‘Evidence-based forestry’: Constructing bridges that connect science, policy and practice


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This presentation by Gillian Petrokofsky from the University of Oxford shows what one should consider when talking about evidence-based forestry, what the bigger picture is and why a collaboration between EBF and landscape management might be the solution to many problems.

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  • Stakeholder meeting: Getting others involved in relevant research to connect practice & policy
  • CIFOR and partners are launching the “Evidence-based Forestry” initiativeSystematic reviews of key policy questionsare a core elementBuilds on experiences from other sectors, especially medicineNote! Does not provide solutions. Does not replace accountability of decision makers. Does not replace need for non-scientific inputs
  • UpdatesResearch quality:They have several thousand titles and are just now completing the abstract screening, about to go on to full text screeningThe results will be synthesized to provide an overview of the literature, to summarize the arguments and approaches for expanding definitions of research quality, and to identify and discuss the main purposes, principles, indicators and measures of research quality in transdisciplinary and applied contexts.Property rights: Protocol to be sent to CEE for publication, full text screening phase, with writers’ workshop later this month Annual Review on Environment and Resources article for next year, SR to finish in July Alternative livelihoods: Stakeholder workshop in July to define review question, currently developing search strategy (scoping) Name team leaders and collaborators:Brian Belcher / Royal Roads UniversityEsther Mwangi / coauthors from University of MichiganTerry Sunderland / coauthors from IIED, ZSL, Archipelago Consulting (Kent Redford) Linley Chiwona-Karltun / SLU (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences), with Esther Mwangi
  • ‘Evidence-based forestry’: Constructing bridges that connect science, policy and practice

    1. 1. Long-term Ecology & Resource Stewardship Group ‘Evidence-based forestry’: Constructing bridges that connect science, policy and practice Gillian Petrokofsky University of Oxford gillian.petrokofsky@zoo.ox.ac.uk Global Landscapes Forum, Warsaw, 16-17 November, 2013 Technical & Networking Session: Knowledge for impact: How to bridge the gap between science, policy and action to achieve complex climate and sustainable development goal
    2. 2. The policy context: influence • • • • What ‘facts’? What data? How reliable are they? What about bias? Source: Farming First http://www.farmingfirst.org/unfccc-toolkit-how-to-use/ 16/11/2013 GLF, Warsaw 2
    3. 3. The policy context: knowledge Source: Petrokofsky, 2011 16/11/2013 GLF, Warsaw 3
    4. 4. The policy context: forestry and the ‘bigger-picture’ Sustainable Development ‘Big 5’ “Forestry” Poverty Food security Climate change Biodiversity • Political relevance • Credible science • Collaboration Green economy Source: Holmgren 2013 16/11/2013 GLF, Warsaw 4
    5. 5. Evidence-Based Forestry: a model from medicine 16/11/2013 GLF, Warsaw 5
    6. 6. Why not a collaboration for forestry and landscape management? The collaboration draws from examples in other sectors Partners 1987 Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health 1988 Centre for the Study of Learning performance (Canada) CIFOR, ICRAF, IUFRO, medicine education CATIE, CIRAD, University 1993 Cochrane Collaboration medicine 1993 EPPI Centre (UK) social policy of Oxford 1994 Centre for Review & Dissemination (UK) medicine 1995 Joanna Briggs Institute (Australia) medicine 1995 Blueprints for Violence Prevention (USA) 1999 Center for Evaluation Research & Methodology (USA) crime & justice 2000 Campbell Collaboration Social policies 2003 Centre for Evidence-based Conservation environment 2007 Collaboration for Environemntal Evidence 2009 3iE environment international development 2013 EBF - CIFOR & Partners forestry • CIFOR leads initial phase, including capacity building • DFID provides inititial funding 16/11/2013 crime & justice Systematic reviews: “gold standard” in these collaborations GLF, Warsaw 6
    7. 7. Objectives of Evidence-Based Forestry initiative • Conduct systematic reviews in forestry and landscape management • Identify priority questions for review and policy development • Promote good practice in establishing robust evidence bases landscape management (including forestry) 16/11/2013 GLF, Warsaw 7
    8. 8. Systematic Reviews: key tools 16/11/2013 GLF, Warsaw 8
    9. 9. Systematic Reviews: a collaborative process 1. Question framing • Policy-relevance • Involves stakeholders • Define what is to be examined and how Policyrelevant question 2. Rigorous review methodology • Comprehensive • Transparent • Repeatable Commitment to update Systematic evaluation of evidence Active dissemination of results 3. Engage wider community with findings • policy makers • academics • stakeholders Source Petrokofsky et al., 2010 16/11/2013 GLF, Warsaw 9
    10. 10. Steps of a systematic review and systematic map 1 Formulate the problem and register title 2 Write the protocol, submit for peer-review, publish 3 Locate and select studies 16/11/2013 6 Analyse data and present the results 5 Collect and extract data 4 Appraise studies for risk of bias GLF, Warsaw 7 Interpret the results 8 Complete the review, submit for peer-review & publish 9 Update the review 10
    11. 11. Evidence based forestry (EBF) initiative: progress to date • EBF Steering Committee • EBF support group (Wen Zhou & Jessica Clendenning), CIFOR • 2013 work-plan • 1st tranche of CIFOR-led reviews underway: • Events to promote awareness of EBF Initiative & collect ideas for reviews • Call for proposals for new review – DG, CIFOR (November 2013) • Development of resources cifor.org/ebf 16/11/2013 GLF, Warsaw 11
    12. 12. Ongoing reviews • • • • • • What are the environmental impacts of different property regimes in forests, fisheries, and rangelands? Are alternative livelihood projects effective at reducing local threats to defined elements of biodiversity and/or improving or maintaining the conservation status of those elements? Forests sustaining agriculture: the contribution of forest-based ecosystem services to agricultural production. How does gender affect the use and access of assets (forests, land, information, knowledge) on household food and nutrition security? What is the potential role of land use change dynamics in Miombo woodlands in relation to REDD+? What are appropriate criteria and indicators for defining and measuring transdisciplinary research quality in natural resources management research?
    13. 13. Coming soon T20Q – Get involved! what do YOU think are high-priority questions? from ‘experts’ from online surveys Phase 1: review questions collected from the literature Phase 2: grouping Phase 3: prioritising Will use previously successful methodology- ecology, forestry, agriculture examples. Workshop(s) Online Phase 4: validating Priority Questions 16/11/2013 T20Q (Top Twenty Questions For Forestry) uses an iterative internet survey approach coupled with workshops and the use of a Delphi group to determine a set of priority questions for: • systematic review • policy development GLF, Warsaw EBF Steering Committee endorsed and will promote actively. 13
    14. 14. Session questions and EBF • What makes knowledge generation and uptake successful? • What are some of the barriers to sharing knowledge about landscapes? • How well do we know what other people need to know? • What are some of the tools we can use to listen and design more effective knowledge products and pathways? 16/11/2013 GLF, Warsaw 15
    15. 15. Thank you for listening!