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Forestry for sustainable future: The role of integrated landscape approaches

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Operationalising the landscape approach: Josh van Vianen, James Reed, Jos Barlow, Terry Sunderland

Journalists workshop 15-18th November 2016, Bali

Published in: Science
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Forestry for sustainable future: The role of integrated landscape approaches

  1. 1. Operationalising the landscape approach: Josh van Vianen, James Reed, Jos Barlow, Terry Sunderland Forestry for sustainable future: The role of integrated landscape approaches Journalists workshop 15-18th November 2016, Bali
  2. 2. What are landscape approaches and how effectively have they been implemented in the tropics?
  3. 3. Global issues felt at all scales • Poverty: 900 million people surviving on less than $1.90 per day • Food insecurity: 795 million people remain undernourished globally • Biodiversity loss: Multiple drivers of ongoing biodiversity loss • Climate change: pervasive overarching issue • Continued rise in CO2 emissions and increasing frequency of extreme events
  4. 4. (Integrated) Landscape Approach frameworks Landscape approaches are the latest in an evolution of integrated attempts to reconcile C&D. 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010 - present 1980s: Integrated Rural Development 1998: Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM) 1985 onwards: Integrated Conservation & Development projects (ICDPs) Contributing Sciences: Ecosystem Management Landscape Ecology Island biogeography Conservation rooted frameworks e.g. “Ecosystem Approach” 1992: “Landscape Approach” first documented (Barrett 1992)
  5. 5. Landscape approaches: integrated solutions at landscape scales • Is a Framework to integrate policy and practice for competing land uses through adaptive and integrated management systems • Aims to address global challenges of Poverty, food insecurity, climate change and biodiversity loss • Addresses inter-connected social, environmental, economic and political challenges • Uses participatory, inclusive negotiation and planning to minimize trade-offs and maximize synergies See: Reed et al. 2016 - Integrated landscape approaches to managing social and environmental issues in the tropics: learning from the past to guide the future
  6. 6. Where are landscape approaches being implemented? 1 (5 countries represented) 2 (1) 3 (2) 4 (1)
  7. 7. Unpublished
  8. 8. Theory: what we found Broad agreement • Evaluating progress within a landscape is fundamental to determining where gains or losses are being made • Governance structures that are hybrid, multi-level and cross- sectoral are best suited to these frameworks • One size doesn’t fit all and we must acknowledge the need for contextualisation • Inclusive, participatory stakeholder negotiation can help align local socio-cultural and global environmental concerns • Acknowledgement of dynamic processes and perverse outcomes See: Reed et al. 2016 - Integrated landscape approaches to managing social and environmental issues in the tropics: learning from the past to guide the future
  9. 9. Factors influencing “success”
  10. 10. Why aren’t there more landscape approaches being implemented in practice? Barriers to implementation: • Ongoing development of theory may be stimulating time lags • The proliferation of terms associated with landscape approaches may be impeding policy and practice progress • Operating silos persist at all levels and scales • Engaging multiple stakeholders is sometimes just seen as a box-ticking exercise to satisfy project requirements • Monitoring remains the least well developed area of landscape approach application
  11. 11. Conclusions The theory of landscape approaches is well developed Lack of implementation on the ground Landscape approaches need to be processes not projects Now is the time to put theory into practice and test how these frameworks will work going forward
  12. 12. Thanks for listening! For further information: Josh van Vianen: j.vanvianen@cgiar.org Terry Sunderland: t.sunderland@cgiar.org

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