SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Forest and tree ecosystem services for adaptation: six stories

CIFOR-ICRAF
CIFOR-ICRAF
CIFOR-ICRAFCIFOR-ICRAF

Ecosystems such as forests produce services that could have a significant role in reducing human vulnerability to climate variability and change. Using case studies from around the world, this presentation explores six different ways that forests and trees serve in helping humans to adapt. This presentation was given on 7 September 2012 at the IUCN World Conservation Congress in Jeju, South Korea, during a session titled 'Building resilience to climate change through ecosystem-based adaptation'. It was also presented on 15 June 2012 at ‘Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation: from concept to action’, an event held during Rio+20.

Forest and tree ecosystem services for adaptation: six stories

1 of 11
Download to read offline
Forest and tree ecosystem
          services for adaptation:
                 six stories




       Terry Sunderland, Emilia Pramova, Bruno Locatelli

             Building resilience to climate change through
           ecosystem-based adaptation (CEM official session)
                           Jeju, 07 September
THINKING beyond the canopy
Introduction
 Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (EBA)
    •  Ecosystem services for reducing human
       vulnerability to climate variability and change
   What scientific evidence on EBA?
     • We need this evidence to move EBA
       from concepts to action
   Literature review
     • Peer-review papers on forests or trees and
       human vulnerability
   Six major stories emerged from the review


                                       THINKING beyond the canopy
Forests
and
trees                    Six major
                                                        stories
    Provisioning
services        Regulating
services


    1.
Products                                                        Local
                                                                     adaptation
                                2.
Agriculture


                                3.
Watersheds

                                                                     Meso‐level
                                4.
Coasts                            adaptation


                                5.
Cities


                                6.
Regional
climate                   Regional
(Pramova et al., forthcoming)                                        adaptation
                                                        THINKING beyond the canopy
1. Products
   Forests and trees
    •   Provide safety nets for local communities coping with
        climate shocks
    •   Increase livelihood diversification (anticipatory
        strategy)
   Examples:
    •   Honduras: smallholders sold timber to recover from
        asset loss due to hurricane Mitch (McSweeney, 2005)
    •   Tanzania: diversification with firewood, charcoal,
        timber, fruits etc. as adaptive strategy (Paavola, 2008)
   Issues:
    •   Poverty trap? (out of the forest, out of vulnerability?)
    •   Sustainability of natural resources for adaptation
    •   Property rights and access

                                                       THINKING beyond the canopy
2. Agriculture
   Trees in agriculture
    •   Maintain production under climate variability and
        protect crops against extremes
    •   Local shade cover, soil fertility & moisture, wind
        breaks, water infiltration
   Examples:
    •   Malawi: agroforestry with Faidherbia & Gliricidia. At
        least modest grain yields during drought (Garrity et al.,
        2010)
    •   Mexico: Protection of coffee from microclimate
        extremes in Mexico: control of temperature &
        humidity fluctuations, also protection from storm &
        wind (Lin et al., 2010)
   Issues:
    •   Trade-offs: production vs. resilience
                                                        THINKING beyond the canopy
3. Watersheds
   Forests in watersheds:
    •   Regulate base flows (dry seasons), peak flows (intense
        rainfall), and stabilize soil (landslide risks)
   Examples:
    •   Indonesia (Flores): Agrarian communities in the
        proximity of forested watersheds in Flores show lower
        impacts and higher profits during droughts (Pattanayak
        and Kramer, 2001)
    •   Philippines: Cyclone damage linked to watershed
        deforestation (landslide, river overflows, flooding)
        (Gaillard et al., 2007)

   Issues:
    •   Trade-offs between services (e.g. more regularity but
        less total water)
    •   Not enough evidence, many studies based on common
        wisdom, controversies (e.g. floods and forests)
                                                        THINKING beyond the canopy
Ad

Recommended

Ecosystem Services for Biodiversity Conservation: Study of Corbett
Ecosystem Services for Biodiversity Conservation: Study of Corbett Ecosystem Services for Biodiversity Conservation: Study of Corbett
Ecosystem Services for Biodiversity Conservation: Study of Corbett India Water Portal
 
Ecosystem services for biodiversity conservation and sustainable agriculture
Ecosystem services for biodiversity conservation and sustainable agricultureEcosystem services for biodiversity conservation and sustainable agriculture
Ecosystem services for biodiversity conservation and sustainable agricultureExternalEvents
 
Environmental Conservation and Ecosystem Services in River Basins
Environmental Conservation and Ecosystem Services in River BasinsEnvironmental Conservation and Ecosystem Services in River Basins
Environmental Conservation and Ecosystem Services in River BasinsWater, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)
 
Ecosystem services
Ecosystem servicesEcosystem services
Ecosystem servicesSHAHANAS6
 
Ecosystem services and conservation
Ecosystem services and conservationEcosystem services and conservation
Ecosystem services and conservationBasic Biology
 
Evaluation of ecosystem services
Evaluation of ecosystem servicesEvaluation of ecosystem services
Evaluation of ecosystem servicesApurva Sharma
 
Ecosystem services
Ecosystem servicesEcosystem services
Ecosystem servicesDeepa Manoj
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Ecosystem Services (Nature's Services)
Ecosystem Services (Nature's Services)Ecosystem Services (Nature's Services)
Ecosystem Services (Nature's Services)ed4wb
 
Ecological goods and services
Ecological goods and servicesEcological goods and services
Ecological goods and servicesblyoung
 
Economics of Ecosystem and Biodiversity
Economics of Ecosystem and BiodiversityEconomics of Ecosystem and Biodiversity
Economics of Ecosystem and BiodiversityIndia Water Portal
 
Water wetlands ecosystem services
Water wetlands ecosystem servicesWater wetlands ecosystem services
Water wetlands ecosystem servicesMarianne Kettunen
 
Enhancement of fisheries production in open water bodies general principles
Enhancement of fisheries production in open water bodies general principlesEnhancement of fisheries production in open water bodies general principles
Enhancement of fisheries production in open water bodies general principlesSHAHANAS6
 
Biodiversity, ecosystem services, social sustainability and tipping points in...
Biodiversity, ecosystem services, social sustainability and tipping points in...Biodiversity, ecosystem services, social sustainability and tipping points in...
Biodiversity, ecosystem services, social sustainability and tipping points in...ILRI
 
Incentives for Ecosystem Services – Colombia
Incentives for Ecosystem Services – Colombia Incentives for Ecosystem Services – Colombia
Incentives for Ecosystem Services – Colombia FAO
 
Sustainable utilization and conservation of plant biodiversity in montane eco...
Sustainable utilization and conservation of plant biodiversity in montane eco...Sustainable utilization and conservation of plant biodiversity in montane eco...
Sustainable utilization and conservation of plant biodiversity in montane eco...Shujaul Mulk Khan
 
Sustain and unsustainable use of Biological resources
Sustain and unsustainable use of Biological resourcesSustain and unsustainable use of Biological resources
Sustain and unsustainable use of Biological resourcesRaheel Hayat Rahee
 
Lesson 5 History of environmental management
Lesson 5   History of environmental managementLesson 5   History of environmental management
Lesson 5 History of environmental managementDr. P.B.Dharmasena
 
Biodiversity powerpoint
Biodiversity  powerpointBiodiversity  powerpoint
Biodiversity powerpointdarrylw
 
9.cl 14 15 natural resource management
9.cl 14 15 natural resource management9.cl 14 15 natural resource management
9.cl 14 15 natural resource managementDr Rajeev Kumar
 
Economic Evaluation of Uttarakhand Forest
Economic Evaluation of Uttarakhand ForestEconomic Evaluation of Uttarakhand Forest
Economic Evaluation of Uttarakhand ForestIndia Water Portal
 
Environmental science priyanka
Environmental science priyankaEnvironmental science priyanka
Environmental science priyankavardhamanece
 
Environmental studies and natural resources
Environmental studies and natural resourcesEnvironmental studies and natural resources
Environmental studies and natural resourcesParul Tyagi
 
management of natural resources
management of natural resourcesmanagement of natural resources
management of natural resourcesRahul Malhotra
 
MANAGEMENT OF OUR NAURAL RESOURCES
MANAGEMENT OF OUR NAURAL RESOURCESMANAGEMENT OF OUR NAURAL RESOURCES
MANAGEMENT OF OUR NAURAL RESOURCESABHEJITG
 
Ecoinformatics application in wildlife conservation and management
Ecoinformatics application in wildlife conservation and managementEcoinformatics application in wildlife conservation and management
Ecoinformatics application in wildlife conservation and managementTessaRaju
 

What's hot (19)

Ecosystem Services (Nature's Services)
Ecosystem Services (Nature's Services)Ecosystem Services (Nature's Services)
Ecosystem Services (Nature's Services)
 
Ecological goods and services
Ecological goods and servicesEcological goods and services
Ecological goods and services
 
Economics of Ecosystem and Biodiversity
Economics of Ecosystem and BiodiversityEconomics of Ecosystem and Biodiversity
Economics of Ecosystem and Biodiversity
 
Water wetlands ecosystem services
Water wetlands ecosystem servicesWater wetlands ecosystem services
Water wetlands ecosystem services
 
Enhancement of fisheries production in open water bodies general principles
Enhancement of fisheries production in open water bodies general principlesEnhancement of fisheries production in open water bodies general principles
Enhancement of fisheries production in open water bodies general principles
 
Biodiversity, ecosystem services, social sustainability and tipping points in...
Biodiversity, ecosystem services, social sustainability and tipping points in...Biodiversity, ecosystem services, social sustainability and tipping points in...
Biodiversity, ecosystem services, social sustainability and tipping points in...
 
Incentives for Ecosystem Services – Colombia
Incentives for Ecosystem Services – Colombia Incentives for Ecosystem Services – Colombia
Incentives for Ecosystem Services – Colombia
 
Sustainable utilization and conservation of plant biodiversity in montane eco...
Sustainable utilization and conservation of plant biodiversity in montane eco...Sustainable utilization and conservation of plant biodiversity in montane eco...
Sustainable utilization and conservation of plant biodiversity in montane eco...
 
Sustain and unsustainable use of Biological resources
Sustain and unsustainable use of Biological resourcesSustain and unsustainable use of Biological resources
Sustain and unsustainable use of Biological resources
 
Lesson 5 History of environmental management
Lesson 5   History of environmental managementLesson 5   History of environmental management
Lesson 5 History of environmental management
 
Biodiversity powerpoint
Biodiversity  powerpointBiodiversity  powerpoint
Biodiversity powerpoint
 
9.cl 14 15 natural resource management
9.cl 14 15 natural resource management9.cl 14 15 natural resource management
9.cl 14 15 natural resource management
 
Economic Evaluation of Uttarakhand Forest
Economic Evaluation of Uttarakhand ForestEconomic Evaluation of Uttarakhand Forest
Economic Evaluation of Uttarakhand Forest
 
Environmental science priyanka
Environmental science priyankaEnvironmental science priyanka
Environmental science priyanka
 
Environmental studies and natural resources
Environmental studies and natural resourcesEnvironmental studies and natural resources
Environmental studies and natural resources
 
management of natural resources
management of natural resourcesmanagement of natural resources
management of natural resources
 
Ecosystem Services & Social Science
Ecosystem Services & Social ScienceEcosystem Services & Social Science
Ecosystem Services & Social Science
 
MANAGEMENT OF OUR NAURAL RESOURCES
MANAGEMENT OF OUR NAURAL RESOURCESMANAGEMENT OF OUR NAURAL RESOURCES
MANAGEMENT OF OUR NAURAL RESOURCES
 
Ecoinformatics application in wildlife conservation and management
Ecoinformatics application in wildlife conservation and managementEcoinformatics application in wildlife conservation and management
Ecoinformatics application in wildlife conservation and management
 

Viewers also liked

Ecosystem Services
Ecosystem ServicesEcosystem Services
Ecosystem Servicesmuskokee
 
Presentation: Valuing Ecosystem Services, Methods and Practices
Presentation: Valuing Ecosystem Services, Methods and PracticesPresentation: Valuing Ecosystem Services, Methods and Practices
Presentation: Valuing Ecosystem Services, Methods and PracticesSteve Puma
 
Ecosystem science requirements for uas remote sensing
Ecosystem science requirements for uas remote sensing Ecosystem science requirements for uas remote sensing
Ecosystem science requirements for uas remote sensing bensparrowau
 
Smallholder and community forest management in the tropics: what we know and ...
Smallholder and community forest management in the tropics: what we know and ...Smallholder and community forest management in the tropics: what we know and ...
Smallholder and community forest management in the tropics: what we know and ...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Gender, tenure and community forests in Uganda and Nicaragua
 Gender, tenure and community forests in Uganda and Nicaragua  Gender, tenure and community forests in Uganda and Nicaragua
Gender, tenure and community forests in Uganda and Nicaragua CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Valuing Ecosystem Services Expanded, Winslow
Valuing Ecosystem Services Expanded, WinslowValuing Ecosystem Services Expanded, Winslow
Valuing Ecosystem Services Expanded, Winslowmaggiewinslow
 

Viewers also liked (6)

Ecosystem Services
Ecosystem ServicesEcosystem Services
Ecosystem Services
 
Presentation: Valuing Ecosystem Services, Methods and Practices
Presentation: Valuing Ecosystem Services, Methods and PracticesPresentation: Valuing Ecosystem Services, Methods and Practices
Presentation: Valuing Ecosystem Services, Methods and Practices
 
Ecosystem science requirements for uas remote sensing
Ecosystem science requirements for uas remote sensing Ecosystem science requirements for uas remote sensing
Ecosystem science requirements for uas remote sensing
 
Smallholder and community forest management in the tropics: what we know and ...
Smallholder and community forest management in the tropics: what we know and ...Smallholder and community forest management in the tropics: what we know and ...
Smallholder and community forest management in the tropics: what we know and ...
 
Gender, tenure and community forests in Uganda and Nicaragua
 Gender, tenure and community forests in Uganda and Nicaragua  Gender, tenure and community forests in Uganda and Nicaragua
Gender, tenure and community forests in Uganda and Nicaragua
 
Valuing Ecosystem Services Expanded, Winslow
Valuing Ecosystem Services Expanded, WinslowValuing Ecosystem Services Expanded, Winslow
Valuing Ecosystem Services Expanded, Winslow
 

Similar to Forest and tree ecosystem services for adaptation: six stories

Beyond mitigation: forest-based adaptation to climate change
Beyond mitigation: forest-based adaptation to climate changeBeyond mitigation: forest-based adaptation to climate change
Beyond mitigation: forest-based adaptation to climate changeCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Deforestation
DeforestationDeforestation
Deforestationhhead1
 
Adapting to climate change and variability: Tropical forests and wildfire
Adapting to climate change and variability: Tropical forests and wildfireAdapting to climate change and variability: Tropical forests and wildfire
Adapting to climate change and variability: Tropical forests and wildfireCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Adaptation of forest management to climate change in the Asia Pacific Region
Adaptation of forest management to climate change in the Asia Pacific RegionAdaptation of forest management to climate change in the Asia Pacific Region
Adaptation of forest management to climate change in the Asia Pacific RegionCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Landscape Approaches to Natural Resources Management
Landscape Approaches to Natural Resources ManagementLandscape Approaches to Natural Resources Management
Landscape Approaches to Natural Resources ManagementWorld Agroforestry (ICRAF)
 
B1_Ecosystem-based_adaptation.ppt
B1_Ecosystem-based_adaptation.pptB1_Ecosystem-based_adaptation.ppt
B1_Ecosystem-based_adaptation.pptRajabacot
 
Unit10 deforestation
Unit10 deforestationUnit10 deforestation
Unit10 deforestationyzanovitch
 
CIFOR Bruno Locatelli
CIFOR   Bruno LocatelliCIFOR   Bruno Locatelli
CIFOR Bruno Locatellicenafrica
 
The necessity of a multi-level framework for understanding coastal management...
The necessity of a multi-level framework for understanding coastal management...The necessity of a multi-level framework for understanding coastal management...
The necessity of a multi-level framework for understanding coastal management...weADAPT Learn - Share - Connect
 
Battaglia aust adaptation needs
Battaglia aust adaptation needsBattaglia aust adaptation needs
Battaglia aust adaptation needsbasco
 
Carbon in ecosystems
Carbon in ecosystemsCarbon in ecosystems
Carbon in ecosystemsCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Ecosystem based adaptation for climate change (BC3 Summer School _July 2015)
Ecosystem based adaptation for climate change (BC3 Summer School _July 2015)Ecosystem based adaptation for climate change (BC3 Summer School _July 2015)
Ecosystem based adaptation for climate change (BC3 Summer School _July 2015)BC3 - Basque Center for Climate Change
 
Virgin Tropical Forests, Loathed Plantations and Everything Inbetween: Not Se...
Virgin Tropical Forests, Loathed Plantations and Everything Inbetween: Not Se...Virgin Tropical Forests, Loathed Plantations and Everything Inbetween: Not Se...
Virgin Tropical Forests, Loathed Plantations and Everything Inbetween: Not Se...SIANI
 

Similar to Forest and tree ecosystem services for adaptation: six stories (20)

Beyond mitigation: forest-based adaptation to climate change
Beyond mitigation: forest-based adaptation to climate changeBeyond mitigation: forest-based adaptation to climate change
Beyond mitigation: forest-based adaptation to climate change
 
Deforestation
DeforestationDeforestation
Deforestation
 
Adapting to climate change and variability: Tropical forests and wildfire
Adapting to climate change and variability: Tropical forests and wildfireAdapting to climate change and variability: Tropical forests and wildfire
Adapting to climate change and variability: Tropical forests and wildfire
 
Adaptation of forest management to climate change in the Asia Pacific Region
Adaptation of forest management to climate change in the Asia Pacific RegionAdaptation of forest management to climate change in the Asia Pacific Region
Adaptation of forest management to climate change in the Asia Pacific Region
 
Seminar13 Mar 2013 - Sesion 1 - Forest transition in Mekong_ by Xu Jianchu
Seminar13 Mar 2013 - Sesion 1 - Forest transition in Mekong_ by Xu JianchuSeminar13 Mar 2013 - Sesion 1 - Forest transition in Mekong_ by Xu Jianchu
Seminar13 Mar 2013 - Sesion 1 - Forest transition in Mekong_ by Xu Jianchu
 
Landscape Approaches to Natural Resources Management
Landscape Approaches to Natural Resources ManagementLandscape Approaches to Natural Resources Management
Landscape Approaches to Natural Resources Management
 
Kunal
KunalKunal
Kunal
 
B1_Ecosystem-based_adaptation.ppt
B1_Ecosystem-based_adaptation.pptB1_Ecosystem-based_adaptation.ppt
B1_Ecosystem-based_adaptation.ppt
 
Deforestation
DeforestationDeforestation
Deforestation
 
unit10 deforestation.ppt
unit10 deforestation.pptunit10 deforestation.ppt
unit10 deforestation.ppt
 
Unit10 deforestation
Unit10 deforestationUnit10 deforestation
Unit10 deforestation
 
CIFOR Bruno Locatelli
CIFOR   Bruno LocatelliCIFOR   Bruno Locatelli
CIFOR Bruno Locatelli
 
The necessity of a multi-level framework for understanding coastal management...
The necessity of a multi-level framework for understanding coastal management...The necessity of a multi-level framework for understanding coastal management...
The necessity of a multi-level framework for understanding coastal management...
 
Forest resources for environmental studies
Forest resources for environmental studiesForest resources for environmental studies
Forest resources for environmental studies
 
Battaglia aust adaptation needs
Battaglia aust adaptation needsBattaglia aust adaptation needs
Battaglia aust adaptation needs
 
Carbon in ecosystems
Carbon in ecosystemsCarbon in ecosystems
Carbon in ecosystems
 
Ecosystem based adaptation for climate change (BC3 Summer School _July 2015)
Ecosystem based adaptation for climate change (BC3 Summer School _July 2015)Ecosystem based adaptation for climate change (BC3 Summer School _July 2015)
Ecosystem based adaptation for climate change (BC3 Summer School _July 2015)
 
Carter_et_al_2015
Carter_et_al_2015Carter_et_al_2015
Carter_et_al_2015
 
Protected Areas benefits at Moscow international conference
Protected Areas benefits at Moscow international conference Protected Areas benefits at Moscow international conference
Protected Areas benefits at Moscow international conference
 
Virgin Tropical Forests, Loathed Plantations and Everything Inbetween: Not Se...
Virgin Tropical Forests, Loathed Plantations and Everything Inbetween: Not Se...Virgin Tropical Forests, Loathed Plantations and Everything Inbetween: Not Se...
Virgin Tropical Forests, Loathed Plantations and Everything Inbetween: Not Se...
 

More from CIFOR-ICRAF

The evolution of REDD+ finance in DRC across the years: The rise of private R...
The evolution of REDD+ finance in DRC across the years: The rise of private R...The evolution of REDD+ finance in DRC across the years: The rise of private R...
The evolution of REDD+ finance in DRC across the years: The rise of private R...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Diskusi penguatan Rencana Aksi Nasional kelapa sawit berkelanjutan melalui Te...
Diskusi penguatan Rencana Aksi Nasional kelapa sawit berkelanjutan melalui Te...Diskusi penguatan Rencana Aksi Nasional kelapa sawit berkelanjutan melalui Te...
Diskusi penguatan Rencana Aksi Nasional kelapa sawit berkelanjutan melalui Te...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Simulation of Indonesian Palm Oil Sustainability (SIPOS)​
Simulation of Indonesian Palm Oil Sustainability (SIPOS)​Simulation of Indonesian Palm Oil Sustainability (SIPOS)​
Simulation of Indonesian Palm Oil Sustainability (SIPOS)​CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Tantangan penerapan pendekatan yuridiksi dari tinjauan rantai nilai industri...
Tantangan penerapan pendekatan yuridiksi  dari tinjauan rantai nilai industri...Tantangan penerapan pendekatan yuridiksi  dari tinjauan rantai nilai industri...
Tantangan penerapan pendekatan yuridiksi dari tinjauan rantai nilai industri...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Peluang dan tantangan untuk rantai suplai sawit berkelanjutan
Peluang dan tantangan untuk rantai suplai sawit berkelanjutanPeluang dan tantangan untuk rantai suplai sawit berkelanjutan
Peluang dan tantangan untuk rantai suplai sawit berkelanjutanCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Pengenalan Riset: Perluasan Pendekatan Yurisdiksi pada Sektor Kelapa Sawit di...
Pengenalan Riset: Perluasan Pendekatan Yurisdiksi pada Sektor Kelapa Sawit di...Pengenalan Riset: Perluasan Pendekatan Yurisdiksi pada Sektor Kelapa Sawit di...
Pengenalan Riset: Perluasan Pendekatan Yurisdiksi pada Sektor Kelapa Sawit di...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Balance de los tres años de las plataformas de ciencia y políticas públicas d...
Balance de los tres años de las plataformas de ciencia y políticas públicas d...Balance de los tres años de las plataformas de ciencia y políticas públicas d...
Balance de los tres años de las plataformas de ciencia y políticas públicas d...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
The evolution of REDD+ finance in Peru across the years
The evolution of REDD+ finance in Peru across the yearsThe evolution of REDD+ finance in Peru across the years
The evolution of REDD+ finance in Peru across the yearsCIFOR-ICRAF
 
WP4.2 – Escenarios de deforestación para construir políticas públicas
WP4.2 – Escenarios de deforestación para construir políticas públicasWP4.2 – Escenarios de deforestación para construir políticas públicas
WP4.2 – Escenarios de deforestación para construir políticas públicasCIFOR-ICRAF
 
¿Cómo la ciencia forestal ayuda a construir la política pública climática? La...
¿Cómo la ciencia forestal ayuda a construir la política pública climática? La...¿Cómo la ciencia forestal ayuda a construir la política pública climática? La...
¿Cómo la ciencia forestal ayuda a construir la política pública climática? La...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Comunicar la ciencia para mejores políticas públicas
Comunicar la ciencia para mejores políticas públicasComunicar la ciencia para mejores políticas públicas
Comunicar la ciencia para mejores políticas públicasCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Estudio Global Comparativo de CIFOR sobre REDD+, Fase 4: Del conocimiento a l...
Estudio Global Comparativo de CIFOR sobre REDD+, Fase 4: Del conocimiento a l...Estudio Global Comparativo de CIFOR sobre REDD+, Fase 4: Del conocimiento a l...
Estudio Global Comparativo de CIFOR sobre REDD+, Fase 4: Del conocimiento a l...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Transparency in Central Africa Region: Way to ETF under the Paris Agreement
Transparency in Central Africa Region: Way to ETF under the Paris AgreementTransparency in Central Africa Region: Way to ETF under the Paris Agreement
Transparency in Central Africa Region: Way to ETF under the Paris AgreementCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Ensuring Transparency and Accountability of forest policies: a Deforestation ...
Ensuring Transparency and Accountability of forest policies: a Deforestation ...Ensuring Transparency and Accountability of forest policies: a Deforestation ...
Ensuring Transparency and Accountability of forest policies: a Deforestation ...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Donor transparency
Donor transparencyDonor transparency
Donor transparencyCIFOR-ICRAF
 
The data perspective: Challenges and Opportunities for the Enchanced Transpar...
The data perspective: Challenges and Opportunities for the Enchanced Transpar...The data perspective: Challenges and Opportunities for the Enchanced Transpar...
The data perspective: Challenges and Opportunities for the Enchanced Transpar...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Low-emission food systems - moving from policies to practice in Vietnam
Low-emission food systems - moving from policies to  practice in VietnamLow-emission food systems - moving from policies to  practice in Vietnam
Low-emission food systems - moving from policies to practice in VietnamCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Low emissions development opportunities in food systems
Low emissions  development  opportunities in  food systemsLow emissions  development  opportunities in  food systems
Low emissions development opportunities in food systemsCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Low-emission food system perspectives in Viet Nam
Low-emission food system perspectives in Viet NamLow-emission food system perspectives in Viet Nam
Low-emission food system perspectives in Viet NamCIFOR-ICRAF
 
Limits to Integration: lessons from experiments in the landscape approach in...
Limits to Integration: lessons from experiments  in the landscape approach in...Limits to Integration: lessons from experiments  in the landscape approach in...
Limits to Integration: lessons from experiments in the landscape approach in...CIFOR-ICRAF
 

More from CIFOR-ICRAF (20)

The evolution of REDD+ finance in DRC across the years: The rise of private R...
The evolution of REDD+ finance in DRC across the years: The rise of private R...The evolution of REDD+ finance in DRC across the years: The rise of private R...
The evolution of REDD+ finance in DRC across the years: The rise of private R...
 
Diskusi penguatan Rencana Aksi Nasional kelapa sawit berkelanjutan melalui Te...
Diskusi penguatan Rencana Aksi Nasional kelapa sawit berkelanjutan melalui Te...Diskusi penguatan Rencana Aksi Nasional kelapa sawit berkelanjutan melalui Te...
Diskusi penguatan Rencana Aksi Nasional kelapa sawit berkelanjutan melalui Te...
 
Simulation of Indonesian Palm Oil Sustainability (SIPOS)​
Simulation of Indonesian Palm Oil Sustainability (SIPOS)​Simulation of Indonesian Palm Oil Sustainability (SIPOS)​
Simulation of Indonesian Palm Oil Sustainability (SIPOS)​
 
Tantangan penerapan pendekatan yuridiksi dari tinjauan rantai nilai industri...
Tantangan penerapan pendekatan yuridiksi  dari tinjauan rantai nilai industri...Tantangan penerapan pendekatan yuridiksi  dari tinjauan rantai nilai industri...
Tantangan penerapan pendekatan yuridiksi dari tinjauan rantai nilai industri...
 
Peluang dan tantangan untuk rantai suplai sawit berkelanjutan
Peluang dan tantangan untuk rantai suplai sawit berkelanjutanPeluang dan tantangan untuk rantai suplai sawit berkelanjutan
Peluang dan tantangan untuk rantai suplai sawit berkelanjutan
 
Pengenalan Riset: Perluasan Pendekatan Yurisdiksi pada Sektor Kelapa Sawit di...
Pengenalan Riset: Perluasan Pendekatan Yurisdiksi pada Sektor Kelapa Sawit di...Pengenalan Riset: Perluasan Pendekatan Yurisdiksi pada Sektor Kelapa Sawit di...
Pengenalan Riset: Perluasan Pendekatan Yurisdiksi pada Sektor Kelapa Sawit di...
 
Balance de los tres años de las plataformas de ciencia y políticas públicas d...
Balance de los tres años de las plataformas de ciencia y políticas públicas d...Balance de los tres años de las plataformas de ciencia y políticas públicas d...
Balance de los tres años de las plataformas de ciencia y políticas públicas d...
 
The evolution of REDD+ finance in Peru across the years
The evolution of REDD+ finance in Peru across the yearsThe evolution of REDD+ finance in Peru across the years
The evolution of REDD+ finance in Peru across the years
 
WP4.2 – Escenarios de deforestación para construir políticas públicas
WP4.2 – Escenarios de deforestación para construir políticas públicasWP4.2 – Escenarios de deforestación para construir políticas públicas
WP4.2 – Escenarios de deforestación para construir políticas públicas
 
¿Cómo la ciencia forestal ayuda a construir la política pública climática? La...
¿Cómo la ciencia forestal ayuda a construir la política pública climática? La...¿Cómo la ciencia forestal ayuda a construir la política pública climática? La...
¿Cómo la ciencia forestal ayuda a construir la política pública climática? La...
 
Comunicar la ciencia para mejores políticas públicas
Comunicar la ciencia para mejores políticas públicasComunicar la ciencia para mejores políticas públicas
Comunicar la ciencia para mejores políticas públicas
 
Estudio Global Comparativo de CIFOR sobre REDD+, Fase 4: Del conocimiento a l...
Estudio Global Comparativo de CIFOR sobre REDD+, Fase 4: Del conocimiento a l...Estudio Global Comparativo de CIFOR sobre REDD+, Fase 4: Del conocimiento a l...
Estudio Global Comparativo de CIFOR sobre REDD+, Fase 4: Del conocimiento a l...
 
Transparency in Central Africa Region: Way to ETF under the Paris Agreement
Transparency in Central Africa Region: Way to ETF under the Paris AgreementTransparency in Central Africa Region: Way to ETF under the Paris Agreement
Transparency in Central Africa Region: Way to ETF under the Paris Agreement
 
Ensuring Transparency and Accountability of forest policies: a Deforestation ...
Ensuring Transparency and Accountability of forest policies: a Deforestation ...Ensuring Transparency and Accountability of forest policies: a Deforestation ...
Ensuring Transparency and Accountability of forest policies: a Deforestation ...
 
Donor transparency
Donor transparencyDonor transparency
Donor transparency
 
The data perspective: Challenges and Opportunities for the Enchanced Transpar...
The data perspective: Challenges and Opportunities for the Enchanced Transpar...The data perspective: Challenges and Opportunities for the Enchanced Transpar...
The data perspective: Challenges and Opportunities for the Enchanced Transpar...
 
Low-emission food systems - moving from policies to practice in Vietnam
Low-emission food systems - moving from policies to  practice in VietnamLow-emission food systems - moving from policies to  practice in Vietnam
Low-emission food systems - moving from policies to practice in Vietnam
 
Low emissions development opportunities in food systems
Low emissions  development  opportunities in  food systemsLow emissions  development  opportunities in  food systems
Low emissions development opportunities in food systems
 
Low-emission food system perspectives in Viet Nam
Low-emission food system perspectives in Viet NamLow-emission food system perspectives in Viet Nam
Low-emission food system perspectives in Viet Nam
 
Limits to Integration: lessons from experiments in the landscape approach in...
Limits to Integration: lessons from experiments  in the landscape approach in...Limits to Integration: lessons from experiments  in the landscape approach in...
Limits to Integration: lessons from experiments in the landscape approach in...
 

Recently uploaded

Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionShapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionTushar Tank
 
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docxExit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docxMYDA ANGELICA SUAN
 
Sudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsSudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsRay Poynter
 
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxPractical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxKatherine Villaluna
 
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxKatherine Villaluna
 
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesTushar Tank
 
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications MosaicThe Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications MosaicUniversity of Canberra
 
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptx
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptxDifferent types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptx
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptxPunamSahoo3
 
John See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative StoryJohn See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative StoryAlan See
 
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDetailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDrOsiaMajeed
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptxCapitolTechU
 
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
mean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stackmean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stack
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stackNuttavutThongjor1
 
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassMedia Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassCorinne Weisgerber
 
LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
LOGISTICS  AND  SUPPLY CHAIN  MANAGEMENTLOGISTICS  AND  SUPPLY CHAIN  MANAGEMENT
LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENThpirrjournal
 
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Niranjan Chavan
 
Uncovering Consumers’ Hidden Narratives
Uncovering Consumers’ Hidden NarrativesUncovering Consumers’ Hidden Narratives
Uncovering Consumers’ Hidden NarrativesRay Poynter
 
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...Dr. Vinod Kumar Kanvaria
 
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfD.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfSUMIT TIWARI
 
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptxIntroduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptxRenuka N Sunagad
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionShapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
 
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docxExit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
 
Sudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsSudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of Beliefs
 
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxPractical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
 
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
 
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
 
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications MosaicThe Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
 
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptx
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptxDifferent types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptx
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptx
 
John See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative StoryJohn See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative Story
 
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media UsedCaldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
 
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDetailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
 
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
mean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stackmean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stack
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
 
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassMedia Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
 
LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
LOGISTICS  AND  SUPPLY CHAIN  MANAGEMENTLOGISTICS  AND  SUPPLY CHAIN  MANAGEMENT
LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
 
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
 
Uncovering Consumers’ Hidden Narratives
Uncovering Consumers’ Hidden NarrativesUncovering Consumers’ Hidden Narratives
Uncovering Consumers’ Hidden Narratives
 
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
 
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfD.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
 
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptxIntroduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
 

Forest and tree ecosystem services for adaptation: six stories

  • 1. Forest and tree ecosystem services for adaptation: six stories Terry Sunderland, Emilia Pramova, Bruno Locatelli Building resilience to climate change through ecosystem-based adaptation (CEM official session) Jeju, 07 September THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 2. Introduction  Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (EBA) • Ecosystem services for reducing human vulnerability to climate variability and change  What scientific evidence on EBA? • We need this evidence to move EBA from concepts to action  Literature review • Peer-review papers on forests or trees and human vulnerability  Six major stories emerged from the review THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 3. Forests
and
trees Six major stories Provisioning
services Regulating
services 1.
Products Local adaptation 2.
Agriculture 3.
Watersheds Meso‐level 4.
Coasts adaptation 5.
Cities 6.
Regional
climate Regional (Pramova et al., forthcoming) adaptation THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 4. 1. Products  Forests and trees • Provide safety nets for local communities coping with climate shocks • Increase livelihood diversification (anticipatory strategy)  Examples: • Honduras: smallholders sold timber to recover from asset loss due to hurricane Mitch (McSweeney, 2005) • Tanzania: diversification with firewood, charcoal, timber, fruits etc. as adaptive strategy (Paavola, 2008)  Issues: • Poverty trap? (out of the forest, out of vulnerability?) • Sustainability of natural resources for adaptation • Property rights and access THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 5. 2. Agriculture  Trees in agriculture • Maintain production under climate variability and protect crops against extremes • Local shade cover, soil fertility & moisture, wind breaks, water infiltration  Examples: • Malawi: agroforestry with Faidherbia & Gliricidia. At least modest grain yields during drought (Garrity et al., 2010) • Mexico: Protection of coffee from microclimate extremes in Mexico: control of temperature & humidity fluctuations, also protection from storm & wind (Lin et al., 2010)  Issues: • Trade-offs: production vs. resilience THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 6. 3. Watersheds  Forests in watersheds: • Regulate base flows (dry seasons), peak flows (intense rainfall), and stabilize soil (landslide risks)  Examples: • Indonesia (Flores): Agrarian communities in the proximity of forested watersheds in Flores show lower impacts and higher profits during droughts (Pattanayak and Kramer, 2001) • Philippines: Cyclone damage linked to watershed deforestation (landslide, river overflows, flooding) (Gaillard et al., 2007)  Issues: • Trade-offs between services (e.g. more regularity but less total water) • Not enough evidence, many studies based on common wisdom, controversies (e.g. floods and forests) THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 7. 4. Coasts  Coastal forests • Absorb and dissipate wave energy and stabilize coastal land • Protection from tropical storms, sea level rise, floods and coastal erosion  Examples: • India (Orissa): Cyclone protection. Villages behind mangroves suffered less losses of life, property and crops during 1999 cyclone (Badola & Hussain, 2005) • Vietnam: Reducing dyke maintenance costs. Benefits of $70–130 per ha/year (Das & Vincent, 2009; Tri et al., 1998)  Issues • What level of protection from extremes? THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 8. 5. Cities  Urban forests & trees • Regulate temperature and water for resilient urban settlements • Services: Shading, evaporative cooling, rainwater interception, storage and infiltration  Examples • Manchester (UK): Reducing urban flood risk. Trees can reduce volume of surface runoff (by 5 to 6%) (Gills et al., 2007) • New Jersey (USA): Reducing “urban heat island” effect and heat stress. Areas with mature canopies are 2.7–3.3°C cooler than areas without trees (Solecki et al., 2005)  Issues • Opportunity costs • Studies almost only in developed countries THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 9. 6. Regional climate  Forests can influence regional climate: • Cooling effect through increased evaporation and cloud cover • Influence on precipitation: water pumping & rainfall recycling  Examples • Amazon and West Africa: 40% of rainfall comes from evapotranspiration over land (Ellison et al., 2012) • Sahel: Biotic pump effect of forests, facilitating movements of water vapor from the Gulf of Guinea to the Sahel (Makarieva et al., 2009)  Issues • Controversies • Multiple scales involved (local, regional, global) • => How policies could address this role of forests? THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 10. Conclusions  Scales and evidence on EBA 1.
Products Local More evidence 2.
Agriculture adaptation 3.
Watersheds Meso‐level 4.
Coasts adaptation 5.
Cities Regional More knowledge gaps 6.
Regional
climate adaptation and controversies  A lot of knowledge (e.g., on forest hydrology) should be revisited with a climate change adaptation lens THINKING beyond the canopy
  • 11. Thank you! www.cifor.org THINKINGbeyond the canopy