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Peatlands: Fires and restoration

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By Dr Herry Purnomo, Scientist, Smallholder and Community Forestry at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).

Presented at the panel discussion organized by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) for the Jakarta Foreign Correspondents Club (JFCC) in Jakarta, Indonesia, on May 19, 2017.
#peatlandsmatter

Published in: Environment
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Peatlands: Fires and restoration

  1. 1. HERRY PURNOMO JFCC, 18 May 2017 FIRES AND RESTORATION
  2. 2. LANDSCAPE TRANSFORMATION Fires
  3. 3. FOREST, LAND AND PLANTATION FIRES
  4. 4. FIRE VICTIMS IN 2015 • Smoke haze • Emitted 1.2 billion ton CO2 equivalent • Dead19 orang; premature death 100,300 people • Acute respiration infection: 450 thousand people • Exposed to fires >43 million people Dari berbagai sumber
  5. 5. COSTS AND BENEFITS OF 2015 FIRES
  6. 6. FIRES AND ECONOMIC LOST Bappenas, 2016
  7. 7. FIRE ACTORS Bappenas, 2016
  8. 8. UNDERLYING CAUSES Bappenas, 2016
  9. 9. THINKING beyond the canopy Who gets what? Village head & officers $88 (13%) Land claimant $29 (4%) Group members, tree cutting $77(12%) Group members, slashing $96 (14%) Marketing team $38 (6%) Total Benefit Slash & cut $665/ha The group organizer $338 (51%) Fire is an economic activity Illegal land market
  10. 10. THINKING beyond the canopy Fire provides benefits to some people Village head & officers $88 (10%) Land claimant, $38 (4%) Group members, tree cutting $77 (9%) Group members, slashing $96 (11%) Marketing team, $54 (6%) Total Benefit $856/ha The group organizer $486 (57%) Farmer group member, burning $15 (2%) Farmer group member, cheap/free land $2 (0.2%)
  11. 11. Local elites/cukong who organize farmers are the most influential actors in land transaction. PATRONAGE NETWORK – ILLEGAL INSTITUTION
  12. 12. THINKING beyond the canopy 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Fire spots District election National election HOTSPOTS AND DISTRICT ELECTIONS
  13. 13. TIME SERIES PROJECTION 2016-2020 BASED ON 2001- 2015’S DATA 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 40,000 Jumlahtitikapipertahun Tahun Titik api Ramalan titik api
  14. 14. INTERVENTIONS OF BRG’S RESTORATION AND MOEF’S FIRE-PRONE VILLAGES Bappenas, 2016
  15. 15. PROJECTED IMPACTS (REDUCING FIRES 49,35% FROM BAU) Bappenas, 2016
  16. 16. LEGAL DRAFTING AT SUB-NATIONAL LEVELS
  17. 17. • Fight ‘illegal institution’ • Win the politics – Local and national level • Influence mid-size investors and banks • Incentivize non-fire agriculture for small-scale and sustainable value chains  Reforming land use policies and spatial planning.  Engaging banks and financial institutions to curb inappropriate investments  Peat collaborative water management – upstream and downstream KEY MESSAGES
  18. 18. Prof Dr Herry Purnomo • Scientist, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) • Professor, Bogor Agricultural university • Email: h.purnomo@cgiar.org • Skype: herry.purnomo77 • Cell: 62-811-9500641

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