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FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
ForCES – Forest Certification for
Ecosystem Services
A groundbreak...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Forest Stewardship Council
•  Global, independent, non-governmenta...
•  Setting standards for
responsible forest
management and valuing
ecosystem services
•  An accreditation/certification
sy...
0
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
25,000
30,000
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Worldwide 27,543 Chain o...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Because the (hidden)
socio-economic value
of services exceeds
that...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Values per hectare and year
estimated for various tropical forests...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Ecosystem Services Certification provides business
value for ‘Paym...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Principles & Criteria, Preamble:
“The FSC Principles and Criteria ...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Direct
benefits
Indirect
benefits! set-aside areas
! dead wood
" l...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Direct
benefits
Indirect
benefits
Carbon retention
= intrinsic com...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
FSC does currently not provide…
BUT…
●  ES specific management gui...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Project Objective To pilot test expanded and enhanced
global and n...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
320,000 ha
3 pilot sites
Lead: FSC Chile
• Astorga Consultants
• B...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Certification Model 1: Single Certification – FSC standards and
sy...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
#  Standards / indicators developed for ES certification
#  Additi...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Indonesia:
• Harmonized certification body standards
• LEI applyin...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Nepal
• Working Group established for development of FSC Indicator...
FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%%
Forest Stewardship Council®
FSC International
Charles-de-Gaulle-St...
ForCES – Forest Certification for Ecosystem Services - A groundbreaking pilot project to expand FSC‘s scope and relevance
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ForCES – Forest Certification for Ecosystem Services - A groundbreaking pilot project to expand FSC‘s scope and relevance

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This presentation by the Forest Stewardship Council given during the Forests Asia summit in the discussion forum "Governance: Moving certification to the landscape level with ecosystem services" introduces the FSC as an organization and why it's so important to address ecosystem services, how their PES scheme works and how FSC fits within the framework.

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ForCES – Forest Certification for Ecosystem Services - A groundbreaking pilot project to expand FSC‘s scope and relevance

  1. 1. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% ForCES – Forest Certification for Ecosystem Services A groundbreaking pilot project to expand FSC‘s scope and relevance
  2. 2. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Forest Stewardship Council •  Global, independent, non-governmental, not for profit organization dedicated to the promotion of responsible forest management •  Founded in 1993 after the 1992 UN Conference on Sustainable Development, by business representatives, social groups, and environmental organizations •  Enables businesses, consumers and investors to make informed choices about the forest products they buy, and companies they engage with, to create positive change by engaging the market
  3. 3. •  Setting standards for responsible forest management and valuing ecosystem services •  An accreditation/certification system to monitor adherence to FSC standards •  A product labeling system that rewards responsible forest managers What does FSC provide?
  4. 4. 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Worldwide 27,543 Chain of Custody Certificates Asia Pacific : 7,439 (27%) (as of 17 March 2014)
  5. 5. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Because the (hidden) socio-economic value of services exceeds that of goods many times over Why is it so important to address ecosystem services?
  6. 6. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Values per hectare and year estimated for various tropical forests Source: TEEB (2010) The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Mainstreaming the Economics of Nature: A synthesis of the approach, conclusions and recommendations of TEEB. Timber 560 $ Fuelwood 60 $ Non-timber 40-70 $ Climate regulation 800 – 2,200 $ Flood regulation 25 $ Water supply 1,000 $ Pollination 50 $ The untapped value of ecosystem services
  7. 7. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Ecosystem Services Certification provides business value for ‘Payment of Ecosystem Services’ (PES) 1.  Value to the buyer: ES Certification verifies the provision of the service 2.  Value to the buyer and to third parties: ES Certification confirms that application of safeguards of social and environmental values
  8. 8. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Principles & Criteria, Preamble: “The FSC Principles and Criteria cover the production of wood and non-timber forest products, conservation, protection, ecosystem services and other uses. Principle 6: Environmental Values and Impacts The Organization shall maintain, conserve and/or restore ecosystem services and environmental values of the Management Unit, and shall avoid, repair or mitigate negative environmental impacts. !! FSC certification of well-managed forests is a strong foundation for ES certification
  9. 9. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Direct benefits Indirect benefits! set-aside areas ! dead wood " logging damage " fire prevention " illegal activities + Biodiversity benefits ! species protection " pesticides ! natural regeneration for example… Biodiversity conservation = intrinsic component of responsible forestry
  10. 10. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Direct benefits Indirect benefits Carbon retention = intrinsic component of responsible forestry " harvest levels " logging damage ! conservation area ! dead wood ! forest inventories ! fire management ! impact assessment. " illegal activities + Carbon benefits or…
  11. 11. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% FSC does currently not provide… BUT… ●  ES specific management guidelines ●  a methodology for quantifying ecosystem services or evaluating impact of activities ●  a market-based reward mechanism for ES
  12. 12. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Project Objective To pilot test expanded and enhanced global and national environmental standards applied to emerging markets for biodiversity conservation and eco- systems services as an initial step for upgrading of successful models of FSC certification This will be achieved through establishing FSC certification as a market tool for a wide range of ecosystem services which are currently not adequately covered for sustainable forest management. It thereby seeks to fill a gap in the market. ForCES – An International Collaboration Funded by UNEP
  13. 13. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% 320,000 ha 3 pilot sites Lead: FSC Chile • Astorga Consultants • Bosques Cautin • Fundación Pumalin • GFA • INFOR Chile • Standard development • Market Analysis & Business models • Scaling up Lead: FSC IC • CIFOR • RECOFTC • UNEP GLOBAL 57,000 ha 2 pilot sites Lead: ANSAB • FECOFUN • National Trust for Nature Conservation • Relief International Nepal 45,000 ha 2 pilot sites Lead: SNV • MARD • RECOFTC Vietnam 290,000 ha 3 pilot sites Lead: WWF Indonesia • LEI • Ministry of Forestry • CIFOR Indonesia Project locations FSC ForCES
  14. 14. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Certification Model 1: Single Certification – FSC standards and systems are adapted to verify the provision of ecosystem services, the meeting of social and environmental safeguards and make associated promotional claims. •  Biodiversity •  Water •  Soil •  Eco-tourism Certification Model 2: Dual Certification – FSC standards are adapted to verify the meeting of social and environmental safeguards, but the provision of the ecosystem service is verified by an external scheme. •  Forest carbon projects FSC ES Certification Models
  15. 15. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% #  Standards / indicators developed for ES certification #  Additional verification requirements #  New promotional claims regarding ES certification #  Viable business model(s) defined for marketing ES #  System pilot tested at 10 areas in 4 target countries #  M+E methodology for assessing long term impact #  Market sensitization for ES certification through the global FSC Network ForCES Expected results
  16. 16. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Indonesia: • Harmonized certification body standards • LEI applying for FSC standards development group • Completed market analysis (CIFOR) • 3 pilot sites (Lombok, East and West Kalimantan) • PT Ratah pilot site has become FSC-certified Vietnam: • Standard Development Group established, chaired by the Ministry of Forests (VN Forests) • Controlled wood certificate is in its final stages for Houng Sung, one of the VN pilot sites Highlights FSC ForCES
  17. 17. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Nepal • Working Group established for development of FSC Indicators • Working with more than 50 communities to identify ecosystem services and develop benefit sharing mechanisms Chile • Identifying ES indicators and revising national standard • Developing business models with communities • Piloting Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) approaches with communities Asia Pacific • National standards development processes in 11 countries • Increase in supply and demand of FSC certified products • Support and capacity building (train the trainers, smallholder fund) FSC ForCES
  18. 18. FSC®%F000100%%(%FSC®%Interna/onal%All%rights%reserved%% Forest Stewardship Council® FSC International Charles-de-Gaulle-Str. 5 53113 Bonn, Germany T +49 (0) 228 367 66-0 FSC Asia Pacific Regional Office 15/F, Manhattan Centre, 8 Kwai Cheong Road, Kwai Chung, Hong Kong T: +852 2161-9682 FSC Indonesia Level 3A, World Trade Centre 5 (Wisma Metropolitan I) Jl. Jend. Sudirman Kav. 29, Jakarta 12920 T: +62 21 2598 5065 asiapacific@fsc.org www.fsc.org www.forces.fsc.org

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