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint wish to develop locally controlled forestry and promote sustainable forest management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support the organisation of rights holders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Respect differences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In starting points and backgrounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being part of different major groups </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. LCF Main Message <ul><li>Locally controlled forestry means the local right for forest owner families and communities to make decisions on commercial forest management and land use, with secure tenure rights, freedom of association and access to markets and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>leads to responsible, long term sustainable forest management, improved livelihood, bio diversity, multiple forest products and services, local enterprises and benefits to society. </li></ul><ul><li>requires respect for communities, families and peoples and their customary use and traditional and local knowledge. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Alliance Mission: local and global <ul><li>The Group’s mission is at a global level, and to have the contacts with the local level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work globally on international policy issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on exchange of experience and ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate and give input to others’ local programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inform the local level from a global position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate local examples and experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Start with establishing group’s framework and capacity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision of engaging in ground work as second step </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Member organisations of the Alliances are already acting at local level </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Special areas of collaboration <ul><li>Locally controlled forest at the global level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenure issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to financing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity building – experience ,technology and knowledge transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate what locally controlled forestry means – and its broad benefits to the larger society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REDD / UN REDD – secure the interest of all rights holders – participation and benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation and mitigation – share experience – effective support programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change policies – our messages present at COPs and other important meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CBD and bio diversity issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress the Peoples’ part of biodiversity – the rights holders perception of bio diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate local competence connected to important areas – biodiversity / climate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be visible at UNFF and FAO local meetings – formal collaboration with FAO on the policy level and poverty alleviation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Common messages <ul><li>Working together – promoting locally controlled forestry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and sustainable forest management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bottom up approach – democratic foundation – representing people </li></ul><ul><li>Global discussion and decision making must include the participation of indigenous and tribal people, communities and family forest owners </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability and livelihood through local controlled forestry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With market access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consider forest as whole – multiple benefits – more than trees – integrated system of trees, animals, products and services, economic viability, cultural values and people </li></ul><ul><li>Forest diversity is positive, not a problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>policy must be adapted to local situation and local people’s needs </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Possible “Fracture lines” <ul><li>Conflict between communities’ and indigenous people’ land and usage rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different legal status in international agreements and conventions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conflict over land use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nomadic people - herding and grazing – forest growing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Differences between collective people (land) and individual rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communities are thinking more collectively regarding forest and all other resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Difference between rights to land – and rights “only” to forest? </li></ul><ul><li>Plantations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of diversity and traditional knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different organisations and voices </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and financial issues </li></ul><ul><li>Need flexibility – in political , economic and practical issues </li></ul>
  14. 14. Next steps <ul><li>Getting a strategic overview </li></ul><ul><li>Put together the overall priorities and program </li></ul><ul><li>Communication strategy and plan </li></ul><ul><li>Get resources to plan the execution phase (after 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>Build constituent base to improve local to global linkages </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>